The Adjective “Sacred” in Metalinguisticsof the Language: Functional-semantic Research

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Abstract


The article is devoted to an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the semantics of the adjective “sacred”, the Indo-European root of which was the basis of the Latin token saker, initially illustrating a multi-pole understanding - from the divine to the demonic, from the sublime to the secularized. Particular attention is paid to the definitions of the adjective in the explanatory, etymological dictionaries of the XІX-XX centuries, in mythological representations, in folklore texts, in calendar, family and other rituals, in phraseology, paremiology, etc. In a historical retrospective, an analysis of changes in the semantics of the adjective “sacred” revealed the pre-Christian, Christian, secularized stages of lexical-semantic variations. A comprehensive study confirms the transformation of not only worldview systems, but also language tools that contribute to the formation in the minds of Russian people of the meta-idea of the adjective “sacred” in order to identify the cultural dominance and actively search and restore its semantic core.


About the authors

Oksana V. Shkuran

Lugansk Taras Shevchenko National University

Author for correspondence.
Email: oksana.shkuran@mail.ru
St. Oboronnaya, 2, Lugansk, Ukraine, 91016

Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, Department of Ukrainian Philology and Publishing

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