Canadian Foreign Policy at the First Half of the Twentieth Century: From Dominion to Commonwealth

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Abstract


This article discusses the way of Canada from the dominion to Commonwealth at the first half of the XX century. A special attention is paid to the imperial idea, the attainment of Canadian foreign policy sovereignty. The author comes to the conclusion that the trend of Canada’s commitment to the imperial idea, was lasting and defined the nature of Canada’s foreign policy in the first half of the XX century This idea was based also on the understanding of the traditional two-party system and a common Anglo-Saxon political culture. On the contrary, in the interwar period, 1919-1939, and after the Second world war, Canada gained sovereignty in foreign policy, primarily due to the Statute of Westminster 1931, and the Imperial Charter in 1949 which recorded the formation of the Commonwealth of Nations instead of the British Colonial Empire. After coming to power of the Сonservative government of B. Mulroney in 1984, Canada has strengthened its sovereignty and headed for Continentalism, i.e. the strengthening of Canadian-American trade relations, which were implemented in the agreements FTA with the US, NAFTA with USA and Mexico.


About the authors

A N Komarov

Russian State University of Humanities

Author for correspondence.
Email: ruslan10@inbox.ru
6 Miusskaya Square, Moscow, Russia, GSP-3, 125993

References

  1. Imperial Policy. A Statement of Conservative Policy for the British Empire and Commonwealth. London, June 1949; Statute of Westminister, 1931; Borden, R. Canada in the Commonwealth. From Conflict to Cooperation. Oxford. 1929. 144 p.; King, W.L.M. Canada and the Fight for Freedom. New-York, 1944.
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  6. Statute of Westminister, 1931.
  7. See: Imperial Policy. A Statement of Conservative Policy for the British Empire and Commonwealth. London, June 1949.
  8. Ageeva I.A. Politicheskaya Istoriya Kanady. m., 2013. S. 144; Danilov S.Yu. Istoriya Kanady. Moskva., ves mir. S. 131.
  9. King, W. L. M. Canada and the Fight for Freedom. New-York, 1944.
  10. Komarov A.N. Kanada v Sisteme Globalnogo Mezhdunarodnogo Sotrudnichestva na Rubezhe XX–XXI vv. Vestnik Rggu. ser. «Politologiya. Istoriya. Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya. Zarubezhnoe Regionovedenie. Vostokovedenie. № 2 (8). 2017. S. 61–68.

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