ON THE ISSUE OF THE EARLY INTERACTIONS OF THE MANCHU RULERS WITH TIBETAN LAMAS

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Abstract


The article is devoted to the study of the early connections of the Manchu rulers with the highest leadership of Tibetan Buddhism. Probably, the countdown should be conducted from the 1620s, when the Manchus intensified their interaction with the Mongolian peoples (Chakhars), where the Tibetan lamas already had strong positions. Further development of Buddhism among the Manchus happened due to the important political events: the coming of the Dalai Lama to power in Tibet in 1642, and the seizure of Beijing by a new Qing dynasty in 1644. For the new rulers of China, lamas had been of the fundamental importance, because, thanks to their support, the Manchus have had the right to claim succession of the government (the “mandate of Heaven”) from the Mongol Yuan dynasty, and at the same time, they were able to “appease” the Mongols. Apparently, after a visit to Beijing by the Dalai Lama in 1652, a new phase of the relationship between emperors and lamas began, which brought the Qing China to clashes with the Dzhungar Oirats.


About the authors

B U Kitinov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: kitinov@mail.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russia

PhD in History, Associate Professor of the Department of World History, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Liu Qiang

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: triumph117@rambler.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russia

postgraduate student, The Department of World History Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

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