Vol 7, No 2 (2020)

Russian and Foreign Practices of Social Regulation
The Role of Regional Compatriotship in Recruitment of Administrative Elites: The Potential of Network Analysis for Study of Elites in Russia
Sherstobitov A.S., Begar E.V., Gorohov N.M., Dmitrieva V.D., Dybkina A.N., Eremin D.N., Kiseleva O.S., Kovalevskiy A.V.
Abstract

The paper is devoted to presentation of the one aspect of the research project dedicated to study of political administrative elite in contemporary Russia. It is based on the network analysis methodology that is not widely used by Russian scholars of elites. The authors establish their approach on the mapping of the social networks within elite groups. Although the explanatory power of the network approach is still comparatively weak it is applied as exploratory method for structuring of empirical data, find the trends and set the research questions and hypotheses. The study of networks based on the birthplace is presented in the paper. The key research question is the following: are there cohesive subgroups based on birthplace compatriotship in federal executive branch of power? Federal ministers, deputy ministers and heads of departments are included into sample. The authors find that regional compatriotship is not the important factor of the recruitment of the federal political administrative elite. However, in some cases the cohesive groups based on compatriotship ties appear within one ministry. For example, when the authors reduce the sample to those who were born after 1970, several cohesive subgroups of regional compatriots are found.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):99-108
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Public-Private Partnership as an Effective Tool for Regional Marketing in Russia
Akhmetovaa A.B., Kakoev E.U.
Abstract

The article is focused on a regional marketing and the study of the role of public-private partnership instruments in terms of the development of the regional infrastructure of Russia. Improving the investment climate is the main condition for the success of the socio-political and economic development of the state. The authors analyzed the current economic conditions and the consequences of sanctions against Russia, as well as the dependence of the economy on foreign direct investment. The paper considers the economic situation of the regions of the Russian Federation under the conditions of sanctions by Western countries in the formation of import substitution. Particular attention is paid to the mechanisms and methods of economic policy of the central and regional authorities of Russia in the use of tools and methods of regional marketing on the example of public-private partnerships (PPP), which help to attract investment to the regions and to the country as a whole, allowing finding additional financing, improving the efficiency of public investments.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):109-117
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The Phenomenon of Company Towns: Specific Features of Their Genesis and Development
Ulyanychev M.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the social phenomenon of single-industry towns (company towns), their role in the modern market economy, their genesis in Russia and other countries. The author observes historical stages of development of single-industry towns in Russia, as well as the features of their occurrence in the Soviet Union in connection with city-forming enterprises, which in addition to economic activities performed social functions. The characteristics of the development of single-industry towns in Europe, North America and are being compared. Distinctive features of the industrial enterprises of the cities formed in the Soviet Union are allocated. The article analyzes the problems of functioning and development of single-industry towns, examines foreign and domestic strategies for the rehabilitation of single-industry municipalities, including current measures to support such towns in the Russian Federation.
RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):118-123
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INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Militia Counterinsurgency: Perspective on the Motivations of Civilian Joint Task Force Militia Participation in Northern Nigeria
Gana M.L.
Abstract
Since the year 2013, Nigeria’s northeastern region epicenter of the Boko Haram Islamist insurgency waging war for the establishment of an Islamic State has witnessed mass participation of people in a civil militia group. The militia group colloquially describing itself Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) was formed to combat the Boko Haram rebellion. Perhaps, the participation of the CJTF in the combating activities was reportedly influential in reducing the Boko Haram hostilities in most communities. Prior to the CJTF, the counterinsurgency approaches of the Nigerian governments’ Special Joint Task Force and the Multinational Joint Task Force of the Member States of Lake Chad Basin Commission was faced with lackadaisical performances. Whereas the CJTF was reportedly successful, however, the interrupted participation of the people despite the attendant human and material cost has risen suspicion among the population and the critical literature about the groups’ true motivation. This article, therefore, investigated the motivations of the CJTF in northeastern Nigeria. The study was conducted through a qualitative approach designed in a case study. The data was collected from thirteen informants from three groups - CJTF, Community Leaders and State/Local Government authorities. The technique of data collection is in-depth interviews and non-participant observation. The finding revealed personal incentive factors of monetary/material gains, and the futuristic interest of employability drives peoples’ participation. To address the economic interests of the CJTF and as a panacea to prevent the manifestation of the security threats associated with the CJTF group, the study recommends for the establishment of charity centers to receive contributions from well to do citizens to ameliorate the economic needs of the participants. The government should also propound strong legal mechanisms to regulate the activities of the CJTF militia.
RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):124-134
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Economic Factors Undermining National Security: Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap, Australia
Beck M.
Abstract
The article analyses Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap in Australia that is used by the United States to controls satellites pinpoint airstrikes around the world. The Joint Facility rises political controversy in Australia (especially after Edward Snowden’s revelations) as many doubt if it is in Australia’s best interests to contribute data for drone assassinations and targeting US nuclear weapons. Considering Australia’s policy towards Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap the author raises the question whether national security can be “outsourced” to save budget funds. The article concludes that in Australia it is noticeable that human intelligence potential in financial terms is less valued than some construction, manual jobs. Considering that Russia and China, which are in the focus of Pine Gap intelligence gathering do not outsource its national security and were more successful in preventing major information leaks, moreover in preventing major terrorist attacks on their soil, is indicating that national security should not be privatized.
RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):135-140
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US-India Nexus & Chinese Appraisal: Triangular Exertions in Central & East Asia (Brief Description)
Nisar R.D.
Abstract
Apart from the past ideological differences, distrust, divergence of the interests, US and India relationships has been transformed from the estrangement to partnership and at least into potent nexus with the awake of the twenty first century. Since the threshold of the century, Asia is the central part of the world politics where several regional and extra-regional actors are trying to secure their interests and want to maintain their hegemony. Apart from India, China and Japan, the US and Russia are the powerful players in the Asian political theatre. After the collapse of the USSR, India and China have emerged as strong regional powers and they are playing their imperative role in the Asian affairs. Fast growth of Chinese economics, arms modernization, advancement in the technology and its course of actions in Asian region and in the sea lane of transportation push the US leadership to reshape its security policies and choose new alliance by adoption of alliance making theory in the context of balance of power in the Asia to secure its position in the region and balance or counter rising threats. Besides this, due to Indian democratic values, rising power, strategical position near the Indian Ocean, nuclear potential and power to contain China, Delhi is perceived in Washington as a valuable ally. The ‘India VS China’ in the context of economic race, past rivalry, and border issues and ‘The US VS China’ indicate that the US takes India as a countervail power to balance China in Asian periphery and wants balance of power. According to Chinese political analysts, the aim behind the ongoing US-India juxtaposition is to counter the rising China. This article tries to answer the following questions: “What is the crucial factor behind the inauguration of current US-India Nexus and specially in East and Central Asia?”, “What is the general perception of China regarding US-India nexus?”, “And what is the course of actions of three powers in Central and East Asia to preserve their positions and interests in respective regions?”.
RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):141-154
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ACADEMIC LIFE
Eye Tracking: Potential Applications for Public Management, Political Branding and Election Campaigns
Ignatovskiy Y.R., Ivanov V.G.
Abstract

The article analyzes potential of applying contemporary eye-tracking technologies in the areas of analytical support of political activities and public administration. The authors conclude that eye-tracking research could be applied to planning of information and election campaigns, counter-extremism activities in the Internet, party branding and political SMM. The article shows that in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, an increasing share of information, management and regulatory functions are performed online, which further updates the possibilities of using eye-tracking to improve remote public services and optimize their usability.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):155-160
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Development of Research Interest Among Undergraduate Students During the Preparation of Final Qualifying Work (VKR) on the Example of State and Municipal Administration Educational Program
Isaeva I.E.
Abstract

The article presents the characteristics of research interest and its development on the example of University students bachelor’s degree qualification, the analysis of publications of domestic and foreign authors on the subject, the factors contributing to the formation and development of research interest, its importance in the cognitive activity of the student and the results of its manifestation in the educational process of the University. The article is written on the basis of prolonged observations of students and interim results of these studies. In the analysis of the intermediate results involved the students themselves. The criteria of positive result of the development of research interest: the desire to continue learning in the magistracy, initiative and diligence in selecting topics and preparing the content of future scientific publications, participation in scientific conferences and competitions. Research interest is considered from the point of view of the continuing educational activities of the University student, is its qualitative characteristics, which confirms the perceived need of the student in independent scientific work. Currently, due to the current tasks of the students’ bachelor’s degree qualification with modern requirements to educational activities and rapidly changing conditions of modern life and the demands of implementation in the profession, creativity becomes a necessary component of cognitive activity and its specific directions. The article considers creativity as the main outcome of interest and the possibility of further professional development. The paper proposed specific measures in order to develop the research interest of the student’s bachelor’s degree qualification in the learning process highlighted the importance of qualifying work in the process of formation of key qualifications, including research activities.

RUDN Journal of Public Administration. 2020;7(2):161-169
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