No 1 (2015)

Articles
On the International Scientifc Conference “IV Novikovskiye Proceedings: Functional Semantics and Semiotocs of Sign Systems” - Moscow, PRUR, October, 28-30th, 2014
Denissenko V.N., Perfilieva N.V.
Abstract
28-30 октября 2014 г. на филологическом факультете Российского университета дружбы народов состоялась Международная научная конференция «IV Новиковские чтения: Функциональная семантика и семиотика знаковых систем», посвященная памяти выдающегося ученого, академика Международной академии наук высшей школы, доктора филологических наук, профессора Льва Алексеевича Новикова.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):7-10
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From Silence to Murmur and Speaking: On Poetic Langue, Langage and Parole
Severskaya O.I.
Abstract
On the material of Russian poetry of the XVIII-XX centuries the author considers the usage of metadiscursive lexical items silence , murmur , talk , symbolizing langue , langage and parole of poetic practice.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):11-16
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Syncretism in Russian Syntax
Krylova O.A., Anipkina L.N.
Abstract
The article deals with two types of syntactical constructions characterized by syncretic semantics: firstly, so-called secondary parts of sentence, secondly, existential-and-identifying type of sentences. It is shown that the syncretism in the domain of semantic units correlates with structural grammatical differences as well as in their communicative syntactic function.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):17-23
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The Comparison of the Linguistic World-Image (the case of gender-marked cognitive metaphors with the names of animals as a component)
Gulik O.O.
Abstract
Cognitive anthropomorphic metaphor with the names of animals as a component as a means of representation of the linguistic world-image is analysed. The phenomenon of gender asymmetry is illustrated.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):24-27
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Basic Principles of Distortion of the Reality in Lawyers’ Speech (the case of defensive texts pertaining to the times of judicial reform of Alexander the II)
Kozlovskaya E.S.
Abstract
The author of the article analyzes contextual meanings of general notions determined in defensive texts pertaining to the times of judicial reform of Alexander II, examines the methods of their forming and reconstructs the actually validity of ethical value system of the Russian society of that period.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):28-31
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On Language Activity
Lipatova T.V.
Abstract
The article touches upon the questions of language activity, that bases on outer non-language sphere and on language awareness, specialized at an effective communication, on inner non-language sphere and their plans.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):32-36
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Boris Vian's Tropes in Macrocontext
Makarova N.E.
Abstract
This works investigates the system of tropes as an important component of idiostyle of a French writer - Boris Vian, mostly given functional-stylistic characteristics of the tropes when used in macro-context.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):37-42
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Specifics of the International Non-Governmental Organisation Amnesty International Documents in Russian and French
Nikolova K.L.
Abstract
Documents of the non-governmental organization Amnesty International are regarded as a result of a social action which has the author’s strategy of conviction as its goal.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):43-46
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The Degrees of the Russian Verb Transitivity
Chistyakov A.V.
Abstract
The article deals with all cases of the usage of the Accusative without a preposition after the verb or a case which could be regarded as such on the basis of the transformations examined. The given research of the relations between the semantic category of transitivity and the means of its language expression will help students learning Russian as a foreign language.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):47-50
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Modern Metacommunicative Technologies (the case of linguocultural study)
Gusakovsky A.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the description of metacommunicative technologies. These technologies, along with neuro-linguistic programming, which is legendary nowadays, are known only by there name, and the attitude towards them, as a rule, negative, for example, “black” PR, etc. However, from the point of view of the systemic approach, meta-communication is a kind of subtext, second, the implied, hidden sense of the verbal information, explicitly expressing the attitude of the speaker to the utterance produced by him. Linguistic and cultural study of the linguistic aspects of contemporary social myths, aimed at forming of human behavior in the desired for speaker (in general meaning of this word) direction, is actual for the modern Humanities.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):51-61
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Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of Language Professional Identity Theory
Myskin S.V.
Abstract
The article presents the foundation of interdisciplinary studies of the phenomenon of “language professional identity”. The author organizes a number of theories and concepts as ontological assumptions. The study is carried out using methodological triangulation.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):62-75
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Language World Picture and National Concept Sphere: Ontology, Methods of Reconstruction and Unit Description
Chulkina N.L.
Abstract
The author offers his understanding of commonly used today in the Linguistics terms and concepts: linguistic picture of the world, meaning and sense, lingvo-cultural concept, everyday language consciousness and national concept sphere. It emphasizes the importance of harmonizing ontology language-object description ( language-system, language-text or language-ability ) with the methods of its reconstruction and the material which is used by the researcher.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):76-82
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Semantic Core of the Concept “Human” in the light of Latin and Latinized Nominations
Volkov V.V.
Abstract
The author proves that from linguistic hermeneutics positions the Latin term homo sapiens is not the most precise substantial nomination for human beings. There is a great number of other Latin and Latinized linguistic “mirrors” and thus its various peculiarities are being reflected. Lexico-semantic core of the concept “Human” is heterogeneous, consists of contradictory elements (lexical-semantic groups, subgroups and isolated units).
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):83-92
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Lexical Typology of Slavonic Languages
Manoucharyan I.K.
Abstract
The article is devoted to analyse of lexical typology between Slavonic languages. It is obvious, that old Slavonic words have the same origin from the parent Slavonic language. Lexicons of Slavonic languages were developed during long time and borrowed new words from other non-Slavonic languages. This process is continuing today.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):93-104
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Terminological Confusion in a New Linguistic Perspective: Metalanguage of the English Diversity Studies
Proshina Z.G.
Abstract
The article discusses the major principles of the World Englishes Paradigm as a sociolinguistic discipline and some ambiguous terms related to the global spread of English (world Englishes, International English, English as an International Language, English as a Lingua Franca.) The concepts that underpin the terms are associated with ideologically different paradigms and approaches to the status and functions of the English language.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):105-117
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The Term “Slang” as a Subject of Etymological Research
Gamov A.N.
Abstract
In the article attempts to find out the most possible source of origin of the term “slang” are undertaken. In the research process different versions have been offered by the author indicating the beginning and subsequent development of structural and semantic meaning of the word.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):118-124
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Primary Root and Cognitive-Comparative Method for Its Research
Karpenko U.A.
Abstract
The paper considers the primary root. The ancient primary roots’ existence is proved. Primary root’s sense doesn’t change, it translates through ages. The meanings are transformed by metonymy and metaphor; such transformations get the form of the words in different languages. For the primary roots’ studying is introduced cognitive-comparative etymology method. The primary root reflects the process of language cognition. As a result of this process certain elements of reality were identified and nominated.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):125-134
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Pecularities of Perception of Black Colour by Representatives of the English and French Cultures (illustrated by phraseology)
Kurguzenkova Z.H., Krivoshlykova L.V.
Abstract
On the basis of linguo-cultural analysis of the English and French phraseology the spectrum of cultural connotations of concept “black colour” is defined.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):135-139
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English and Ukrainian Colour Terms in Linguistic Research
Kudria O.A.
Abstract
The article deals with various approaches to the study of colour terms in English and Ukrainian. The author analyzes various classifications of the given lexical group, its research methods, and the ways of colour terms enrichment.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):140-148
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To the Problem of Linguistic Sexism in Modern Spanish
Kotenyatkina I.B.
Abstract
The author studies active linguistic processes in the Spanish language, currently observing the category of grammatical gender when nominating people in accordance with their profession, activity, or position. In particular, the focus is on the means of Spanish nouns gender expression denoting women, and also relevant for modern Spain question of gender correctness in this field, in the context of the academic “New Spanish grammar” and debate in Spanish press, caused by the report of I. Bosque, the Spanish philologist, a member of the Royal Spanish Academy. The author shows that the nomination of persons in the profession, on the one hand, is a special reflection of the cultural and social environment in terms of gender, and the same names, on the other hand, are linguistic means of impact on the socio-cultural sphere.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):149-156
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Verbal and Non-Verbal Components of News Cartoon as a Policode Journalistic Text
Ryazanova A.Y.
Abstract
The article discusses specific properties of the news of comics as a new genre that emerged in the online journalism in China. These properties shall include polycode features and integration of verbal and non-verbal means of communication, in which a neutral basis event receives additional estimated painted meanings.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):157-160
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Phonetic Peculiarities of Slogans in Advertising with Humour Elements
Batalov A.A., Yankovskaya E.A.
Abstract
The article analyses the phonetic peculiarities of verbal component of slogans in advertising with humour elements. Phonetic units being deprived of meaning themselves a still capable of creating additional connotations and expressive stylistic effect.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):161-167
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Ellipsis and Similar Syntactic Phenomena in the Modern Russian Language
Kamagina I.V.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the delimitation of simple and complex elliptical sentences from similar constructions containing implicit information; constructions with zero components; incomplete (elliptical) and zeugmatic sentences. The article presents systemized points of view on ellipsis and implicitness relationship, as well as an attempt to distinguish these linguistic phenomena based both on existing and newly found mechanisms.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):168-174
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Eurasian Space in “Angel’s Bite”, a Novel by P. Krusanov
Torosyan A.S.
Abstract
The article analyzes the artistic space of the novel “Angel’s bite” by P. Krusanov in the context of Eurasianism’s ideas. A key issue in the article is opposition “Russia-East”, “Russia and the West”. Eurasians and Krusanov bring the ideas of the special status of Russia as a Eurasian country together, not European or Asian one. Also there is criticism of Russia's Europeanization in the novel “Angel’s bite”.
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):175-180
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2015;(1):181-183
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