Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and BuildingsStructural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings1815-52352587-8700Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)3091610.22363/1815-5235-2021-17-6-608-616Research ArticleNumerical analysis of cylindrical shell stability interacting with inhomogeneous soilKosytsynSergey B.<p>adviser of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences, D.Sc. in Engineering, Professor of the Department of Theoretical Mechanics</p>kositsyn-s@yandex.ruhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3241-0683AkulichVladimir Yu.<p>PhD student, Department of Theoretical Mechanics</p>vladimir.akulich@gmail.comhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9467-5791Russian University of Transport3012202117660861628042022Copyright © 2021, Kosytsyn S.B., Akulich V.Y.2021<p style="text-align: justify;">The research is aimed at determining the critical buckling load of the spatial model shell - soil system in the case of inhomogeneous physical and mechanical soil properties along the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical shell in a nonlinear formulations of the task. Methods. The task is solved by a numerical method using a finite element complex ANSYS. Two calculated cases of the spatial model shell - soil system are compiled. The soil is divided into two equal parts with different physical and mechanical properties. The problem was solved in geometrically, physically and constructively nonlinear statement. Nonlinearity is due to the need to find the contact zone through an iterative process and determine the time-varying position of the shell. The soil is modeled by volumetric elements, each consisting of twenty nodes. The shell is modeled by flat elements, each consisting of four nodes. Contact elements of one-side action are used. Critical buckling load are determined relative to the actual load of its own weight. Results. Critical loads are obtained from two calculated cases of the spatial model shell - soil system. There is a comparative analysis of the results. 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