Focus and Scope

International scientific online journal «Legal Trends» is published since 2016. The circulation is 2/4 issues per year.

The Journal Editorial Board includes well known outstanding foreign experts in the field of state legal and social sciences.

The strategy of our Journal is to present a fresh look at the events, so we do not publish articles based on well-known information, the interpretation of legal acts or historical digression: every article is the author’s view on the existing legal problems, on the possible ways of developing a particular legal phenomenon, on proposals how to improve the legal systems.

The journal is designed to meet international standards and to provide the scientific community with quality information in the field of comparative law and legal hermeneutics.

Target audience of the Journal - legal experts, legal scholars, practicing lawyers who are not indifferent to the development of law as a phenomenon.

Immediate open access to all the articles on the Internet, English language of publications in the Journal, the presence in various social networks will help to reach a wider audience of foreign scientists interested in conducting comparative legal research and interpretation of the legislation to identify and eliminate existing gaps.

Main aimed of Legal Trends:

  • to reach high scientometric indicators;
  • to create a recognizable brand «Legal Trends»;
  • to increase the credibility the Journal in the international scientific community;
  • to increase constantly the number of citations;
  • to involve scientists from different countries in the publication process, as a consequence - to create discussion platform on the most topical issues in the field of law on the basis the Journal;
  • to include the Journal in international databases and citation indexes.

The aim is to create a new-format journal that meets international standards, provides scientific community with high-quality information in the field of law rapidly, to include the Journal in the global information resources, particularly in the Scopus database, to create a recognizable in the international scientific community brand «Legal Trends».


Section Policies


Peer Review Process

Publication Review Process and Questions of Authorship

  1. All submitted articles are subject to strict review. Review is conducted in two steps. First step is the technical review process, during which text is analyzed for plagiarism and sources quality is checked. Second step is the double-blend peer-review, which is conducted by at least three reviewers that are experts in the field of the reviewed article. At least one reviewer must be international (to make sure of the paper quality by international reviewing) and at least one must be from Russia.
  2. Factors that are taken into account during the review are relevance and significance, originality, quality of language, readability.
  3. Possible reviewer recommendation include, but are not limited to: accept an
    article, accept an article with revisions, reject an article.
  4. Rejected articles are reviewed again and may be: accepted, accepted with revisions, rejected.
  5. The paper acceptance is constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism, publication of the article in another source.

Responsibilities of Authors

  1. All persons, indicated in papers must have significantly contributed to the research. All authors must certify that submitted papers are their original work
    by signing the related form in Russian or English.
  2. All authors must certify that material has not previously been anywhere published
    and that the manuscript is not submitted for publication elsewhere.
  3. Authors must state that all and any information in any paper submitted, included
    sources and references, is true and correct by signing the related form in Russian or English.
  4. Authors must immediately notify Editors of any conflicts of interest.
  5. Authors must immediately report to the Editors of any errors and mistakes they discover in their published or unpublished paper.

Responsibilities of Reviewers

  1. Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author.
  2. Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.
  3. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
  4. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
  5. Reviewers should also call to the Editor in Chief’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have any knowledge.
  6. Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest, which may result from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers, or is working in the institution author(s) are affiliated with.

Responsibilities of Editors

  1. Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, re-viewers and editorial board members.
  2. Editors should preserve reviewer’s anonymity at all time, unless otherwise is prohibited by Law, or special decision of the editorial board exist.
  3. Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain. Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject or accept a paper submitted. Decision must be taken in strict regard to this statement and should be based solely on the papers’ importance, originality, clarity and relevance to publication’s scope.
  4. Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication and should always consider the needs of the authors and readers when attempting to improve the publication.
  5. Editors should guarantee quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record.
  6. Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.
  7. Editors should not reverse their decisions nor overturn the ones of previous editors without serious reason.

Peer-Review Protocol

A double-blind peer review method is mandatory for processing of all scientific manuscripts submitted to the editorial stuff of “Legal Trends”. This implies that neither the reviewer is aware of the authorship of the manuscript, nor the author maintains any contact with the reviewer.

  1. Members of the editorial board and leading Russian and international experts in corresponding areas of life sciences, invited as independent readers, perform peer reviews. Editor-in-chief, deputy editor-in-chief or science editor choose readers for peer review. We aim to limit the review process to 21 days, though in some cases the schedule may be adjusted at the reviewer’s request.
  2. Reviewer has an option to abnegate the assessment should any conflict of interests arise that may affect perception or interpretation of the manuscript. Upon the scrutiny, the reviewer is expected to present the editorial board with one of the following recommendations: to accept the paper in its present state; to invited the author to revise their manuscript to address specific concerns before final decision is reached; that final decision be reached following further reviewing by another specialist; to reject the manuscript outright.
  3. If the reviewer has recommended any refinements, the editorial staff would suggest the author either to implement the corrections, or to dispute them reasonably. Authors are kindly required to limit their revision to 1 month and resubmit the adapted manuscript within this period for final evaluation.
  4. We politely request that the editor be notified verbally or in writing should the author decide to refuse from publishing the manuscript. In case the author fails to do so within 1 month since receiving a copy of the initial review, the editorial board takes the manuscript off the register and notifies the author accordingly.
  5. If author and reviewers meet insoluble contradictions regarding revision of the manuscript, the editor-in-chief resolves the conflict by his own authority.
  6. The editorial board reaches final decision to reject a manuscript on the hearing according to reviewers’ recommendations, and duly notifies the authors of their decision via e-mail. The board does not accept previously rejected manuscripts for re-evaluation.
  7. Upon the decision to accept the manuscript for publishing, the editorial staff notifies the authors of the scheduled date of publication.
  8. Kindly note that positive review does not guarantee the acceptance, as final decision in all cases lies with the editorial board. By his authority, editor-in-chief rules final solution of every conflict.
  9. Original reviews of submitted manuscripts remain deposited permanently (not less than 5 years).
  10. Manuscript reviews are not published. Reviews can be sent to the Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation in case of query.


Publication Frequency

Four issues per year.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Immediate open access to all the articles on the Internet, English language of publications in the Journal, the presence in various social networks will help to reach a wider audience of foreign scientists interested in conducting comparative legal research and interpretation of the legislation to identify and eliminate existing gaps.



Articles have been published in this journal are indexed by several systems:


Publishing Ethics

The ethic policy of this journal is based on recomendations from international commettees:



Editorial responsibilities

Editors have sole responsibility for acceptance or rejection of a manuscript. The manuscript may be rejected by the editor on the stage prior to peer-review for a solid reason (inappropriate topic for journal, clearly of poor scientific quality, the article was previously published elsewhere, essential contradiction to ethical principles of the Journal was detected). Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain. Editors should guarantee that the quality of the papers conforms to internationally accepted scientific and publication ethical guidelines. If there is conflict of interest of the editor with the author of the article, the article should be transmitted to another editor.

The editor transmits all the submitted manuscripts, which were not rejected according to the reasons stated below, for peer-review. The editor chooses the reviewers out of the most competent specialists on the topic of the article.

Editors should preserve anonymity of reviewers and should not tell the reviewers the names of the authors.

Editors should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record and be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

Reporting standarts

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial opinion works should be clearly identified as such.

Advertising Policies

The editorial board adheres to ethical standards in its work and, above all, defending the right to editorial independence. Placement of promotional materials and sponsorship can not influence in any way on editorial decisions and editorial content. The journal does not publish materials to accompany the advertising and does not sell advertising for specific articles. Advertising and information materials is not mixed with the editorial content.

All decisions on advertising placement are only accepted by the publisher. The editors reserve the right not to accept advertising materials, placement does not meet the publication policy.

Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Plagiarism takes many forms, from passing off another paper as the author(s) own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another(s) paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

The Editorial Board considers the following to be the forms plagiarism:

  • Use (word for word citing) of any materials in any value without indicating the source;
  • use of images, pictures, photographs, tables, diagrams, schemes or any other forms of graphical information presentation without indicating the source;
  • use of images, pictures, photographs, tables, diagrams, schemes or any other forms of graphical information presentation published in scientific and popular issues without approving by copyright holder;
  • use of the materials without written permission, the authors or copyright holders of which don’t permit use of their materials without special approvement.

The Editorial Board considers the following to be the forms of incorrect borrowing:

  • Absence of graphical highlighting of literal text citation when there are references to the source;
  • incorrect references (incomplete bibliographic description of the sources, which prevents their identification;
  • reference not to the first source of the borrowed text without clear indication of this fact (mistake in primary source determination);
  • absence of references from the text to the sources enumerated in the list below the article;
  • excessive citation (in case there are references to the sources and graphical highlighting of the cited text), the volume of which is not justified by the genre and aims of the article.

Only original works are acceptable for publication in journal. The journal does not allow any forms of plagiarism.

If the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

The journal is using "ANTIPLAGIAT" software for plagiarism detection in all Russian-language manuscripts. The Google Scholar is used for English-language manuscripts. Papers will be rejected from any stage of the publication process (even if the article was published already) if plagiarism will be fined.

Papers will be rejected from any stage of the publication process (even if the article were published already) if plagiarism will be fined.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper. Publication of some kinds of articles (eg, clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication. Further detail on acceptable forms of secondary publication can be found at

Acknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) have approved them. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

Statement of Human and Animal Rights

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 and 2008. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.

When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the authors obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learn from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.

Retraction guidelines

In some cases the Editorial Board may consider retracting a publication.

The reasons for retraction may be the following:

  • it constitutes plagiarism, including borrowed pictures, tables, diagrams, etc. If plagiarism was detected after publication (see Plagiarism Policy);
  • third party expresses claims concerning copyrights for the article or its parts;
  • the findings have previously been published elsewhere before the date of its publication in the journal.

The published article has serious errors, which place its scientific value in question.

In such cases the Editor should initiate the revision, after which the article may be retracted. The Act on retraction is complied, which is signed by the editor-in-chief. The copy of the Act is being sent to the author of the article.

In this case the article is not physically withdrawn from the published edition and the file of the issue on web site. The Editorial Office publishes the notification on retraction of the article on the corresponding page of the issue content on the official site of the Journal. The Editorial Office should attentively consider issuing an expression of concern about the revealed problems in the published materials.

The Editorial Board considers it a responsibility of authors and reviewers to promptly inform about the missed mistakes and breaches revealed after the publication of the article.

Privacy Statement

Information about the authors (surname, name, family name, affiliation, e-mail, contact number), which is provided by them for publication in the journal, is becoming available for indefinite range of persons, for which the authors give their permission by providing his article in the online system on the website of the journal.

The following data is published for the convenience of the authors with the aim of the full and correct account of publications and their citation by the corresponding bibliography companies and providing the possibility of contacting the authors ans the scientific society.

Personal information provided by the authors in addition to the enumerated below include additional e-mails and phones. These will be used only for contacting the authors in the process of preparing the publication. The Editorial Board may not transmit this information to the third party, who can use in for some other purposes.


The page is based on original materials from the Elsevier:


Publication Fee

Publication process in this journal is free for all authors.

The journal charge no publication fees for authors - including those of peer-review management, manuscript processing, journal production, Open-Access, online hosting and archiving.

The journal asks no article processing charge in any forms.


Editorial Board

Chief Editor

  • Yastrebov O.A. — Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Director of Law Institute at People’s Friendship University of Russia, Head of the Department of Administrative and Financial Law, Law Institute at People’s Friendship University of Russia, member of the HAC Ministry of Education and Science, the Russian Federa-tion.

Deputy editor

  • Zelentsov A.B. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Administrative and Financial Law De-partment, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia.
    Executive editor
  • Grebnev R.D. — PhD, Deputy Director for scientific activities, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia, member of the advisory council at the Moscow City Duma committee on legislation.

Executive Secretary

  • Mishlanova V.A. – Research Officer of the Office of Science and Innovation Policy, People’s Friendship University of Russia.

Members of Editorial Board

  • Abashidze A.Kh. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Head of the International Law De-partment, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia, director of the Center for innovative educational projects and legal research, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Vice chairman of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Chairman of the International Law Commission for UN development of the United Nations Association of Russia
  • Azzouz Kerdoun — Professor of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Constantine (Algeria), member of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cul-tural Rights
  • Atabekova A.A. — Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of Foreign Languages De-partment, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia, member of the EU Law Interpreters and Translators Association (EULITA), representative of People’s Friendship University of Russia at the European Council on languages (CSE / ELC)
  • Baideldinov D.L. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Dean of Law Faculty, Kazakh National University after Al-Farabi
  • Bezbakh V.V. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Civil and Labor Law Department, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation, Honored member of Higher Education of the Russian Federation
  • Bukalerova L.A. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Head of Criminal Law, Criminal Pro-cedure and Criminalistics Department, Law Institute
  • Burian A.D. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Ambassador (retired), President of the Moldova International Law Association
  • Dzhansaraeva R.E. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Head of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics Department, Law Faculty, Al-Farabi University
  • Fedorov M.V. – Ph.D., Methodist associate Professor of Theory and History of State Department, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia
  • Grebennikov V.V. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Head of Judiciary, Law Enforcement and Advocacy Department, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation
  • Hashmatullah Behrouz — Doctor of Laws, Professor, European Union Law and Comparative Legal Studies Department, the National University «Odessa Law Academy» (Ukraine)
  • Klishas A.A. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, scientific supervisor, Law Institute, Head of Constitutional Law and Constitutional Proceedings Department, People’s Friendship University of Russia, Law Institute, Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Constitutional Legislation, Legal Judicial Affairs, development of civil society, founder of Modern History Foundation, member of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission, Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, member of the Board of Trustees for Lawyers of Russia Association, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation
  • Muromtsev G.I. — Doctor of Laws, Professor, Theory and History of State and Law Department, Law Institute
  • Nurmaganbetov E.T. — PhD, Associate Professor, Deputy Dean for scientific inno-vation activities and international relations, Law Faculty, Al-Farabi University — member of the editorial board
  • Vorobyov V.V. — Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of the Russian Language De-partment, Laws Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia, corresponding member of the Academy of Natural Sciences — member of the editorial board
  • Zinkovsky S.B. – Ph.D., Associate Professor of Theory and History of State and Law Department, Law Institute, People’s Friendship University of Russia, Associate Professor of Public and Municipal Administration Department, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, People’s Friendship University of Russia