THE ADAPTATIONAL PROBLEMS OF THE “SOVIET SPANIARDS” REPATRIATION (SINCE 1956 TO PRESENT)

Abstract


The article is dedicated to the repatriation problems of Spanish emigration representatives who found themselves in the USSR during and after the Civil war (1936-1939) that had done with the Second Republic defeat. The paper addresses the outstanding features of the adaptational processes primarily related with economic and legal aspects of the “soviet Spaniards” repatriation. The author sees fit to mark among them the problems of citizenship, housing law, employment and pension provision in view of repatriates age at different stages of their return to Spain. This paper concentrates not only on concrete actions realized by national government and local authorities but also on projects came from the repatriates themselves, many of which were really implemented by Spanish officials. Also left is to the reader a short structural composition of the Spanish emigration to the USSR and periodization of repatriation process with an indication of every stage distinctive features.


A Arturovich Arutiunov

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
artemio.arutiunov@gmail.com
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia Mikluho-Maklay St., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

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