THE INFLUENCE OF THE ARAB RENAISSANCE (AN-NAHDA) ON THE IDEOLOGY OF “MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD”

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Abstract


In the article the authors show the relationship between the ideology of Islamic reformism of the era of the Arab Renaissance (an-Nahda) and the organization “Muslim brotherhood”. To achieve this goal considered the views of the most representative authors of the period of Nahda: Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Muhammad Abdu and Rashid Rida. To analyse the concept of “Muslim Brothers” were involved in the texts of one of the most important ideologues of the movement of Sayyid Qutb. As comparative material used Internet resources, analysis of which shows that the “Muslim brotherhood” in modern political rhetoric has largely moved away from radical views of S. Qutb. At the same time, it should be noted that the views of S. Qutb, had a significant influence on the formation of ideologies of other Islamic organizations, including terroristic organizations. In general, the ideology of the movement “Muslim brotherhood” is currently continuing on the path of Muslim reformism, but she continues to adjust to time under the influence of necessity.


N M Badawi

nadia_bd@mail.ru
<p>Peoples&rsquo; Friendship University of Russia</p>

Miklukho-Maklay St., 10a, Moscow, Russia, 117198

A A Kudelin

andkudelin@mail.ru
<p>Peoples&rsquo; Friendship University of Russia</p>

Miklukho-Maklay St., 10a, Moscow, Russia, 117198

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