The Russian-Czechoslovak Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the Urals during the Russian Civil War (1918-1919)

Cover Page


This article examines the economic cooperation between representatives of the Czechoslovak Republic and the governments in the Urals during the Russian Civil War to restore production, supply industrial enterprises, and solve social problems. This relationship began in summer 1918 with to the establishment of the Technical Department of the Czech troops in the region. The Russian-Czechoslovak Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Ural region operated in Yekaterinburg from January to July 1919. The article’s research is based on a wide range of previously unpublished holdings in the Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic (thereafter - AMZV ČR). These documents are particularly important given the paucity of relevant sources in Russia. The author demonstrates that this bilateral cooperation, resolved many issues, including the establishment of governing bodies. Geographically, the Chamber’s area of responsibility in the Urals included Perm, Vyatka, Ufa, and Orenburg provinces and the Turgay region. The Chamber had its own branches and appointed correspondents almost everywhere. At the same time, it gradually increased the number of participants and expanded its practical activities, thus actively helping to restore industry in the Urals. The author concludes that the Russian-Czechoslovak Chamber of Commerce and Industry laid the foundation for future cooperation between Czechoslovakia and liberated Russia. Even the Czechoslovaks’ subsequent rejection of military support to the government of Admiral A.V. Kolchak did not halt economic cooperation, which both Russian industrialists and the Czechoslovak representatives supported.

About the authors

Nikolai I Dmitriev

Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin

Author for correspondence.
19, Mira Str., Yekaterinburg, 620002, Russia



  1. Domovitova, P.Y. “Problema ‘dvoevlastiya’ na Urale v usloviyach regima A.V. Kolchaka (dekabr 1918 g. – aprel 1919 g.).” [The problem of Diarchy in the Urals in the conditions of Kolchak regime (December 1918 – April 1919)] Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Istoriya, no. 2 (2014): 42–49 (in Russian).
  2. Dragomiretskiy, V.S. Czechoslovaki v Rossii. 1914–1920 [Czechoslovaks in Russia. 1914– 1920]. Paris; Prague: [S.n.], 1928 (in Russian).
  3. Fic, V.M. Československé legie v Rusku a boj za vznik Československa. 1914–1918. [Czechoslovak Legion and fighting for emergence of Czechoslovakia. 1914–1918]. Vol. 4. Brno: Stilus Publ., 2014 (in Czech).
  4. Filatyev, D.V. Katastrofa belogo dvigeniya v Sibiri. 1918–1922: vpechatleniya ochevidca [The disaster of the White Movement in Siberia. 1918–1922. Impressions of Eyewitness]. Paris: [S.n.], 1985 (in Russian).
  5. Gins, G.K. Sibir, souzniki i Kolchak. Povorotnyy moment russkoy istorii. 1918–1920 [Siberia, the allies and Kolchak. A turning point in Russian history. 1918–1920]. Kharbin: [S.n.], 1921 (in Russian).
  6. Kvasnička, J. Československé legie v Rusku. 1917–1920 [Czechoslovak Legion in Russia. 1917−1920]. Bratislava: Slovak Academy Publ., 1963 (in Czech).
  7. Muratov, A., and Muratova, D. Sudbi chechov v Possii, XX vek. Put ot Kieva do Vladivostoka. [Fates of Czechs in Russia. The 20th century. From Kiev to Vladivostok]. Prague: Russian Tradition Publ., 2012 (in Russian).
  8. Pichlik, K., Klipa, B, and Zabloudilova, J. Českoslovenšti legionáři (1914–1920) [CzechoSlovak legionaries]. Praha: Mladá fronta Publ., 1996 (in Czech).
  9. Saharov, K.V. Belaya Sibir. Vnutrennayay voyna. 1918–1920 [White Siberia. Internal War 1918−1920]. Munich: [S.n.], 1923 (in Russian).
  10. Saharov, K.V. Chechskie legionary v Sibiri (Chechskoe predatelstvo) [Czech Legionaries in Siberia (Czech betrayal)]. Berlin: [S.n.], 1930 (in Russian).
  11. Sak, R. Anabáze. Drama československých legionářu v Rusku (1914–1920) [Anabasis. Drama of Czechoslovak Legionaries in Russia. 1914–1920]. Jinochany: H&H Publ., 1996 (in Czech).
  12. Savický, I. Osudová setkání. Češi v Rusku a rusové v Čechách. 1914–1938 [Restless meetings. Czechs in Russia and Russians in Czechia. 1914–1938]. Prague: Academy Publ., 1999 (in Czech).
  13. Shitov, V.V. Dom Ipatieva: lepisnaya hronika v dokumentah i fotografiyah (1877–1977) [Ipatiev’s House: chronicle at documents and photos (1877–1977)]. Yekaterinburg; Chelyabinsk: Avto Graf Publ., 2013 (in Russian).
  14. Skácel, J. Československá armada v Rusku a Kolčak. Protibolševický odboj v roce 1918– 1920 [Czecho-Slovak army in Russia and Kolchak. Anti-Bolshevistic opposition 1918–1920]. Praha: Památníku Odboje Publ., 1926 (in Czech).
  15. Vácha, D. Ostrovy v bouři. Každodenní život československých legií v ruské občanské válce 1918–1920 [Islands in the storm. Czechoslovak legionnaires everyday life in Russian Civil war (1918–1920)]. Praha: Epocha Publ., 2016 (in Czech).
  16. Za svobodu. Obrázková kronika československého revolučního hnutí na Rusi. 1914–1920 [For freedom. Czecho-Slovak revolutionary movement in Russia. Illustrate chronicle. 1914–1920]. Vol. 5. Praha: Za svobodu Publ., 1929 (in Czech).
  17. Zeman, A. Převedení čsl. vojska na ochranu magistrály. Cestami odboje. Jak žily a kudy táhly čs. legie [Czecho-Slovak army changes for protection of trunk line. Opposition ways. How lives and where goes Czecho-Slovak legionary]. Vol. 4. Praha: Pokrok Publ., 1928 (in Czech).
  18. Archív Ministerstva zahraničnich vĕci ČR [Archive of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic], fond Sibiřské archivy, k. 2, 4.
  19. Gosudarstvennyi arhiv Rossiyskoy Federatsii [State Archive of the Russian Federation], f. 176, op. 1, d. 61.
  20. Gosudarstvennyi arhiv Sverdlovskoy oblasti [State Archive of the Sverdlovsk region] (thereafter – GA SO), f. 1951r, op. 1, d. 2.
  21. GA SO, f. 1952r, op. 1, d. 1.
  22. GA SO, f. 1956r, op. 1, d. 12, 15.



Abstract - 323

PDF (Russian) - 239




Copyright (c) 2019 Dmitriev N.I.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies