SOCIAL WELFARE AS A FACTOR OF PREVENTIVE MEASURES OF EXTREMISM AMONG YOUTHS

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Abstract


The article deals with factors in the spread of extremism among young people, in particular, due to the decrease in the level of satisfaction with existing conditions of life. The author emphisizes the fact that the level of life satisfaction is a comprehensive measure that reflects both personal feelings and objective side of life. The author clarifies that the degree of life satisfaction does not directly affect the behavior of young people in its conformist-protest activities, but reflects the nature of social relations, the level of material well-being, social and educational progress, etc. In the article the results of studies reflecting the assessment by the respondents of different spheres of life, the level of trust the youth to the state and public institutions, as well as the priority ways of solving challenges facing the young people of the problems and possibilities of young people to join the agencies, organizations, and movements that spread extremist ideas and behaviors. The author concludes that the youth don't participate in extremist movements because of a number of interrelated factors such as: general political apathy and alienation of the population from participation in any active political, including protest, and action; in the Russian society there are a specific structure of a civil action, dominated by detached interest in the events, but not direct personal participation; institutional constraints have a great importance, that's why extremism is actually outside the space of public morality.

Irina N Trofimova

The Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: itnmv@mail.ru
Institute of Sociology

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