THE PROBLEM OF GENDER VOTING IN THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC

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Abstract


The article is devoted to the problem of gender vote in the Weimar republic: what were political preferences of the German women of that period, who only had acquired the right to vote under the new constitution. Actuality of such research is caused by the opposite points of view among researchers in a question whow women voted for the main parties of the republic, and also in connection with the forthcoming of 100-year anniversary of formation of the Weimar state. In spite of the fact that the German statistics was one of the best in the world during the considered period, in available data there is a set of gaps that creates a problem of their interpretation and the general conclusions. The author comes to conclusions, 1) that on two Reichstag’s elections in 1924, parliamentary elections of 1928 and 1930 male and female votes for SDPG, NSDAP and GPP were divided approximately equally; 2) the biggest share of female votes was received by Zentrum party, and as concerns GNPP and the share of female voices prevailing over male voices it is possible to speak about that only before elections of 1924 inclusive, but not after; 3) throughout all history of the Weimar republic the Communist Party of Germany had a prevalence of votes of men over female votes.


About the authors

Eduard E Shults

Center of Political and Social Technologies

Author for correspondence.
Email: nuap1@yandex.ru
55/1/45 Bol’shaya Filevskaia St., Moscow, 121433, Russian Federation

PhD in Historical Sciences, Director at the Center of Political and Social Technologies

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