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The article offers an analysis of the paremias of Russian, French, Malagasy and Spanish, devoted to women. The research material was the paremiological units of these languages, obtained by continuous sampling from collections of paremias, works of art and bilingual dictionaries, the selection criterion is the presence of a woman’s lexical unit (French femme , Spanish mujer , Malagasy Vehivavy ) or a description of appearance, significance, behavior function as mother, wife, housewife, etc. in paremias in considered linguocultures. The purpose of the study is to reveal the universal and cultural-specific features of the concept of a woman in the considered corps of the Russian, French Malagasy and Spanish paremies. The tasks of the work also include consideration of the peculiarities of the paremiological and lexical units used in this fragment of the linguistic picture, as well as to describe the general and non-coinciding aspects of the origin and functioning of the antiparemia and the use of gradualness in the paremies. The selection and analysis of paremiological units showed that in the languages in question one can find paremic units characterizing a woman as ideal, intelligent, strong, etc. person, and also the importance of a woman as a housewife and her superiority over a man. A significant part of the analyzed linguistic material is made up of paradoxes in which a woman is compared with a female animal, a plant or object with which a certain quality of a woman is associated, and also a woman is presented as a stupid, talkative, unreliable, lazy, capricious person or unreasonable wife. The originality of the research is that the first time the analysis of the comparative consideration of the paremias about the woman on the material of the Russian, French, Malagasy and Spanish languages and the lexical and paremiological material of the Malagasy language introduced into the scientific circulation is made.

About the authors

Natalia V. Novospasskaya

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, Russia, 117198

PhD in Philology, Associate Professor at the General and Russian Linguistics Department, Philological Faculty, RUDN University

Antsa Miangola Malala Raadraniriana

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, Russia, 117198

post-graduate student at the General and Russian Linguistics Department, Philological Faculty RUDN University

Olesya V. Lazareva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, Russia, 117198

PhD in Philology, Associate Professor at the General and Russian Linguistics Department, Philological Faculty, RUDN University


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Copyright (c) 2019 Novospasskaya N.V., Raadraniriana A.M., Lazareva O.V.

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