Perspectives of the Russian information society: Digital divide levels

Cover Page

Abstract


The article considers features and trends of the information society development in Russia through the analysis of various aspects of its digitalization including the strategic task of reducing the digital divide. Since the second half of the 20th century the digital divide develops as a new form of social inequality determined by information-communication technologies. Today there is no single approach to the conceptualization of the digital divide (digital inequality). Usually, as a methodological basis for the analysis of digital inequality, researchers use a three-level model of the digital divide: (1) the difference in access to new information technologies (availability or lack of material resources) such as special devices (smartphones, computers, etc.) and also availability of Internet access and its quality (speed, price, etc.); (2) the difference in skills necessary for the effective use of information technologies (ability to get access to content, to produce it, to be an active participant of interaction)’ (3) life chances and opportunities determined by information technologies, which are most difficult to measure due to digitization of certain spheres of society. Digitalization is a priority for the strategic development of the Russian society which includes the use of digital technologies in main spheres of social life (education, healthcare, etc.) and changes in the ways of interaction between society and the state (“e-government”). Based on the data of statistics and research for 2015-2017, the authors consider perspectives to overcome the digital divide under the development of information society in Russia and identify main risks and negative consequences of attempts to accelerate its digitalization.


About the authors

D E Dobrinskaya

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: darya.dobrinskaya@gmail.com
Leninskiye Gory, 1, Moscow, Russia, 119991

T S Martynenko

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: ts.martynenko@gmail.com
Leninskiye Gory, 1, Moscow, Russia, 119991

References

  1. Volchenko O.V. Dinamika tsifrovogo neravenstva v Rossii [Dynamics of digital inequality in Russia]. Monitoring Obshchestvennogo Meniya: Ekonomicheskie i Sotsialnye Peremeny. 2016; 5 (In Russ.).
  2. Глоссарий по информационному обществу. М., 2009 / Glossariy po informatsionnomu obshchestvu [Glossary of Information Society]. Moscow; 2009 (In Russ.).
  3. Lyadova A.V., Lyadova M.V. Osobennosti formirovaniya vzaimootnosheny v sisteme vrach—patsiyent v sovremennykh usloviyakh [Features of ‘physician—patient’ relationship in contemporary society]. Sotsiologiya Meditsiny. 2016; 15 (2) (In Russ.).
  4. Osipova N.G. Neravenstvo v epokhu globalizatsii: sushchnost, instituty, regionalnaya spetsifika i dinamika [Inequality in the era of globalization: Essence, institutions, regional diversity and dynamics]. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriya 18: Sotsiologiya i Politologiya. 2014; 2 (In Russ.).
  5. Podvedeny itogi raboty Edinogo portala gosuslug v 2017 godu [The results of the work of the Unified portal of public services in 2017]. http://minsvyaz.ru/ru/events/37879 (In Russ.).
  6. Polzovateli sotsialnykh setey v Rossii: Issledovanie [Social media users in Russia: A study]. https://rusability.ru/downloads/ rwp_vk_2015.pdf (In Russ.).
  7. Polyakova N.L. Teoriya sotsialnogo neravenstva v sotsiologii 20 veka. Transformatsiya klassiki [Theory of social inequality in sociology of the 20th century. Transformation of the classic]. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriya 18: Sotsiologiya i Politologiya. 2014; 4 (In Russ.).
  8. Proniknoveniye Interneta v Rossii: itogi 2017 goda [Internet penetration in Russia: Results of 2017]. http://www.gfk.com/ ru/insaity/press-release/issledovanie-gfk-proniknovenie-interneta-v-rossii (In Russ.).
  9. Razvitiye Interneta v regionakh Rossii [Internet development in the regions of Russia]. https://yandex.ru/ company/researches/2016/ya_internet_ regions_2016#itogovyetablicy (In Russ.).
  10. Rossiya v reitinge razvitiya IKT: 2016 [Russia in the ICT Development Rating: 2016]. https://issek.hse.ru/data/2016/11/30/1112652859/NTI_N_ 30_30112016.pdf (In Russ.).
  11. Rossiya zanyala 38-e mesto po urovnyu vladeniya angliyskim yazykom [Russia ranked 38th in English proficiency]. https://rg.ru/2017/11/08/rossiia-zaniala-38-e-mesto-po-urovniu-vladeniia-anglijskim-iazykom.html (In Russ.).
  12. Strategiya razvitiya otrasli informatsionnykh tekhnologiy v Rossiyskoy Federatsii na 2014—2020 gody i na perspektivu do 2025 goda [Strategy for the development of the information technology industry in the Russian Federation for 2014—2020 and for the future until 2025]. http://minsvyaz.ru/uploaded/files/ Strategiya_razvitiya_otrasli_IT_2014-2020_2025 %5B1%5D.pdf (In Russ.).
  13. Topol E. Budushchee meditsiny: Vashe zdorovye v vashikh rukakh [Future of Medicine: Your Health is in Your Hands]. Moscow; 2016 (In Russ.).
  14. Trendy povedeniya rossiyan v internete v 2017 godu [Trends of the Russians’ behavior in the Internet in 2017]. http://www.gfk.com/ fileadmin/user_upload/dyna_content/RU/Documents/Press_Releases/2017/GfK_Rus_Press_Release_Spending_Time_On_The_Internet_in_Russia.pdf (In Russ.).
  15. Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 09.05.2017 g. No. 203 “O strategii razvitiya informatsionnogo obshchestva v Rossiyskoy Federatsii na 2017—2030 gody” [Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on 09.05.2017 No. 203 “On the Strategy for the Development of Information Society in the Russian Federation for 2017—2030”]. http://kremlin.ru/acts/bank/41919 (In Russ.).
  16. Tsifrovaya ekonomika maynit [Digital Economy Mines]. http://expert.ru/siberia/2017/41/tsifrovaya-ekonomika-majnit (In Russ.).
  17. Chakravorti B., Bkhalla A., Chaturvedi R.Sh. Samye tsifrovye strany mira [The most digital countries in the world]. http://hbr-russia.ru/innovatsii/trendy/p23271 (In Russ.).
  18. Barney D.D. The Network Society. Cambridge: Polity; 2004.
  19. Brandtzaeg P.B., Heim J., Karahasanovicá A. Understanding the new digital divide — A typology of Internet users in Europe. Journal of Human Computer Studies. 2010; 69.
  20. Castells M. The Rise of the Network Society: The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture: Vol. I. New Jersey—Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 1996.
  21. Deursen A. Van, Dijk J. Van. Internet skills and the digital divide. New Media & Society. 2010; 13 (6).
  22. Deursen A.J.A.M. Van, Helsper E., Eynon R., Dijk J. van. The compoundness and sequentiality of digital inequality. International Journal of Communication. 2017; 11.
  23. Dijk J. Van. The Deepening Divide: Inequality in the Information Society. California: Sage; 2005.
  24. Dimaggio P., Hargittai E. From the “Digital Divide” to “Digital Inequality”: Studying Internet Use as Penetration Increases. Working Paper No. 15. Princeton; 2001.
  25. Dimaggio P., Hargittai E., Celeste C., Shafer S. From Unequal Access to Differentiated Use: A Literature Review and Agenda for Research on Digital Inequality. Ed. by K. Neckerman. New York: Russel Sage Foundation; 2004.
  26. Europe Internet Usage Stats Facebook Subscribers and Population Statistics. http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats4.htm.
  27. Hargittai E. Second-level digital divide: Differences in people’s online skills. First Monday. 2002; 7 (4).
  28. Hassan R. Media, Politics and the Network Society. Glasgow: Open University Press; 2004.
  29. Helsper E.J. A corresponding fields model for the links between social and digital exclusion. Communication Theory. 2012; 22 (4).
  30. Hilbert M. The end justifies the definition: The manifold outlooks on the digital divide and their practical usefulness for policy-making. Telecommunications Policy. 2011; 35 (8).
  31. Jung J.Y., Qiu J.L., Kim Y.C. Internet connectedness and inequality: Beyond the “divide”. Communication Research. 2001; 28 (4).
  32. Measuring the Information Society: Report 2017. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/ Pages/publications/mis2017.aspx.
  33. Norris P. Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2001.
  34. OECD. Understanding the Digital Divide. http://www.oecd.org/sti/1888451.pdf.
  35. Osipova N., Polyakova N., Dobrinskaya D., Vershinina I., Martynenko T. Social inequality: recent trends. PONTE International Scientific Researches Journal. 2017; 73 (5).
  36. Ragnedda M. The Third Digital Divide: A Weberian Approach to Digital Inequalities. London: Routledge; 2017.
  37. Robinson L., Cotton Sh.R., Ono H., Quan-Haase A., Mesch G., Chen W., Schulz J., Hale T.M., Stern M.J. Digital inequalities and why they matter. Information Communication and Society. 2015; 18 (5).
  38. Rogers E.M. Diffusion of Innovations. New York: Free Press; 1995.
  39. Scheerder A., Deursen A. van, Dijk J. van. Determinants of Internet skills, use and outcomes. A systematic review of the second- and third-level digital divide. Telematics and Informatics. 2017; December.
  40. Selwyn N. Reconsidering political and popular understandings of the digital divide. New Media & Society. 2004; 6 (3).
  41. Selwyn N., Gorard S., Furlong J. Whose internet is it anyway? Exploring adults’ (non)use of the iInternet in everyday life. European Journal of Communication. 2005; 20 (1).
  42. Stern M.J., Adams A.E., Elsasser S. Digital inequality and place: The effects of technological diffusion on Internet proficiency and usage across rural, suburban, and urban counties. Sociological Inquiry. 2009; 79 (4).
  43. Steyaert J. Inequality and the digital divide: Myths and realities. Advocacy, Activism and the Internet. Ed. by S. Hick, J. McNutt. Chicago: Lyceum Press; 2002.
  44. Urry J. Global Complexity. London: Polity Press; 2003.
  45. Wellman B., Chen W. Minding the cyber-gap: the Internet and social inequality. The Blackwell Companion to Social Inequalities. Ed. by M. Romero, E. Margolis. New Jersey: Blackwell Publishing; 2005.
  46. World Internet Users Statistics and 2018 World Population. https://www.internetworldstats.com/ stats.htm.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 1788

PDF (Russian) - 682

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2019 Dobrinskaya D.E., Martynenko T.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies