No 3 (2009)

ARTICLES
The image of reformative populism (narodnichestvo) in Russian Historiography from the 20s years of the 20th to the beginning of the 21th Century
Zverev V.V.
Abstract
The article represents the analyses of the term «reformative populism (reformative narodnichestvo)» and its moderate wing from the 20s years of the 20th to the beginning of the 21th. The special attention is paid to the Lenin's conception of evolution of the public opinion in Russia of the second half of the 19st, which became the faithful methodological approach in soviet history. At the same time the author gives his own opinion to the study of this problem for the future.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):5-22
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Psychology of masses and parties in russian revolution: from February to October 1917
Marchenya P.P.
Abstract
The problem of interaction and mutual psychological influence of political parties and masses takes center stage. Psychology of masses and parties is regarded as a main factor in history of Russia in 1917, which is crucially important for understanding the logic of Russian Revolution. Mass consciousness is regarded as a dominant in political history and as social and cultural foundation of Bolsheviks' victory in the contest of political parties from February to October 1917.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):23-34
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From February to October, 1917: the role of the «Mensheviks» in the political life of Russia
Gavrilov A.U.
Abstract
The author analyses the role and the influence of the «Mensheviks» in political life of Russia between the democratic Revolution in February and socialist Revolution in October, 1917. In this article the author showed the reasons which forced the «Mensheviks» (in difficult situation of the social confrontation in May, 1917) to be in the Provisional government, studied the positions of different parts of «menshevizm» concerned this step. This article examines the «mensheviks'» aspiration (in summer 1917) to form a political similar left-of-centre government without constitutional democrats, and the reasons which prevented getting this aim.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):35-40
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Soviet advisors and the kuomintang's strategy of military construction in 1920s
Yurkevich A.G.
Abstract
The article considers the policy, conducted by Soviet military advisers of Sun Yat-sen's Kuomintang government in South China in the field of military construction in 1920s. In the author's opinion, the advisers dogmatically followed, on the one hand, the Comintern's directives to communists to gain the dominant position in national revolutionary movements in the East, on the other hand, the experience of the Civil War in Russia: they were making attempts with the control over military schools to subordinate unreliable, semi-independent troops, which supported Sun Yat-sen. Their dogmatism and Moscow's aid were used by Ch'iang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi), who under a mask of «training units» formed the military basis of the future Kuomintang state.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):41-48
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Flowers of anarchism were dying this way... (about conspiratorial trip of Nikolaj Doskal'-essirniy to Nizhegorodskaya province in 1926)
Sapon V.P.
Abstract
The article presents some new facts about non-Bolshevist left groups political activities in Soviet Russia in late 1920s. The story is based on contemporary records about Anarchist Nikolaj Doskal'-Essirniy's conspiratorial trip to Nizhegorodskaya Province in 1926. Doskal'-Essirniy's case confirms the fact that Russian Anarchism proved to be much more viable ideological and political phenomenon than it was traditionally interpreted in our historiography.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):49-53
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Repression against the russian orthodox church in the Urals in the 1930s
Lavrinov V.V.
Abstract
This article is devoted to the history of repression against the Russian Orthodox Church in the Urals in the 1930s. The main directions of political repression, are provided by Rotary milestones in their implementation. Characterized by the methods, extent and consequences of the repressive activities of the OGPU-NKVD.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):54-64
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Export-oriented state industry of Russia in Modernizing Process at the End of 17th - the First Half of the 18th Century
Bogatyrev E.D.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the research of the main tendencies of development of state potash industry in Russia, which was in fact a peculiar export-oriented branch of industry in the period of Peter's modernization. The article studies the tendencies of development of potash industry and reveals its determining factors; measures for increasing the production efficiency at the state manufactures taken bu the Russian government, as well as the ways of production promoting on the foreign market.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):65-75
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Clerk Feodor Mishurin: fortune of departmental bureaucrat of 16th Century
Savosichev S.U.
Abstract
In this article the role of clerk's bureaucracy in machinery of State of Russia in 16th century is analyzed and illustrated by the biography of Feodor Michilovich Mishurin. The author displayed the dynamic of career of statesman in connexion of his estate by birth and personal connexions, playing attention to political events on the background of it there was activity of the clerk.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):76-87
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«Noted Statements Lack Attention»: Archangelsk provincial government in the first half of the 19th Century
Balova M.B.
Abstract
This article discusses organization of the work of the Arkhangelsk provincial government in the first half of the 19th century, including the process for formation of the office staff and its funding, changes in the scope, main directions, contents and order of the work as compared to the respective legislative acts of the first half of the 19th century. Based on that, a conclusion is drawn, whether such typical features of bureaucratisation, as increase of the office staff and hierarchy levels in number, introduction of subspecialty functions, making regulation of the work more sophisticated, and formation of the document control system, have already developed at that time and to which extent.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):88-102
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Purges of the soviet state apparatus as factor of everyday life in the 1920-1930s
Smirnova T.M.
Abstract
This article, based on broad range of new historical sources, focuses on so called «purges» of the Soviet state apparatus, and their impact on everyday life of the Soviet citizens in the 1920-1930s. Author demonstrates contradictory nature and variety of factors on which special «purge commissions» made their decisions, including social origin of the people, their professional and personal characteristics, and others.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):103-120
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«Three bubenshiks, two transelists, two bunchuk»: Transformation of culture Everyday life of South Russia Cossack village in 1930s
Skorik A.P., Samsonenko T.A.
Abstract
The cultural and everyday life transformation and development of Cossack villages in the south of Russia in conditions of collective farm building over 1930s are analyzed. The negative impact of forced collectivization on Cossack daily routine is revealed. The positive trends dominating in the sphere of cultural and everyday life of Don, Kuban and Terek Cossacks are elicited and considered as a result of organizational and economic strengthening of the collective farm system taking place in late 1930s.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):121-131
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«We were shocked»: Soviet captivity and internment as acculturation stress
Surzhikova N.V.
Abstract
N.V. Surzhikova's article based at the specific source type - memories - covers social and cultural issues of the Soviet captivity and internment. The author analyses manifestation of cultural shock or a stress of acculturation that proceeded from the direct contact of the prisoners and interned persons with another cultural conditions as well as mechanisms and limits of their adaptation.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):132-143
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Image of the enemy of the period of «cold war» in detective and adventure films 1950-1980s: the spectator's audience and the problem of historical memory
Kolesnikova A.G.
Abstract
Some statistical data and letters with responses of the Soviet spectators are analyzed in this article. These materials prove presence of a wide spectator audience at detective films 1950-1980s. Some generations of the people who born and have grown during «cold war», are brought up on products of soviet art cinema in which elements of an image of the enemy were present in full and, certainly, have affected a position of these people in relation to the «hostile» nation in the further.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):144-153
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Settler's Pishpek: from the cossack picket of imperial Russia to the city status
Barteneva I.U.
Abstract
Article about a debatable problem about an establishment of time of the basis capital of modern Kyrgyzstan the city of Pishpek - Frunze - Bishkek.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):154-164
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The 50th Anniversary of PFUR: Experience of Work with Students in the Engineering Faculty
Borisov V.A.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):165-168
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Dissertational Council D 212.203.03 in Peoples' Friendship University of Russia in the First Half of 2009
Kozmenko V.M., Kryajeva-Kartseva E.V.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):169-178
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Principal Teaching Aids, Abstracts and Papers for Scientific Conferences of the Russian History Chair of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia in 2008
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):179-182
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On Our Authors
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):183-184
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TREBOVANIYa K RUKOPISYaM,predstavlyaemym v redaktsionnuyu kollegiyuperiodicheskogo izdaniya (nauchnogo zhurnala)«VESTNIK ROSSIYSKOGO UNIVERSITETADRUZhBY NARODOV. Seriya „ISTORIYa ROSSII»
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2009;(3):185-187
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