No 2 (2014)

ARTICLES
ESCHATOLOGY OF RUSSIAN RELIGIOUS SCHISM
Bagdasarian V.E., Resnyansky S.I.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the eschatological component of the Russian religious schism of the XVIIth century. The authors prove its significance in terms of the social cataclysms of the "buntashny century" and consider the correlation between the identifiable positions in the schism and the genesis of the "Third Rome" doctrine. The authors present historiosophia of the schism theory.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):5-21
views
INTELLIGENTSIA IN VIEWS OF RUSSIAN LIBERALS AND REFORMERS-DEMOCRATS OF LATE XIX TH - EARLY XX TH CENTURIES
Arslanov R.A., Blokhin V.V.
Abstract
The article considers the attitude of the greatest Russian thinkers of the liberal and reformatory democratic schools of the post-reform modernization time of the early XIX th - late XXth centuries to domestic intelligentsia. The authors analyze the self-reflectiveness of eminent representatives of the Russian intellectuals (intelligentsia) and compare the views of the most important representatives of the liberal (K. Kavelin, A. Gradovsky) and democratic (A. Peshekhonov, V. Myakotin) trends. The analysis of liberals’ and democrats’ views of the two epochs enables to conclude that they were united by their perception of the intelligentsia as a moral force of the society. They are also similar in their understanding of the role of individual freedom in the country's development. However, for the liberals the most urgent was the task of personality formation, the solution to which they associated with the intelligentsia activities. For democrats, who saw the revolutionary events of the early XX th century, the problem of interaction of people and intellectuals became more urgent. But they still maintained their belief in the creative power of people, led by intellectuals for freedom and democracy.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):22-36
views
SOME SOCIAL AND POLITICAL VIEWS M.D. SKOBELEVS
Sholokhov A.B.
Abstract
The article analyzes social and political views of M.D. Skobelev, an outstanding military commander, a hero of the Russian-Turkish and Balkan wars¸ who contributed greatly to the entry of Central Asia (Turkestan) and other regions into the Russian Empire. The author concludes that M.D. Skobelev’s views were close to those of the Slavophiles, though they differed greatly on a number of key issues. They both considered that it was necessary to restore national identity, to consolidate Orthodoxy, to give up European values to the detriment of national ones, to search for the own development way instead of the western one, which was deadlock and destructive.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):37-44
views
THEORY OF RUSSIAN ANARCHISM IN WEST GERMAN HISTORIOGRAPHY IN THE LATE 1960S-1980S
Zhukova N.A.
Abstract
The object of research of the article is the German studies of the late 1960s-1980s regarding the anarchic theories of Mikhail Bakunin and Peter Kropotkin. The purposes of this article are to determine the causes of surge of interest in this subject among the specialists from West Germany, to show general trends of German studies and to define schools of West German historiography of Russian theoretical anarchism. The author of the article concludes that the most of German specialists are the authors of liberal type. Only few conservative researchers created a negative image of anarchism and identified it with violent acts and crime. Most of West German authors appreciated positively theories of Russian anarchism and paid special attention to the searching of humanistic and anti-totalitarian ideas in the works of anarchists. Besides they held the view point that the anarchistic ideas help society to organize itself and to oppose the bureaucracy.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):45-57
views
EVOLUTION OF VIEWS ON THE PROBLEM OF JADIDISM IN SOVIET HISTORIOGRAPHY OF 30-60S OF 20 TH CENTURY
Gafarov A.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of the evolution of scientific historical views on jadidism - modernization of the Turkic-Muslim peoples of Russian empire on second half of 19 th - beginning of 20 th century. On the basis of the historiographic analysis of soviet scientific literature of 30-60's of 20 th century the author came to a conclusion about essential politicization of historical researches in the field (connected with fight for the eradication of national movements of Muslim peoples) and strengthening of the party and state control, that has reached its apogee in the late 40's - early 50's of 20 th century. Prior to the official historio-graphy was tasked to debunk jadidism (asserted the theory of «single-stream»), show the international social class nature of the all-Russian historical processes. Despite the deformation of scientific researches, national historians have succeeded in preserving the scientific traditions and continue to research the problems of jadidism.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):58-65
views
STUDYING OF 1917-1918 POLITICAL SITUATION IN BAKU IN SOVIET HISTORIOGRAPHY OF 1920S
Abishov V.S.
Abstract
The article analyzes the works of Soviet historians, who first turned to the study of the post-revolutionary political situation in Baku in the 1920s. Among them are S.E Sef, S.S. Shaumyan, G. Stein, etc. It is concluded that the aim of this authors was justification of Bolsheviks’ coming to power while neglecting the role of other political forces. This historiographical situation makes it necessary to identify different interpretations of the events related to the political situation in Baku in 1917−1918 in order to restore the objective picture of the past history of Azerbaijan.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):66-75
views
PECULIARITIES OF PRINCELY POWER IN CHERNIGOV
Logacheva N.V.
Abstract
The article examines the peculiarities of the Chernigov principality that despite the fragmentation becomes strong, independent state. The analysis made it possible to reveal that in terms of economic, political and cultural development Chernigov principality became the center of ancient kingdoms. However, despite this stability of government in the Chernigov principality remained underdeveloped, unstable system of principalities that undermines ma-nagement principality began to malfunction, which adversely affects its unity, continued strife. Analysis of the features of formation of princely power in South-Eastern XI−XV centuries showed that its evolution has undergone during this period significant historical change. Some of the principality in the consolidation of power structures became a powerful independent state, despite periods of fragmentation decline, others are constantly in a state of hostilities with the Cumans, who were accompanied by the ruin of towns and villages, the capture of the population, etc. But common to all the kingdoms of South-Eastern Russia was striving for freedom. Solutions to this problem are linked with the activities Verkhovskaya principalities, although the latter was also a hard fate. All their history, especially the second half of the XIV century. was closely associated with the struggle for power between the pro-Moscow and prolitovskoy groups. Virtually all the principality Southeast Russia kept the faith, no matter what, in its independence, unity and freedom.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):76-84
views
«FLYING MEN - THE EYES OF THE ARMY»
Georgieva N.G., Georgiev V.A.
Abstract
The purpose of this article is to give some information about the First World War and pay tribute to the memory of those who defended the honour of their country. The authors consider the written and oral (family stories) sources devoted to one of those “flying men”, who were “the eyes of the army”. So the article deals with the history of participation of military aviator A.M. Cheremukhin [18 (30).05.1895, Moscow - 19.08.1958, Palanga, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union] in the First World War. He later became a Soviet scientist, designer of aircraft and helicopter, Doctor of Engineering (1937), Professor (1934), Lenin prizewinner (1957), twice Stalin prizewinner (1949, 1952), honored worker of science and technology of the Russian Federation (1947). He was awarded six orders of the Russian Empire (1916, 1917), «Croix de Guerre» of France (1917) and six Soviet orders (three orders of Lenin, two orders of the Red Banner of Labour and the order of the Red Star). The authors briefly describe the major milestones of his biography and measures to perpetuate his memory.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):85-100
views
A.A. BRUSILOV - FULL GENERAL OF RUSSIAN ARMY AND LAST COMMANDER OF RUSSIAN TSAR
Sinyutin S.S.
Abstract
The article analyzes the biography of Russian full general A.A. Brusilov − the hero of World War I, whose name is associated with the term “Brusilov Offensive”. The author exa-mines his views on the new situation which developed in Russia during the two revolutions of 1917, and then in the Soviet period. The author highly appreciates the theoretical preparation level of A.A. Brusilov, who got full military education in tsarist Russia; reveals the pre-sence of numerous analogous episodes in the biographies of A.A. Brusilov and A.V. Suvorov. He focuses on the similar origin of two Russian heroes, whose families belonged to the military dynasties of imperial Russia. The author concludes that the continuity of generations is very important in the issue of effective army’s functioning. This tradition was preserved in the new Soviet state.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):101-108
views
BASIC DIRECTIONS IN DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN CULTURE OF XIX - THE BEGINNING OF XX CENTURIES
Kozmenko O.P.
Abstract
In article the basic directions of the advanced Russian culture in the end of XIX - the XX th century beginning are taken up. This time as the author fairly marks, has become in Russian history, as the Golden Age of Russian culture. Besides, There are analyzed features of a socially-cultural life of Russia of the first decades of the XX th century which has defined the culture maintenance the next 20 years.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):109-119
views
PERSONAL BOOK COLLECTIONS IN THE SYSTEM OF NATIONAL CULTURE (STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM)
Yakemenko B.G.
Abstract
The research goal of this article is to consider the place of personal book collections (also often referred to as «private library») of the late XX th − early XXI st centuries in the national culture system. The article analyzes the problems associated with collecting books. The author considers the reasons of literary collections formation and their tragic fate after the revolutionary events of 1917, when a large part of the book collections was divided or died completely. There are pointed out specified leading private book collections of the last century and forms of cooperation of private libraries owners with the state. The author comes to the conclusion that the personal book collections are an essential value for the development of the Russian culture in the New and Newest time, particularly considering the example of separate book collections of the last decades. It is equally important to admit that the state should play a special role in the formation of private book collections and care for the preservation of book culture through the development of private libraries, because the culture of the book is subjected to strong pressure from electronic texts that carry information, but are not books.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):120-125
views
TRAINING OF FOREIGN EXPERTS IN SYSTEM OF UNIVERSITY CHEMICAL EDUCATION OF RUSSIA (THE 1950 TH - THE 2000 TH)
Oskolok K.V.
Abstract
The paper is written on the basis of the research fulfilled by the author which purpose is studying of historical experience of activity of the Russian universities and institutes of Aca-demy of Sciences of the USSR (Russian Academy of Sciences) on training of the qualified research chemists. The author of article came to conclusion that mass training of research chemists from among foreign citizens began at universities of the USSR in the second half of the XX century and chemical faculties and chairs of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Peoples’ Friendship University named after Lumumba and some other universities of RSFSR were pioneers in this important issue. Essential help to the Soviet universities in formation of research chemists was given by profile institutes of Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Work of the Soviet professors and teachers with foreign students promoted development of international relations of chemical faculties and chairs of universities of the USSR with foreign colleagues, first of all from the countries of national democracy (the socialist states of Europe and Asia). The Soviet experience of training of research chemists in universities was very demanded in system of university chemistry of the Russian Federation.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):126-139
views
HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE OF INTERACTION OF STATE AND THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH IN 1980-2000S: DYNAMICS OF PRIORITIES IN LEGISLATION SPHERE
Simonova M.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the main directions of interaction of the state and the Russian Orthodox Church in the 1980-2000s. The author characterizes the main stages of the state and confessional relations in Russia and considers the key problems and tendencies in the course of the legislation change in the context of social and political processes. The analysis enables to identify the specificity of the interaction of government agencies and religious organizations in the context of legislation changes in the period under review. The author concludes that the result of the church and state activities in this period can be considered a serious constructive dialogue on monitoring the implementation of legislation in the field of the church-state relations and the creation of conditions for the realization of human rights: the state is interested in enhancing the participation of confessions in moral education of Russians spirit of respect for tradition and tolerance, the church treats the state as a partner that can provide effective protection of the interests of believers, to assist in the implementation of various programs aimed at improving the conditions of their work.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):140-147
views
NEW VECTORS OF MISSIONARY ACTIVITY OF RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH IN EARLY XXI ST CENTURY (THE CASE OF MISSIONS IN THAILAND, CAMBODIA AND INDONESIA)
Kryazheva-Kartseva E.V., Idrus A.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the specifics of foreign missions of the Russian Orthodox Church in the early XXIst century in the countries of Southeast Asia such as Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia and identifies the stages of this phenomenon development. The authors conclude that the result of the active work of the ROC Mission in Thailand at present was not only the recognition of the church by the state, the increase in the number of community members, congregations, appearance of the monastery, but also the activity start of the Delegation of the Kingdom of Cambodia, which in 2013 was registered in the "Orthodox Christian Church of Cambodia (Moscow Patriarchate)". The Republic of Indonesia is also becoming an active Orthodox community, the appea-rance of which is connected with the name of Archimandrite Daniel, who became the founder of the Indonesian Orthodox Church, incorporated in 1991. The increased activities of the Orthodox Christians in Indonesia are connected with the transition of the Church in 2004 under the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia and in 2008 due to the reunification of the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia under the jurisdiction of the Moscow Patriarchate.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):148-159
views
PRINCIPAL SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN HISTORY CHAIR OF PEOPLES' FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA IN 2013
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):160-162
views
HISTORIOGRAPHIC THE PHENOMENON OF «FLUCTUATING RELEVANCE» (Review of E.A. Vorontsova «Business interest organizations in Russia: historiography, sources, history». - Moscow: Eterna, 2013. - 576 р.)
Selunskaya N.B.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):163-166
views
ABOUT THE OLD AND NEW IN MODERN NARODNIKOVEDENIYE (Review of «Populists in the history of Russia: the interuniversity collection of scientific works». Vol. 1. - Voronezh: Publishing house ISTOKY, 2013. - 300 p.)
Ginev V.N.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):167-175
views
OUR AUTHORS
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2014;(2):176-178
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies