Vol 11, No 4 (2019)

Oriental Studies
Problematics of Saints Cult in Works of Jadidist-Theolologians of the Late XVIII and the Early XX cc
Seidametov E.K.
Abstract

The article deals with the analysis of the problems of the cult of saints in the religious views of the greatest Tatar Jadid - theologians of the late 18th and the early 20th centuries. The research aims to investigate the views of Abdennacer Kursawe, Shihab Al-din al-Marjani, Galimjan Barudi, Rizaetdin Fakhretdin, Musa Jarullah Bigiev. The scholars searched the reasons for the crucial decline that involved the Muslim peoples, they believed that the only way out was the correction of Muslim beliefs, the refusal of religious innovations and the return to the Holy Quran and Sunnah. They criticized various manifestations of ignorance and superstition as well as some traditions that, in their opinion, were contrary to the canons of Islam and prevented the progress of Muslims. The Jadids supported the reform of the education system, the study of worldly sciences, the borrowing and use of global scientific and technological and other achievements. The similar position of Tatar theologians contributed to the formation of Islamic cultural values and present new ways for Russian Muslims to unify to the achievements of the world civilization.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):283-296
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Forming the image of Other: Religion in the Geopolitical Maps Around Jungar and Kalmyk Khanates
Kitinov B.U.
Abstract

The first third of XVIII century was very important for Kalmyks and Jungars. The political affairs, where Kalmyks, Russians, Jungars and Manchus as well as the external issues have been communicated, had been closely related with the religious matters, led to intensification of regional political processes. In Kalmyk khanate the Buddhist affairs were under the supervision of the famous Shakur Lama, and it was during his rule when the Islamic issue had had some importance, because it had been closely related with the plan to establish the Kalmyk-Crimean khanate (perhaps, initially the Ottomans’ idea). In Jungaria the situation was even more complex due to the policy of Qing, when the leaders of this khanate were accused in conversion to Islam. The rare word “Thomkar” from Russian archival materials illustrates very special skill of Qing officials - it was “created” for Jungars to define them as being “converted” to Islam. The meaning of all these events allow to suppose, that religion at the time under consideration became the state tool for implementation of the virtual geopolitical maps to change the “usual” image of someone into “necessary” “enemy face”.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):297-304
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The Expansion of Chinese Business in Myanmar and Sino-Myanmar Relations (1988-1990)
Volosyuk O.V., Phyo Naing W.Y.
Abstract

This article deals with the evolution of Sino-Myanmar relations in the late 1980s as a result of the Chinese economic expansion. The “8888 Uprising” of August 1988 was suppressed be the military who retook power in the country. Condemning the repressions of the military government, Western countries and Japan sharply reduced aid to Burma. India closed borders and set up refugee camps along its border with Burma. This situation led to the almost complete isolation of Burma in the international community. China appeared as the only strategic ally of the country in the region. According to the official statistics, Chinese businesses were significantly expanded in Myanmar in 1988-1990. However, despite the remarkable improvement in trade dialogue, problems such as migrants and unbalanced trade emerged, creating fissures in Sino-Myanmar ties. The article examines various cases which caused a negative attitude of the people of Myanmar towards the Chinese and even led to the emergence of a term such as Sinophobia .

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):305-314
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Problems of the modern society and ethnic separatism in North-Eastern India (NER)
Mikhailov S.A.
Abstract

This article deals with the issue of North-Eastern India, its current social and economic problems in the context of long-term demonstrations of the ethnic separatism. The main aim of the research implies systematic analysis and identification of key factors and reasons perpetuating separatism in NER as well as resource search which determines Indian strategy in solving this problem. The first part of the article is devoted to separatism peculiarities in the region which remains withdrawn and underexplored in many respects. Apart from this, the author provides a quite detailed analysis of negative mentality of the certain part of NER population which justifiably reproaches New Delhi for “discrimination” and inability to solve many problems of the region. Then the author paid the detailed attention to these problems of NER modern society (ethnic, demographic, economic, transport, social etc.) as well as measures undertaken by the Indian government for its settlement.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):315-328
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Documents and publications
«Memoirs for the Training of the Dauphin» of Louis XIV: Historical Document and «Pedagogical Tools»
Korchagina N.V.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the literary heritage of king Louis XIV. Analyzing the "Memoirs for the education of the Dauphin", "Reflections on the craft of the king" and "Advice to the Duke of Anjou" of Louis XIV, the author presents them as "pedagogical tools" of the monarch, classifying the contents of the memoir works of the king on several conventional subject headings: 1) opinion about the place of the ruler in society, about the difficulties of "king’s metier ", about the authority of the Royal power; 2) tips for building relationships with people who are in submission; 3) reflections on work and motivation for it, about diligence, perseverance and discipline; 4) General remarks about the idea of a person about himself, about moral values. For each of the headings, quotes in the original author's translation into Russian are selected, the justification of their expediency in modern socio-cultural conditions is given. The relevance of the ideas expressed by Louis XIV in his literary heritage is confirmed by their similarity to the well-known educational concepts of recent time.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):329-340
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The Edict of Fontainebleau or the Revocation (1685)
Novoderzhkin N.A., Popova E.A.
Abstract

The article deals with the edict of Fontainebleau, signed by Louis XIV on October 17, 1685 and registered five days later by the Paris Parliament, which drew a line under the policy of religious tolerance in France at that time. The text of the edict is published in Russian for the first time (Annex № 1). Thanks to Henry IV and his edict of Nantes (1598), France became the only country that legally recognized religious dissociation, which allowed to complete the religious war that exhausted the state. The edict of Nantes was called "eternal" and "irrevocable". Edict Fontainebleau, who abolished it, initiated a gradual transfer of leadership from France to the UK and, more broadly, to the Anglo-Saxon world. This transition was accompanied by a change in the model of governance in France: the decline of the absolute monarchy and attempts to establish a constitutional monarchy.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):341-350
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Political history of Europe
Participation of Britain and its role in the elaboration of the London Inter-Allied Conference’s decisions on the “Russian question” (December 11-13, 1919)
Mironyuk S.A.
Abstract

The London Inter-Allied Conference on the "Russian question" (December 11-13, 1919) is rarely mentioned by historians, but a landmark event in the history of British participation in foreign intervention in Russia - and in a broad sense an interesting phenomenon in world history. During the Conference in London participants - Britain, Italy, USA, France and Japan - discussed the future of the intervention and in general a new foreign policy strategy regarding Russia in the context of the evident Bolsheviks’ victory in the Civil War and the formation of a new system of international relations after the First World War, in which it was necessary to determine the position of Russia. The approaches and methods adopted in London, as practice shows, seem to be currently relevant. The purpose of this article is to analyze the participation of Britain and determine its role in the development of decisions of the London Inter-Allied Conference on the "Russian question" on the basis of previously uninvolved documents of the Cabinet of Ministers and the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as well as sources of personal origin. The decisions of the London Conference on the "Russian question" put an end to largescale military assistance to the White movement and thus contributed to the end of the Russian Civil War. The British government played a key role in producing the decisions of the London Conference. The Government had prepared thoroughly for the Conference and had proposed its draft decisions.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):351-360
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Political Asylum as a Source of Problems and Paradoxes in the EU
Ezhov I.M.
Abstract

The prolonged migration crisis in Europe has led not only to social upheaval on the continent, but also to reforms in the migration law. The author analyzes the origins and foundations of political asylum as a major aspect of international law and its impact on the development of the migration crisis in Europe. The author uses a combination of a systemic, comparative and historical (historicalgenetic) methods. The aim of the study is to identify characteristic features and analyze the history of the development of the procedure for granting political asylum by European countries and the impact of the right to asylum on the entire migration policy of Europe. The study is interdisciplinary in nature at the intersection of the theory and history of international relations, law, sociology and political science.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):361-369
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Reviews
Review of the Book Vasiliy A. Kuznecov “Secret Tunisian Tropes: to Live Telling the Revolution”. (M., 2018)
Zueva E.G., Kudelin A.A.
Abstract

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RUDN Journal of World History. 2019;11(4):370-374
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