Marriage and Family in Udmurtia between 1939-1959

Cover Page

Abstract


The article deals with the transformation of the marriage and family structures of the population of Udmurtia in the period between 1939 to 1959. Attention is paid to the study of the infl uence of the Great Patriotic War on the family and marriage in the republic. Sources used include census materials from 1939 and 1959 and statistical records from the period in question. With the beginning of the war, the number of marriages in Udmurtia sharply decreased. The smallest number of marriages was observed in 1942. In the countryside, this was a reduction of more than three times, indicating a unusually great shortage of men. A direct consequence of the war was a reduction in the average family size as well as an increase in families headed by women. By 1959, 38.5 % of families in the countryside were led by women. With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, remarriages became more frequent in Udmurtia. Between 1944 and 1951 they were mostly concluded by women who presumably had lost their husbands in the fi ghting. The extramarital birth rate also sharply increased. In the post-war period, particularly in the rural areas many children were born out of wedlock. The extramarital birth rate reached its peak in 1950, when every third child in Udmurtia was born out of wedlock.


About the authors

Sergey N. Uvarov

Izhevsk State Agricultural Academy

Author for correspondence.
Email: sergey.uvarov@mail.ru
11, Studencheskaya St., Izhevsk, Udmurt Republic, 426069, Russia

Kandidat Istoricheskikh Nauk [Ph.D. in History], Head of the Department of Russian History, Sociology andPolitical Science

References

  1. Aralovets, N.A. “Marriage and family in the post-war Russian Federation.” Russian History, no. 4 (2010): 55–62 (in Russian).
  2. Aralovets, N.A. Gorodskaya sem’ya v Rossii, 1927–1959 gg.: monografi ya. Tula: Grif i K Publ., 2009 (in Russian).
  3. Aralovets, N.A. “Semeynyye otnosheniya gorodskogo naseleniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii v 1927–1959 gg.” RUDN Journal of Russian History 2, no. 2 (2003): 144–152 (in Russian).
  4. Anderson, V.A. “Family and fertility in Russian and Soviet censuses.” Research Guide to Russian and Soviet Censuses, 131–154. Ithaca: Cornell University Press Publ., 1986.
  5. Afontsev, S., Kessler, G., Tyazhelnikova, V., Markevich, A., and Valetov, T. “The urban household in Russia and the Soviet Union, 1900–2000: patterns of family formation in a turbulent century.” The History of the Family 13, no. 2 (2008): 178–194.
  6. Belova, V.A. Chislo detey v sem’ye. Moscow: Statistika Publ., 1975 (in Russian).
  7. Darskiy, L.Ye. Formirovaniye sem’i (demografo-statisticheskoye issledo-vaniye). Moscow: Statistika Publ., 1972 (in Russian).
  8. Denisova, L.N. “Marriage and family life in the late 20th-century Russian village.” Dialogue with Time, no. 23 (2008): 118–148 (in Russian).
  9. Chernysheva, N.V. “The social status of women during the Great Patriotic War: historical and sociological analysis (based on the materials of the Kirov region).” Woman in Russian Society, no. 3 (2016): 98–105 (in Russian).
  10. Isupov, V.A. Demografi cheskiye katastrofy i krizisy v Rossii v pervoy polovine XX veka: istorikodemografi cheskiye ocherki. Novosibirsk: Sibirskiy khronograf Publ., 2000 (in Russian).
  11. Kharchev, A.G. Brak i sem’ya v SSSR. Moscow: Mysl’ Publ., 1979 (in Russian).
  12. Khasbulatova, O.A., and Smirnova, A.V. “The evolution of state policy in relation to the family in Russia in the twentieth – beginning of the XX century of history (history-sociological analysis).” Woman in Russian Society, no. 3 (2008): 3–14 (in Russian).
  13. Krinko, Ye.F., and Khlynina, T.P. “Sem’ya i brak nakanune i v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny.” Voprosy istorii, no. 12 (2015): 46–55 (in Russian).
  14. Korobeynikova, N.S. “Divorces and divorces in the cities of Western Siberia during the Second World War.” Bulletin of Novosibirsk State University. Series: History, Philology 11, no. 8 (2012): 167–172 (in Russian).
  15. Kuz’min, A.I. Sem’ya na Urale: demografi cheskiye aspekty vybora zhiznennogo puti. Yekaterinburg: Nauka Publ., 1993 (in Russian).
  16. Lallukka, S. Vostochno-fi nskiye narody Rossii: analiz etnodemografi cheskikh protsessov. St. Petersburg: Yevropeyskiy Dom Publ., 1997 (in Russian).
  17. Motrevich, V.P. Vsesoyuznaya perepis’ naseleniya SSSR 1939 goda: Ural’skiy region: Sbornik materialov. Yekaterinburg: Humanitarian Institute Publ., 2002 (in Russian).
  18. Petrakov, A.A. Sel’skaya sem’ya i deti (Problemy demografi cheskogo razvitiya). Izhevsk: Udmurtiya Publ., 1983 (in Russian).
  19. Petrakov, A.A. Sotsiologiya gorodskoy sem’i. Demografi cheskoye povedeniye. S ispol’zovaniyem materialov po Udmurtskoy ASSR. Izhevsk: Udmurtiya Publ., 1981 (in Russian).
  20. Rabzhayeva, M.V. “Family policy in Russia of the twentieth century: historical and social aspect.” Social Sciences and Contemporary World, no. 2 (2004): 166–176 (in Russian).
  21. Rakachev, V.N. “Features of the marriage and family structure of the population of the Kuban and Stavropol Territory in the 1930–1950s.” VIA EVRASIA, no. 4 (2012): 57–68 (in Russian).
  22. Sakayev, V.T. Gorodskoye naseleniye Tatarskoy ASSR v gody Velikoy Otechestvennoy voyny: istoriko-demografi cheskiye protsessy. Kazan’: Kazan State University Publ., 2008 (in Russian).
  23. Sifman, R.I. Dinamika rozhdayemosti v SSSR: (Po materialam vyborochnykh obsledovaniy). Moscow: Statistika Publ., 1974 (in Russian).
  24. Susokolov, A.A. Mezhnatsional’nyye braki v SSSR. Moscow: Mysl’ Publ., 1987 (in Russian).
  25. Zhiromskaya, V.B. “Ot voyennykh poter’ k konsensual’nomu braku: osobennosti demografi cheskogo razvitiya Rossii v XX v.” RUDN Journal of Russian History 6, no. 3 (2007): 5–20 (in Russian).
  26. Zhiromskaya, V.B. Naseleniye Rossii v XX veke. 1940–1959 gg. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ., 2001 (in Russian).
  27. Verbitskaya, O.M. Rossiyskaya sel’skaya sem’ya v 1897–1959 gg. (istoriko-demografi cheskiy aspekt). Moscow-Tula: Grif i K Publ., 2009 (in Russian).
  28. Verbitskaya, O.M. Sel’skoye naseleniye Rossiyskoy Federatsii v 1939–1959 gg. (demografi cheskiye protsessy i sem’ya). Moscow: IRI RAN Publ., 2002 (in Russian).
  29. Verbitskaya, O.M. “Osnovnyye zakonomernosti razvitiya sel’skoy sem’i v Rossii v XX v.” Trudy Instituta rossiyskoy istorii RAN, no. 9 (2010): 332–353 (in Russian).
  30. Vishnevskiy, A.G. “The evolution of the Russian family.” Ecology and Life, no. 8 (2008): 8–13 (in Russian).
  31. Volkov, A.G. “Etnicheski smeshannyye sem’i v SSSR: dinamika i sostav.” Vestnik statistiki, no. 7 (1989): 12–23 (in Russian).
  32. Volkov, A.G. Sem’ya – ob”yekt demografi i. Moscow: Mysl’ Publ., 1986 (in Russian).
  33. Wheatcroft, S. “The Great Leap Upwards: Anthropometric Data and Indicators of Crises and Secular Change in Soviet Welfare Levels, 1880–1960.” Slavic Review, no. 58 (1999): 27–60.
  34. Uvarov, S.N. Sel’skoye naseleniye Udmurtii v gody Velikoy Otechestven-noy voyny: demografi cheskiy aspekt: monografi ya. Izhevsk: FGBOU VPO Publ., 2014 (in Russian).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 219

PDF (Russian) - 69

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Uvarov S.N.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies