PERCEPTION OF IMAGE OF GERMAN AND AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN PRISONERS OF WAR BY PEASANT COMMUNITIES IN 1914 (ON DOCUMENTS OF KAZAN PROVINCE)

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Abstract


The author analyzed the public discourse of the peasant community of Kazan province of the Russian Empire, revealed common nationwide universe model of perception, as well as have a number of unique features for the specified region of perception of the enemy. Farmers relied on the opinion of local authorities misunderstand the nuances of ethnic and religious situation of prisoners of war, so the image of the "alien" could not be formed integral and monolithic. Archetypes of consciousness transformation of rural inhabitants from neutral to hostile perception of prisoners was deformed contradictory attitude of the royal family and the higher ranks to them, as well as the dissonance between personal experiences with prisoners, feelings and mood soldiers. Great importance was the province of the national structure. Foreigners treated prisoners qualitatively different, rather than Russian Orthodox subjects. The negative attitude of the Russian government to the prisoners caused only compassion and understanding their plight. While praising - alarmed. As a result of the transformation of the image of the "other" in the image of the "enemy" in the village suffered a complete fiasco.

E E Abdrashitov

Kazan Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia

Department of State-legal Disciplines

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