No 1 (2016)

Articles
BYZANTINE HERITAGE AND THE DEVIATION OF THE WESTERN PROJECT
Voronin S.A.
Abstract
The author refers to the study of Western axiological project from the Renaissance, the Reformation and the Enlightenment to the neo-liberal globalization. He wondered whether the Western vector of the globalization only. Based on the historical experience of the Byzantine Empire and Russia as the successor to the Byzantine heritage, the author concludes that the Western project of putting ideology, turned into eastern and Russian, with the rate of economic development and civil liberties - the Western.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):5-10
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LESSONS OF CHAVEZ: THE BOLIVARIAN REFORMISM
Ivanov N.S.
Abstract
The article analyses reforms of Hugo Chavez (1954-2013, president of Venezuela in 1999-2013). Three years after his death, analyzing his policies, reforms and contribution to the development of the state and nation, we can admit that Chavez was one of the prominent international politicians and public figures of the turn of XX-XXI centuries. He was not only the most influential geopolitical ally of Russia in the Western hemisphere. Reforms of Chávez demonstrate the example of the combination of patriotism, courage and common sense, devotion to his country and its people. The article analyzes the ideological and political origins Chavez’s strategy, his unique “triad” - the combination of religious faith, support of the army and the pursuit of social justice. The author discloses the essence of profound transformations in domestic politics - constitutional reform, nationalization of the oil industry, mining and extraction of raw materials, electricity grids, large-scale projects to improve the social situation of citizens, education and medicine, agrarian reform.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):11-20
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MEXICAN REVOLUTIONARY AFFAIRS AS SEEN BY RUSSIAN WITNESSES (1910-1914)
Manukhin A.A.
Abstract
In the first decades of the 20th century several countries underwent turbulent revolutionary change. In this respect it is interesting to trace how the representatives of one of these states perceived affairs in the other. The article deals with the Mexican revolutionary experience as seen by Russian diplomatists, military agents and journalists. For the reasons of their responsibilities, the diplomatists and the military mostly concentrated on political change and war potential; the journalists were concerned with everyday life and mentality of the people. While the first two categories were mainly conservative, the last usually held a liberal position. Much attention is paid to the role the United States played in the Mexican revolution, which shows a wide range of views on American foreign policy and reflects important stereotypes. It is concluded that the Russian subjects and emigrants only slightly noticed the similarity between the two countries, causing some trouble during the rapprochement after the Russian revolution.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):21-30
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SPANISH COUP OF JULY 1936 AND F. FRANCO’S MILITARY AND POLITICAL RAISE TO POWER AT THE BEGGINING OF THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR
Glazov A.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the problem of general Francisco Franco’s raise to power at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. Analyzing the circumstances under which the future dictator came to power the author attempts to detect the factors that favor his appointment as the Commander-in-Chief and the Head of Government of the rebel-controlled zone. The author shows how initially general Franco managed to take advantage of his authority over the Army of Africa and reputation among officers.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):31-38
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NIGHT PROCESSION ON PANATHENAIA
Gvozdeva T.B.
Abstract
This article analyzes the role and place of night marchers in the structure Panathenaia. Night rally began with a torch run Athens efebos, which brought the fire on the altar of Athena. This contest was connected with the mythology of the Athenian autochthonous Erichthonios and three sisters Cecropides - Aglaura, Padrosa and Herses. During the night of the procession (pannuchis) was held the music festival, the Athens boys and girls who sang hymns in honor of Athena. This musical feast was reflected in the tragedies of Aeschylus and Euripides. Also, important was the ritual of Arrephoroi, which was associated with the mythology Cecropides. However, the main task of the night Panathenaic procession was associated with civil oath efebos, which brought her to the sanctuary of the goddess Aglaura (V century BC), and later in the sanctuary other Cecropides - Pandrosa and Kourotropha (IV century BC). This oath was the expression of a number of Patriotic myths associated with the motive of duty to the Athens.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):39-49
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MODERNIZATION MODEL: CHINEESE TYPE
Sizikova V.А.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the analyses of the Chinese modernization specifics. The author analyses a ‘socialistic modernization’ as a multi-level concept which should be analyzed at the theoretical (methodology) level, as well as at the political program level and at the practical implementation level. This approach allows the author to examine the Chinese modernization model which includes the features of socialism with Chinese specifics (based on the Marxism theory), economical determinism (based on the concept of the empirical approach) and as well the traditional influence of the Confucius ideas (like the ‘xiao kang’, idea of the ‘small welfare society’). The western technology of state reformation and modernization completes the ‘Chinese modernization’ model with the principles of capitalism and transforms this model into the modernization of the unique type.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):50-58
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THE RISE OF CONFUCIANISM IN SINGAPORE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20 CENTURY
Gorbunova T.A.
Abstract
In the context of the successful development of Russian-Chinese and Russian-Singapore relations, it is very important to pay attention to the historical and cultural institutions that exist in the region. Confucianism - is philosophical and religious teaching, which had a huge impact on China and its immediate neighbors, including South-East Asia. Moreover, in Singapore, as well as in other countries in the region, lives a multi-million Chinese diaspora, in whose hands are concentrated significant financial and economic resources. China is not only an economic leader in the Asia-Pacific region, but also the reference point for all Chinese living in these countries, which causes a corresponding rise of ethnic consciousness. The article concerns to the rise of the national movement in Singapore at the beginning of the 20 century and one of its major figures - Lim Boon Kang. The author also makes an attempt to give a general description of the socio-economic situation of Chinese, Malay and Indian communities. A special attention is directed to Confucianism as an incentive to rise of national consciousness among the Chinese ethnic group living outside of China.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):59-64
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THE HISTORY OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SINO-GERMAN RELATIONS IN THE 18TH - MID-20TH CENTURIES
Tsvyk A.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the historical review of Sino-German relations in the 18th - mid-20th centuries. Sino-German relations were formally established in in the mid 19 century, when Prussia and the Qing Empire’s China concluded the first Sino-German treaty (treaty of Tianjin). The author gives a retrospective of major events in Sino-German relations in the 19th - mid-20th centuries and analyzes their influence on the relations between the two countries. The article also highlights the development of military-technical cooperation between the Kuomintang China and Germany and the current balance of power in the Asia-Pacific region before the World war II.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):65-71
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QING SOURCES ABOUT THE DALAI LAMAS OF TIBET (MID. XVII - XVIII CENTURIES)
Lyulina A.G.
Abstract
The strengthening of political ties between China and Tibet begins during their stay of the Manchu rulers of Aisin Gioro Clan or the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) in the Chinese throne. A key role in this process was played by the emperors relationships with senior lamas of Tibetan Buddhism and major influence of the Dalai Lama V, VI and VIII. Article devoted to the review of written sources on the history of the Qing Empire in the middle of the XVII - the second half of the XVIII century, which reflect the details of the first contacts in China and Tibet and the development of relations between the two countries with the mediation of the Dalai Lama. Such sources include dynastic chronicles, collections of legislative texts, inscriptions on stone stelae and travel notes. The author also paid attention to the most famous updated and reprinted collections of historical materials on the history of the Qing of the XVII-XVIII century.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):72-79
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REQUIUM THE ADVERB BVORO. Can languages be dead with living media?
Negusie K.M., Davydov V.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the protection of the languages of small Nations in the wider context of the conservation of the spiritual heritage of the Planet of people. The authors analyze the practice of supranational institutions, the scientific community and private initiatives savings lexical diversity of the world.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):80-90
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OUR AUTHORS
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of World History. 2016;(1):91-92
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