Vol 12, No 4 (2020)

Oriental Studies
“The Bronze Tripod” of Qing Power in Tibet and the position of the 5th Panchen Lama
Lyulina A.G.
Abstract

Chinese historiography, concerning the period of Qing administration’s strengthening in the Tibetan region, shows the concept 三足鼎立 (sānzú dĭnglì), which literally means “to establish a bronze tripod” or figuratively “tripartite balance of power”. The Panchen Lama incarnation lineage become one of the three pillars of Qing power in Tibet by the middle of the XVIII century. The 5th Panchen Lama Lobsang Yeshe got many privileges from Kangxi and Yongzheng emperors, was invited to Beijing and even considered to be the regent for the Dalai Lama VII. Lobsang Yeshe played a mediating role in a number of internal and external conflicts, recognized the incarnations of the three Dalai Lamas, enhance the government in Tashilhunpo, and generally played a prominent role in the history of Tibeto-Qing relations.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):315-323
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North-Eastern India (NER) as an example of “clash of civilizations”
Mikhailov S.A.
Abstract

This article attempts to analyze the current situation in North-Eastern India (NER) in the light of well-known concept “clash of civilizations” developed by S. Huntington (the American political scientist and proponent of the modern version of the civilizational approach to History). One may say that even a superficial glance at NER problems demonstrates a very characteristic example of the visual manifestation of this concept. The relevance of the work implies the possibilities of practical application of this concept for the analysis of India and NER existing ethnic and religious problems as well as the best ways to solve them. The author (besides S. Huntington’s work “Clash of civilizations”) used the works of the Russian indologists - S. Baranov (“Separatism in India”), B. Klyuyev (“Religion and conflict in India”), K. Likhachev (“Ethnic separatism in NER: old problems in the new century”) and the book of the Indian specialist on separatism in NER S. Bhaumik (“Troubled periphery: crisis of India’s North East”) as well as other sources.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):324-337
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Ideas and politics in history
Regional Security in South-East Asia in the Context of American “Indo-Pacific Region” Project
Rogozhina N.G.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the position of the countries of South-East Asia on the construction of security architecture in the region within the framework of the Indo-Pacific region project in the format promoted by the USA. The article examines in detail the factors that determine the attitude of Southeast Asian countries to the American doctrine of “free and open Indo-Pacific”, which they assess as strategically risky and leading to deformation of the existing security system in the region with the loss of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) its central role in ensuring its stability. The response of the Southeast Asian countries to external challenges was the formation of their own concept Asean’s - "Outlook On The Indo-Pacific, which reflects their views on the nature of the relationship within the emerging community. The author analyzes in detail the content of the ASEAN doctrine, which emphasizes the promotion of economic cooperation between the countries of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, in contrast to the geostrategic orientation of the American concept. Three main areas of cooperation are distinguished - maritime cooperation, the development of connectivity and interaction in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Offering such a format for engaging, ASAEN countries proceed from the need to strengthen trust between countries as the most important condition for maintaining peace and order in the region based on the traditional principles of ASEAN. These include: openness, transparency, inclusiveness, rules-based world order anchored on international law, respect for sovereignty, non-interference, equality, mutual trust and respect. ASEAN’s position remains unchanged in maintaining its central role in the evolution of the regional security architecture. Speaking from the position of multirealism, ASEAN sees a way to overcome the conflict of interests in the region in the context of escalating rivalry between the US and China, in creating a synergistic security system based on mechanisms associated with ASEAN. In the ASEAN concept, India-Pacific Region appears as a region of dialogue and cooperation, rather than competition, open to participation of China in the project. The author comes to the conclusion that such format is justified both from the point of view of strategic interests of the countries of Southeast Asia and the whole region, if the relations within it are based on the principles advocated by ASEAN. However, as the author emphasizes, the project proposed by the Southeast Asian countries raises many questions, the main of which is its feasibility in the context of the emerging split of the region along the axis of US-China rivalry for leadership in Asia. Nevertheless, as the author notes, the tendency to strengthen economic cooperation between the countries located in the basin of two oceans creates the basis for the growth of their interest in developing a stable security architecture.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):338-353
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«China-Vietnam-India» format in the South-China sea in the context of regional security
Ponka T.I., Kuklin N.S., Dubrovsky I.R.
Abstract

This article is devoted to the role of the territorial dispute in the South China sea in relations between China, Vietnam and India in the regional subsystem of Southeast Asia. The regional space under consideration is characterized by high economic dynamism and active integration processes, including participation of non-regional actors. Particular importance is attached to the positions of the three States on fundamental aspects that have a destructive impact on the development of regional processes. Attention is paid to the conceptualization of the policy of the three States in the waters of this sea. Following consideration of the problems the authors conclude that the intersection of the interests of the three countries in this sea threatens to exacerbate the fragility of the political and strategic landscape of the regional subsystem, registration open, but citizenries order on the space of the SCS. The article notes that the confrontational tone in relations between China, Vietnam and India brings with it many threats, in particular the clash of state interests in the energy plane, the arms race between the three nuclear powers (USA, India, China), which was accompanied by increased military presence of non-regional player (USA) in the region, complicated by territorial and historical conflicts.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):354-371
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The essence and specificity of the Eurasian doctrine of Askar Akayev
Bakina E.A.
Abstract

The article discusses the Eurasian doctrine of Askar Akayev, the president of Kyrgyzstan in 1991-2005. This is a very little studied problem in Russian historiography. Meanwhile, A. Akayev developed and largely implemented in practice a harmonious philosophical and political concept. This article is intended to fill this gap. The place of Russia in the geopolitical concept of A. Akayev deserves special attention, which emphasizes the importance and central role of Russia in Eurasian integration, which never acted as a colonial power, but was a center of attraction for the multinational people of the Russian Empire, the USSR and the Russian Federation.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):372-379
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“The looters are just expropriating what they would otherwise have bought...”. Towards the phenomenology of contemporary protest in the United States
Voronin S.A., Yakemenko B.G.
Abstract

The article analyzes the phenomenon of social protests that swept the United States in 2020. The article considers the evolution of the concepts of “sacrifice” and “redemption” in the modern public consciousness of the USA and Europe. The author analyzes the cause-and-effect relationships of what is happening, the phenomena accompanying the protests, in particular, looting, which is perceived by the protesters not as a marginal phenomenon, but as a necessary condition for restoring social justice.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):380-389
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Antique world
Agrarian Law 111 BC e. as a historical source
Konyukhov V.A.
Abstract

The article treats of one of the most important monuments of Republic Rome history - the epigraphic agrarian law 111 BC. The purpose of this source-studying paper is an integrated characteristic of this monument as an historical source. The author describes the monument externally, shows the history of it’s reconstruction, raises the issue of it’s attribution, and assesses it’s relevance as a source on a number of aspects of the life of Ancient Rome.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):390-398
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HISTORIOGRAPHICAL STUDY
Study of Dagestan through the 9th-13th centuries Arabic sources in historiography of Russian and overseas scholars
Gizbulaev M.A.
Abstract

The article reviews main works of Russian and foreign authors devoted to the study of the history of medieval Dagestan based on Arabic sources of the 9th-13th centuries on a chronological basis. The Dagestan society political and social life, historical geography, islamization of the region were these and other questions under the focus of these scholars who had developed them on the basis of the in-depth study and knowledge of Arabic historical and geographical sources. The scientific novelty of the paper is determined by the fact that in this work a comparative study of the literature throughout the 19th and early 21st centuries, belonging to the Russian and foreign historiography on “Dagestan according to the Arab authors of the 9th-13th centuries”, is carried out. The material presented in the article makes it possible to see the source-study outcomes of scholars in studying the history of medieval Dagestan from early Arabic sources, and shows different aspects of the problem which need further development.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):399-411
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Reviews
Review of the Book Maria F. Vidiassova “Tunisia. Route to the XXI Century”. (M.: Sadra, 2018)
Zueva E.G., Kudelin A.A.
Abstract

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RUDN Journal of World History. 2020;12(4):412-416
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