Psychological and pedagogical course of teaching Russian as a foreign language: the stage of speech adaptation

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Abstract


The topicality of the article is determined by the need for systemic analysis of the structure and content of the modern communicative field, which not only defines the character of functioning of literary Russian language as a subject of study, but also triggers the formation of new mechanisms of acquiring knowledge. The aims of research are to identify and provide a scientific description of psychological and pedagogical components of linguodidactic strategy in Russian universities as a basis for multidimensional model of teaching Russian as a foreign language at the beginner stage. The methodological concept of the work is based on combining methods of complex theoretical description as well as socio-pedagogical, observational and diagnostic research, extrapolated to real educational process at the preparatory faculty. The article identifies the topical features of the initial stage of teaching Russian as a foreign language, describes modern principles and basic conditions for effective teaching Russian as a foreign language at the initial stage, classifies basic factors determining linguistic and methodical vectors of pedagogical activity at the stage of speech adaptation , and denotes the vector of linguodidactic technologies and their components, focusing on students’ cognitive/communicative/axiological expectations. The results of the study and approbation of new methodological guidelines indicated that the proposed linguistic and methodical strategy ensures dynamic development of foreigners’ cognitive and creative abilities to self-education, which can form students’ multilingual and multicultural personalities.


About the authors

Natalia Aleksandrovna Bozhenkova

Pushkin State Russian Language Institute

Author for correspondence.
Email: natalyach@mail.ru
6 Akademika Volgina St., Moscow, 117489, Russian Federation

Ph.D. in Philology, Distinguished Professor, Professor at the Department of General and Russian Linguistics

Raisa Konstantinovna Bozhenkova

Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Email: rkbozhenkova@mail.ru
5 2nd Baumanskaya St., bldg. 1, Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation

Ph.D. in Philology, Distinguished Professor, Professor at the Department of the Russian Language

Nadezhda Petrovna Shulgina

Nadezhda Petrovna

Email: nad.schulgina@mail.ru
94 50 Let Oktyabrya St., Kursk, 305040, Russian Federation

Candidate of Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of the Russian Language and General Subjects for Foreign Citizens

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Copyright (c) 2019 Bozhenkova N.A., Bozhenkova R.K., Shulgina N.P.

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