NOMINATION AS THE PRINCIPAL AXIS OF PUSHKIN’S THOUGHT

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Abstract


The article deals with the description of a modeling process of nominative units in A. Pushkin language; the units presenting a nominative field with certain value landmarks. The semantic valence of Pushkin`s word related to a primordial image (archetype) is shown in the ability to evolute extensively the meaning energy in a text prospect. The data for study were the units of two synonymic rows with the core units “ арап ” and “ негр ” functioning in A. Pushkin language. The study aimed at revealing the nomination specificity in the poet language, and characterizing the factors determining a nomination process. The author`s reflective vector in a language material analysis became evident at a deep symbolic level. An analytical procedure to reconstruct a meta-semantic text construct was based on a componential analysis combined with a contextual one, as well as on an interpretation technique and a descriptive method. The findings demonstrated the mentioned nominative units to have a specific axiological value, be implemented within the semantic areas “ своё ” (`my ancestors`, `pride of grateful descendants`) and “ чужое ” (`hostile world, which failed to comprehend and accept him`). And their semantic evolution specifies the text sign space arrangement. A nominative frame of Pushkin`s discourse is determined by a cross point of two destinies disconnected by time - the poet`s great grandfather, Abram Petrovich Hannibal, and Alexander Pushkin, a converging point of “racial” drama and public and creative loneliness drama of personalities rejected and unappreciated by their contemporaries. A semantic “tension” of the author’s idea, its dualism reaches the summit when the self-consciousness reason is fathomed: it is inside негр- арап opposition, where there is a semantic, and wider - a mental point haunting the poet’s reflecting consciousness. The conclusion appears to be conceptually significant: черный дед мой Ганнибал, <...> сходно купленный арап <...> Царю наперсник, а не раб . Semantic increments are exhibited against a rich association background of Pushkin cognition: the poet ‘models’ the text with abundant implication, where every “nominative hint” unfolds under the abundance of a semantic prospect. Major components of the process are intertextually loaded units - precedential names. Their usage forms the basis for a cognitive mechanism to convey implication through an “economical” nominative procedure. The study findings can be used to create semantic dictionaries of a complex type.


About the authors

Svetlana Nikolaevna Perevolochanskaya

The Kosygin State University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: perevolochanskaja@yandex.ru
33, Sadovnicheskaya Str., Moscow, Russia, 117997

Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of General and Slavonic Philology, Institute of Slavic Culture The Kosygin State University of Russia

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