Symbol of Mouse in Slavonic and Chinese Linguocultures

Cover Page

Abstract


The article describes in comparative aspect the main symbolic meanings of the zoononym mouse in Slavic and Chinese linguocultures. The study of animal symbolism in Russian (wider - Slavic) and Chinese cultural traditions is one of the current trends in modern linguistics, which, on the one hand, has a pronounced anthropocentric orientation, and on the other, is characterized by a noticeable increase in interest in the Chinese language and culture of China in different countries of the world. Turning to the study of complex and ambiguous symbolism of the mouse is quite timely and taking into account the confinement of 2020 to the year of the White Rat / Mouse. The purpose of the study is to identify similar and specific for each culture features of perception and characteristics of the mouse as an animal, which has a significant impact on everyday life. The tasks of the work include identifying the sources of the appearance of a negatively connotated mouse image in culture, determining the ambivalent nature of rituals, customs and ritual actions, the object of which are mice, as well as revealing the contents of the “Mouse Wedding” custom in Chinese and South Slavic traditions. The analysis of the actual material (stable phrases, folklore texts, ethnocultural records, traditional drawings) showed, on the one hand, the mostly negative symbolism of the mouse in the Slavic spiritual culture, and on the other, the perception of the mouse as an animal, bringing material wealth and prosperity, in the traditional picture of the world the Chinese. At the same time, it was established that both the Slavs and the Chinese use a number of magic tricks aimed at fighting mice that cause considerable damage to the peasant economy. Significant for the linguoculturological analysis of the mouse image is the appeal to oriental folklore texts, as well as to traditional popular prints of Chinese and Russians, reflecting differently the symbolism of mice and their relation to the main enemy - the cat.


About the authors

Vladimir I. Koval

Gomel State University named after Francis Skorina

Author for correspondence.
Email: vlad-kov@mail.ru
St. Sovetskaya, 104, Gomel, Republic of Belarus, 246017

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Russian, General and Slavic Linguistics

References

  1. Fasmer, M. (1987). Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language. in 4 vols. Vol. 3. O.N. Trubachev (ed., trasl.). Moscow. (In Russ.).
  2. Etymological Dictionary of Slavic Languages: Pre-Slavic Lexical Fund. (1994). Issue 21. O.N. Trubachev (ed.). Moscow. (In Russ.).
  3. Gura, A.V. (1997). The symbolism of animals in the Slavic folk tradition. Moskow. (In Russ.).
  4. Dictionary of Russian folk dialects (1983). Vol. 19. Leningrad. (In Russ.). (In Russ.).
  5. Chinese explanatory dictionary. URL: https://www.zdic.net/hans/%E9%BC%A0 (accessed: 01/10/2020). (In Chinese).
  6. Voloshin, M. (1989). Apollo and mouse In Faces of creativity. Leningrad. pp. 96—111. (In Russ.).
  7. Boneckaya, N.K. (2016). Apollo Mouse In Spirit of the Silver Age (phenomenology of the era). Moscow, St. Petersburg. pp. 580—591. (In Russ.).
  8. Buzhor, E.S. (2012). Ontology of Maximilian Voloshin. Bulletin of RUDN University. Philosophy Series. 4. pp. 170—176. (In Russ.).
  9. Gudimova, S.A. (2019). Apollon-Sminfey (Mouse) In Bulletin of culturologists. 2 (89). pp. 83—91. (In Russ.).
  10. Barenboim, Peter (2017). Eastern influence on Michelangelo: what could have been the mistake of the great Panofsky. Moscow. (In Russ.).
  11. Khusyainova, G.I. (2012). The ambiguity of the mouse image in the novel by F. M. Dostoevsky “Notes from the Underground” In Philological Sciences. 5. pp. 118—121. (In Russ.).
  12. Folk Russian fairy tales A.N. Afanasyev (1984). In three volumes. T. 1. The publication was prepared by L.G. Barag, N.V. Novikov. Moscow. (In Russ.).
  13. Koval, V.I. (2012). Text and language: the search for sources: Monograph. Minsk. (In Russ.).
  14. Toporov, V.N. (1988). Mouse In Myths of the peoples of the world. Vol. 2. Moscow. pp. 190—191. (In Russ.).
  15. Plotnikova, A.A. (2004). “Mouse days” In Slavic antiquities. Ethnolinguistic Dictionary. Vol. 3. Moscow. pp. 346—347. (In Russ.).
  16. Suvan-ool, E.S. & Lebedeva, I.O. (2012). The image of a mouse as a reflection of the characteristic features of the appearance and character of a person in Russian and Chinese culture (based on phraseological units of the Russian and Chinese languages).Young Scientist, 12, 336—339. (In Russ.).
  17. Traditional entertainment in the Chinese New Year. URL: https://magazeta.com/cnycustoms-6/ (accessed: 02/10/2020). (In Russ.).
  18. Yuan, Ke. (1965). Myths of ancient China. Moscow. (In Russ.).
  19. Somkina, N.A. (2010). Traditions of zoomorphic symbolism in the ritual side of everyday beliefs (old China and modernity). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University, Series 13, 1, 30—46. (In Russ.).
  20. Fu, Xiaosia. (2010). The mystery and symbolism of the Chinese benevolent drawing. Bulletin of the Chelyabinsk State University, Philosophy. Sociology. Culturology, 16 (197), 17, 83— 90. (In Russ.).
  21. Li, Qianhua & Smirnov, I.B. (2013). The concept of “happiness” in Chinese proverbs and sayings, Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Language and Literature, 3, 175—185. (In Russ.).
  22. The image of a mouse in Chinese painting. URL: http://dveimperii.ru/articles/myshi-vkitajskoj-zhivopisi (accessed: 02/01/2020). (In Russ.).
  23. Alekseeva, M.A. (1983). Wood engraving “Cat mice dragging a cat to the graveyard” — a monument of Russian folk art of the late XVII—early XVIII centuries In Russian literature of the XVIII—early XIX century in the socio-cultural context. Leningrad. pp. 45—79. (In Russ.).
  24. How the cat’s mice were buried. Composition by V. Zhukovsky. Drawings by G. Narbut. URL: http://www.raruss.ru/childrens-books/3721-narbut-zhukovsky-cat-mouthes.html. (accessed: 01/25/2020). (In Russ.).
  25. How the cat’s mice were buried. URL: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki (accessed: 02.15.2020). (In Russ.).
  26. Mikhelson, M.I. (1896). Walking and apt words. The second revised and significantly enlarged edition. St. Petersburg. (In Russ.).
  27. Andreev, O. How cat mice were buried: Verse. URL: https://rustih.ru/oleg-andreev-kakmyshi-kota-xoronili (accessed: 01/17/2020). (In Russ.).
  28. Lepeshinsky, P.N. (1922). At the turn (from the end of the 80s to 1905). A passing impression of a participant in the revolutionary struggle. Petersburg. (In Russ.).
  29. Koval, V.I. (2019). Paremia Cat mice are buried: origin and functioning In Slavic linguocultures in the spatial and temporal continuum: collection of scientific articles, E.V. Nichiporchik (Ed.). Gomel. pp. 194—198. (In Russ.).
  30. Bunakova, R.Yu. (2013). The image of a cat in the Chinese literary tradition (based on Lao She's novel Notes on a Cat's Town), Philological Sciences. Questions of theory and practice, 5 (23-1), 33—38. (In Russ.).
  31. Taiwanese stories. Mouse marriage. URL: //bkrs.info/wiki/page/ (accessed: 01/28/2020). (In Russ.).
  32. How to look for the groom's mouse (Burmese tale). URL: http://www.planetaskazok.ru/ drugnarodskz/kak-mishke-jeniha-iskali (accessed: 01/15/2020). (In Russ.).
  33. Nezumi. Mouse wedding. URL: https://www.liveinternet.ru/users/2988966/post121673936/ (accessed: 01/15/2020). (In Russ.).
  34. A mouse wedding. Ossetian tale. URL: http://mirckazok.ru/view_post.php?id=2421 (accessed: 01/14/2020). (In Russ.).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 169

PDF (Russian) - 56

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Koval V.I.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies