Features of the political field of ‘strong’ and ‘weak’ power: Acceptable limits

Cover Page

Abstract


The article considers the features of the political field of ‘strong’ and ‘weak’ power, and social institutions and structures that influence the transformation process. The authors propose a new reading of the concept of ‘political field’, and its main characteristics are the status roles of subjects, configuration of space, nature of the relationship of opposing forces, and methods for preserving the priorities of the opposing subjects. The article identifies interaction problems between the government and the opposition, mechanisms of power retention, tendencies and prospects for the development of the political field of ‘weak’ and ‘strong’ power under crises, global instability and government mistakes that lead to dramatic changes in the public opinion. The authors note that clashes in the political field restructure the political space in a new way, which is due to both peculiarities of the historical development and the social-economic and political situation. Transformations of the post-Soviet world are not complete, and the transition of post-Soviet countries to the sustainable development is possible only by adaptation to new realities. The peculiarity of the political field is the constant confrontation of its subjects: the more unstable the political field, the higher the unpredictability of events and the role of the leader. In the contemporary state, there is always a danger of destabilization due to information wars and new forms of influence on the mass consciousness, values and behavior. The empirical basis of the article are monitoring sociological studies conducted from 1987 to identify the level of social tension and political stability, ‘fullness’ of the political space, rankings of politicians, etc.


About the authors

A. N Danilov

Belarusian State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: a.danilov@tut.by
Kalvarijskaja St., 9, Minsk, 220004, Belarus

D. G Rotman

Center for Sociological and Political Studies of the Belarusian State University

Email: dgrotman@rambler.ru
Akademicheskaya St., 25, Minsk, 220072, Belarus

References

  1. Galbraith: vozvrashchenie [Galbraith: The Return]. Pod red. S.D. Bodrunova. Moscow; 2017 (In Russ.).
  2. Danilov A.N. Vlast i obshchestvo: poisk novoy garmonii [Power and Society: In Search for New Harmony]. Minsk; 1998 (In Russ.).
  3. Danilov A.N., Rotman D.G. Prioritet myagkoy sily v destabilizatsii sovremennogo sotsiuma (na primere Respubliki Belarus) [The priority of soft power in the destabilization of the contemporary society (on the example of the Republic of Belarus)]. Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2019; 2 (In Russ.).
  4. Danilov A.N., Rotman D.G., Postalovsky A.V., Buzovsky I.I. Osobennosti sotsiologicheskoy diagnostiki informatsionnogo polya Respubliki Belarus [Features of the sociological diagnostics of the media field in the Republic of Belarus]. RUDN Journal of Sociology. 2018; 18 (3) (In Russ.).
  5. Zinoviev A.A. Russky eksperiment [Russian Experiment]. Moscow; 1995 (In Russ.).
  6. Ivanyuto O.V. Politicheskie tsennosti [Political values]. Tsennostny mir sovremennogo cheloveka: proekt “Issledovanie evropeyskikh tsennostey”, volna-2018. Pod red. D.M. Bulynko, D.G. Rotmana. Minsk; 2019 (In Russ.).
  7. Castells M. Vlast kommunikatsii [Communication Power]. Moscow; 2016 (In Russ.).
  8. Kolodko Gzhegozh V. Globalizatsiya, transformatsiya, krizis — chto dalshe? [Globalization, Transformation, Crisis — What’s Next?]. Moscow; 2015 (In Russ.).
  9. Metody sotsiologicheskogo izucheniya osobennostey funktsionirovaniya politicheskogo polya [Methods for the Sociological Study of the Peculiarities of the Political Field Functioning]. Pod red. D.G. Rotmana, V.V. Pravdivtsa. Minsk; 2007 (In Russ.).
  10. Rotman D.G., Pravdivets V.V., Belov A.A. Elektoralnye sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya: organizatsiya oprosa v den vyborov (ekzitpol) [Electoral sociological research: Organization of the poll on the election day (exit poll)]. Zhurnal BGU. Sotsiologiya. 2015; 3 (In Russ.).
  11. Sovremennoe belorusskoe obshchestvo: sotsiologicheskoe prochtenie [Contemporary Belarusian Society: Sociological Interpretation]. Pod obshch. red. A.N. Danilova, D.G. Rotmana. Minsk; 2018 (In Russ.).
  12. Sorokin P. Sotsiologiya revolyutsii [Sociology of revolution]. Chelovek. Tsivilizatsiya. Obshchestvo. Moscow; 1992 (In Russ.).
  13. Sotsiologiya Yadova: metodologichesky razgovor [Sociology of Yadov: Methodological Conversation]. Red.-sost. E.N. Danilova, L.A. Kozlova, P.M. Kozyreva, O.A. Oberemko. Moscow; 2019 (In Russ.).
  14. Stepin V.S. Tsivilizatsiya v epokhu peremen: poisk novykh strategiy razvitiya [Civilization in the era of change: In search for new development strategies]. Zhurnal BGU. Sotsiologiya. 2017; 3 (In Russ.).
  15. Toshchenko Zh.T. Obshchestvo travmy: mezhdu evolyutsiey i revolyutsiey (opyt teoreticheskogo i empiricheskogo analiza) [Society of Trauma: Between Evolution and Revolution (A Theoretical-Empirical Analysis)]. Moscow; 2020 (In Russ.).
  16. Fedorov V.V. Russky vybor. Vvedenie v teoriyu elektoralnogo povedeniya [Russian Choice. Introduction to the Theory of Electoral Behavior.]. Moscow; 2010 (In Russ.).
  17. Sharp G. Ot diktatury k demokratii [From Dictatorship to Democracy]. Yekaterinburg; 2005 (In Russ.).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 371

PDF (Russian) - 347

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Danilov A.N., Rotman D.G.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies