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This special issue “Personality in the Context of  Dialogue of Cultures: For Tatiana Stefanenko’s Anniversary” of the RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics is dedicated to the anniversary of the outstanding Russian scientist, Tatiana G. Stefanenko (1949 – 2018), one of the founders of modern Russian ethnopsychology and cross-cultural research.

Our announcement published in the Journal and its website, social networks and in newsletters was caught on by those who knew and loved Tatiana Stefanenko, who studied and worked with her on numerous projects or at conferences. All their responses were filled with warmth and gratitude to Tatiana Stefanenko for her contribution to Russian ethnopsychology, for her textbooks, lectures and articles as well as for her participation in the life of her colleagues and students. We received more than 30 papers from different countries. The final version of the issue includes 16 publications that reflect different facets of the Tatiana Stefanenko’s phenomenon as a scientific researcher, practical ethnopsychologist, teacher, organiser and leader, as an amazing person who left an indelible mark not only in science but also in the lives of all those who were lucky to know her.

The section “Modern Ethnopsychology in the Context of Dialogue of Cultures” includes articles concerned with the problems that Tatiana Stefanenko dealt with as an ethnopsychologist and a specialist in intercultural interaction. The specialists of the Cross-cultural Psychology and Multicultural Education Department at Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, with most of whom Tatiana Gavrilovna closely collaborated, — Oleg E. Khukhlaev, Valentina V. Gritsenko, Olga S. Pavlova, Natalia V. Tkachenko, Shushanik A. Usubian, Valeria A. Shorokhova — in their article “Comprehensive Intercultural Competence Model: Theoretical Substantiation” propose a version of a new comprehensive model of intercultural (ethnocultural) competence developed at the intersection of Russian and foreign concepts, one of which had been previously proposed by Tatiana Stefanenko. Elena O. Golynchik, her colleague in the Department of Social Psychology at Lomonosov Moscow State University, in the article “The Ethos of Intractable Interethnic Conflicts: Research Approaches and Perspectives” continues the study of the phenomenology of intractable intergroup conflicts that T.G. Stefanenko began in Russian psychology.  The article “Sino-Russian Intercultural Communication Research: Literature Review” by Nadezhda M. Lebedeva (who, like Tatiana Stefanenko, stood at the origins of modern ethnopsychological and cross-cultural studies in our country) and Ekaterina D. Vasilyeva (Centre for Sociocultural Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics) presents a review of research on Russian-Chinese intercultural communication. Tatiana Stefanenko had always taken a keen interest in these issues both as a researcher and a person, because, being the daughter of a Soviet diplomat, she had lived for many years in China.

The section “New Trends in Cross-Cultural Research” contains the article “Cross-Cultural Neuropsychology: History and Prospects” by Alfredo Ardila. The author, a follower of Alexander R. Luria, for many years has continued the tradition of the cultural-historical approach, with which he familiarised himself during his studies at the Faculty of Psychology at Lomonosov Moscow State University. A. Ardila is the founder of one of the new areas of cross-cultural research, i.e. cross-cultural neuropsychology, the formation and development of which is discussed in this article.

The next section of the issue is devoted to various areas of “Applied Ethnopsychological Research”. Nadezhda M. Melnikova (M.K.Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University) continues the topic of intercultural competence, which is discussed in the first article of the issue. In the article Intercultural Competence of Psychologists: Problems and Prospects of Study and Development”, the author, based on her own experience of psychological work in the multicultural environment of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) considers the specifics of preparing psychologists for cross-cultural counselling, analyses important aspects in how psychologists develop and manifest intercultural competence during ethnopsychological field studies and explores the ethical issues of psychological activity related to intercultural competence/incompetence of specialists. Elena Yu. Chebotareva, Mira A. Konina and Alla S. Rudenko in their article Ethnic Identity of Russian Women in Interethnic Marriages and Its Relationship with their Attachment to Husbands and their Separation from Parents” present the results of an empirical study of ethnic identity (one of the central problems in the scientific work of Tatiana Stefanenko) in the context of intercultural marriages, the number of which is constantly growing both in Russia and around the world. Our colleagues from Penza State University, Vsevolod V. Konstantinov and Marina V. Babaeva, in their article “Transformation of Ethnic Identity of Armenian Migrants Involved and Non-involved in the Activities of Their National Cultural Autonomy” also consider the results of the study of ethnic identity, but in the context of another pressing problem, i.e. the growth of migration processes in modern society. Aida I. Egorova (M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University) in her article “Psycholinguistic Analysis of the Associations of the Concepts ‘Man’ and ‘Woman’ Typical of the Siberian Turkic Peoplespresents the results of an interdisciplinary study carried out at the intersection of ethnopsychology and psycholinguistics based on the results of the expedition to national regions of Russia (Altai Republic, Tyva, Khakassia, Sakha (Yakutia)), which chimes with the traditions of emic-research thoroughly described by Tatiana Stefanenko in her famous textbook on Ethnopsychology.

The articles included in the section “Tatiana G. Stefanenko: Scientist,  Teacher and Person. Touches to the Portrait” reveal some personality traits, relationships with colleagues and facts of Tatyana Stefanenko’s biography that are not known to a wide audience, for example, details of her collaboration with the most multinational University of Russia, i.e. RUDN University (Irina A. Novikova and Olga V. Maslova); involvement in the development and testing of training for intercultural interaction (Olga V. Luneva); contribution to the work of the dissertation council of the Southern Federal University (Anna I. Tashcheva) and traditional ethnopsychological conferences in Smolensk (Valentina V. Gritsenko); participation not only in scientific activities but also in the personal life of her students (Aleksandra S. Kupavskaya). All the articles in this section are permeated with a special personal attitude to Tatiana Stefanenko, which the authors found it possible to share with readers in order to pay tribute to the wonderful person whom they were lucky to know.

The section “Scientific Chronicle” includes two reports. One of them tells about Tatiana Stefanenko’s contribution to the development of ethnopsychological research at Baku State University (Yuri E. Shirkov, Aydan A. Azimzade, Ulkar U. Hasanova, Leyla Z. Novruzova), the other one is focused on a broader topic reflecting another aspect of intercultural dialogue, i.e. a historical retrospective of the work of individual psychologists and psychological organizations in the United Nations (Harold Takushyan).

The special issue is completed with a review of a book on cognitive-behavioural therapy across cultures (Iwamasa, G.Y., & P.A. Hays (2019), (Eds.). Culturally Responsive Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Washington DC: American Psychological Association), written by Debbie J. Ellis, one of the classicists of rational-emotive behavioural therapy. We are sure that this book would not have gone unnoticed by Tatiana Stefanenko who had always been aware of new publications on cross-cultural topics. We also hope that the book will find its readers in Russia.

In conclusion, we want to note that some articles submitted to the editorial board during the preparation of this special issue were not included in it for various reasons, primarily because of the limited volume of the publication. Nevertheless, the editorial board will try to publish most of these articles in subsequent issues in our traditional sections on the study of personality in the context of intercultural dialogue.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):7-12
Comprehensive Model of Intercultural Competence: Theoretical Substantiation
Khukhlaev O.E., Gritsenko V.V., Pavlova O.S., Tkachenko N.V., Usubian S.A., Shorokhova V.A.


The paper presents theoretical substantiation and development of the authors’ comprehensive model of intercultural competence (ICC), based on the analysis and generalization of empirical models of intercultural interaction existing in Western and Russian science. The model is based on 9 constructs: intercultural stability/sustainability, intercultural flexibility, intercultural openness, intercultural interest, absence of ethnocentrism, cultural sensitivity, intercultural empathy, management of intercultural relations, and tolerance to intercultural uncertainty. Those constructs are combined into three groups of characteristics: 1) intercultural traits; 2) attitudes and mentality features; 3) intercultural skills. Basic mechanisms by which the distinguished constructs of intercultural competence contribute to intercultural efficiency are substantiated - this is maintenance of an optimal level of sensitivity to uncertainty and an optimal level of anxiety in the process of intercultural communication. The role of each component of intercultural competence is shown. Constructs “Cultural Sensitivity”, “Intercultural Empathy”, “Management of Intercultural Relations”, “Tolerance to Intercultural Uncertainty”, and “Intercultural Flexibility” make a significant contribution to maintaining the optimal level of sensitivity to uncertainty and thereby contribute to increasing effectiveness of intercultural interaction. Such components of intercultural competence as “Intercultural Empathy”, “Intercultural Interest”, “Lack of Ethnocentrism”, “Intercultural Openness”, “Tolerance to Intercultural Uncertainty”, maintain the optimal level of anxiety, which contributes to the effectiveness of intercultural communication. It is emphasized that none of the components of the ICC is a universal predictor of the success of intercultural interaction, this effect being achieved only through an integrative combination with other ICC constructs.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):13-28
The Ethos of Intractable Interethnic Conflict: Research Approaches and Prospects
Golynchik E.O.


The present article deals with the concept of ‘ethos’ as applied to intractable interethnic conflicts - this topic has hardly ever been addressed in Russian scientific literature. The ethos of conflict is defined as a system of social beliefs and myths shared by a large group of people involved in a long-term intractable conflict and closely connected with the history of the conflict that dominates in this society, i.e. the collective memory of it. The concept of ‘intractable interethnic conflict’ was introduced into Russian psychology by T.G. Stefanenko, who began to study the phenomenology of such conflicts at the Department of Social Psychology of Lomonosov Moscow State University. Following the line, the article introduces the reader to modern research in this area. In the first part of the work, the author gives a definition of an intractable conflict, analyzes D. Bar-Tal’s theory of the ethos of conflict and describes methods for studying it applied in foreign social psychology. The author also describes the content of eight topics, around which the beliefs that make up the ethos of conflict are grouped. The second part of the article deals with the critics of contemporary ethos of conflict researches and new approaches to this phenomenon. The following three current trends in studying the ethos of conflict are highlighted: the first one is associated with an attempt to explain the ethos of conflict stability within the categories of J. Jost’s system justification theory (SJT); the second one is based on the assumption that the beliefs of members of a conflicting group are not uniform; therefore, it is important to study not only the prevailing social point of view on the conflict but also alternative views of minor or even outsider groups (rather opposing the ethos), because it is often an alternative view that can help out of a seemingly insoluble situation; and the last one is connected with research at the intersection of the phenomenology of the ethos of conflict and collective memory.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):29-50
Sino-Russian Intercultural Communication Research: Literature Review
Vasilyeva E.D., Lebedeva N.M.


International relations between China and Russia have a long-lasting history. At the same time interpersonal contacts between these two ethnic groups face difficulties associated with language, cultural distance, prejudices and other factors. This article presents a review of studies on the problem of Russian-Chinese intercultural interaction. Due to its interdisciplinary nature the studies are scattered both methodologically and with respect to its theoretical foundations. In this regard, we conditionally divide the considered works into four main areas: studying the perception of the image of Russia and China among Russians and Chinese, classification of Sino-Russian communication barriers, cross-cultural analysis of communication components, and indigenous concepts of Chinese psychology related to the process of intercultural interaction. A brief review of the modern research results gained by Russian and Chinese authors on effective communication and building trustful relationships is given. The results of studies revealing important differences at the level of verbal and non-verbal communication are presented. Particular attention is paid to cross-cultural research aimed at identifying etic and emic attributes of the situation of intercultural interaction. The most common approaches to understanding the concept of trust and its operationalization in Chinese studies are described. The importance of further studying mechanisms of building trustful relationships between representatives of the two countries is noted. In conclusion, unresolved problems and current trends in the study of intercultural communication are identified.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):51-63
Cross-Cultural Neuropsychology: History and Prospects
Ardila A.


It is proposed that cross-cultural neuropsychology analyzes the influence of cultural variables on cognition from a neurological perspective. It includes three major questions: 1. How are current neuropsychological tests affected by the cultural conditions? (2) Are there differences in the brain organization of cognition depending upon the culture? (3) How is brain pathology manifested in different cultural contexts? A history of cross-cultural neuropsychology is presented emphasizing that the interest in cultural issues is observed since the very beginning of neuropsychology. An analysis of culture is introduced, explaining how culture has been interpreted in different ways, but can be understood as the specific way of living of a human group. Further, it is discussed why culture is important in neuropsychology, followed by an analysis of some cultural variables. Special emphasis in schooling, considering that education represents a major variable affecting the performance in diverse cognitive tests. Several illustrative examples of research in cross-cultural neuropsychology are finally presented.
RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):64-78
Intercultural Competence of Psychologists: Problems and Prospects of Study and Development
Melnikova N.M.


The article is concerned with the problem of cross-cultural training of psychologists. The author analyses various approaches to the definition and development of intercultural competence and highlights professional and ethical problems of psychological activity related to cultural competence/incompetence of specialists. Particular attention is paid to the specifics in training psychologists for cross-cultural counselling, the experience of organising psychological work in a multi-cultural environment, using the example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), as well as some important aspects in how psychologists develop and manifest intercultural competence during ethnopsychological field studies. An analysis of the accumulated practical experience in a multicultural environment made it possible to identify the conditions for the successful development of cross-cultural competence, setting the psychologist’s value foundations and motivational readiness to communicate with people of other cultures. These conditions include: (1) a humanistic approach in psychology; (2) a subjectsubject approach to communication; (3) formation of scientific and professional thinking; (4) purposeful development of such mechanisms of understanding other people as decentration and reflection; and (5) mastering of conflict-resolution and group-work technologies. In this regard, the author concludes that the development of intercultural competence in the domestic psychologists’ training system requires not only a detailed discussion of ethical issues related to the psychologist’s activities or specifics of cross-cultural communication within the studied disciplines, but also the introduction of special cross-cultural communication development programmes and trainings in intercultural competence and cultural sensitivity. The cross-cultural training of psychologists can be based on the working model of ethnocultural competence proposed by T.G. Stefanenko. It is emphasized that the development of intercultural competence should involve not only an individual person but the entire professional community through research and open discussion of the current state of cross-cultural competence of psychologists as well as the entire complex of ethical issues.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):79-100
Ethnic Identity of Russian Women in Interethnic Marriages and its Relationship with Their Attachment to Spouses and Separation from Parents
Chebotareva E.Y., Konina M.A., Rudenko A.S.


The article presents a comparative study of the types of ethnic identity in conjunction with the styles of attachment in a couple and separation from the parental family of women who are in intercultural and monocultural marriages. The main sample consisted of 198 Russian women aged 21 to 55 years ( M = 36.1), including 84 women married to representatives of their own culture and living in Russia and 114 women married to representatives of the titular nationality of one of six European countries and living in the countries of their husbands. The study involved the following methods: “Multi-Item Measure of Adult Romantic Attachment - MIMARA”, adapted by T.L. Kryukova, O.A. Ekimchik; “Attachment to Close People Inventory” (N.V. Sabelnikova, D.V. Kashirsky); “Questionnaire of psychological separation” by J. Hoffman, adapted by T.Yu. Sadovnikova, V.P. Dzukaeva; and “Method for diagnosing types of ethnic identity” (G.U. Soldatova, S.V. Ryzhova). In general, the results of the study show that for women in interethnic marriages living in a foreign cultural environment, attachment to both their parents and husbands is more secure and positive, whereas the style of ethnic identity is more extreme and is associated with internal conflict. Women from intercultural marriages revealed different features of ethnic identity depending on the length of their marriage. It is shown that the style of ethnic identity is closely connected with attachment relationships. For women in monoethnic marriages living in their native country, it is more associated with separation from their parents but, for women in interethnic marriages living in a foreign country, it is to a greater extent associated with attachment to their husbands. In both cases, positive ethnic identity is associated with insecure attachment and dependence on their parents and husbands, while extreme forms of ethnic identity are associated with secure attachment and personal autonomy in relationships. The results of this study allow the specialists to take into account the specific social situation of interethnic couples more accurately in the course of psychological, social and other assistance to such couples, to develop constructive ways of discussing and maintaining cultural differences in the couple.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):101-127
Transformation of Ethnic Identity of Armenian Migrants Involved and Non-Involved in the Activities of Their National Cultural Autonomy
Konstantinov V.V., Babaeva M.V.


The paper discusses the results of a longitudinal empirical study on the types and manifestations of ethnic identity of Armenian migrants, its transformation depending on the participation/non-participation of representatives of the Armenian ethnos in the activities of the Armenian national cultural autonomy of Penza. The survey sample was formed from representatives of the Armenian ethnic group living in the Penza region: 100 during the initial diagnosis and 92 of them after the repeated diagnosis. The time period between the first and second stages of the study was 5 years. At each stage the sample included two equal subgroups: Armenian migrants who participated and did not participate in the activities of the national community. The features of ethnic identity were diagnosed by means of the Type of Ethnic Identity (TEI) technique (G.I. Soldatova and S.V. Ryzhova) and the technique for assessing the positivity and uncertainty of ethnic identity (A.N. Tatarko and N.M. Lebedeva). Student’s t -test was used for statistical data processing. The results of the study confirm the assumption that migrants who interact over a long stretch of time with their community organisation have less pronounced hyper-ethnic attitudes like ethno-egoism and ethno-isolationism. The repeated diagnosis revealed a decreasing tendency in the number of migrants in both groups with predominant positive ethnic identity and an increasing tendency in the number of migrants with ethnoindifference, which is most likely a natural reaction to their long staying in another culture and adaptation to it. The results of the study are likely to be useful in developing programs for the prevention of inter-ethnic conflicts in modern society, when it is necessary to take into account the role of national cultural autonomies in the process of migrants’ adaptation in the host society.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):128-142
Psycholinguistic Analysis of the Associations of the Concepts “Man” and “Woman” Typical of the Siberian Turkic Peoples
Egorova A.I.


This study examines the associations of the concepts “Man” and “Woman” typical of the Turkic peoples of Siberia, i.e. Altaians, Tuvans, Khakas, and Yakuts. The objective of the study was to identify the semantic fields of stimuli associated with these concepts determined by the ethnocultural context. The study tested the hypothesis that the core of the associative fields of these concepts, in a meaningful sense, will have more similarities than differences among the Turkic ethnic groups mentioned above. The study involved 487 representatives of the Siberian Turkic peoples, namely 80 Altaians, 157 Tuvans, 126 Khakas, and 124 Yakuts, including 230 men and 257 women aged 18-65, of whom 145 were with a secondary general education, 73 were technical school graduates and 269 had an academic degree. The main research method was a survey with elements of an associative experiment. A total of 1844 associations were revealed, including 914 for the stimulus “man” and 930 for the stimulus “woman”. During the content analysis, all the answers were divided into six categories, which included subcategories and various indicators, i.e. ‘Physical characteristics’, ‘Status-role characteristics’, ‘Man’, ‘Subject, nature, abstraction, image’, ‘Personal qualities’, and ‘Behavioural characteristics’. By the number of references in the images “man” and “woman”, the first three ranks belong to ‘Status-role characteristics’, ‘Personal qualities’ and ‘Physical characteristics’. As for the core of the associative fields of the concept “man”, the respondents included the following indicators in it: ‘strong’, ‘defender’, ‘can stand up for his family’, ‘can defend the rights of his family’, ‘supporter of the family’, ‘shoulder’, ‘adviser’, ‘provider’, ‘breadwinner’, ‘father’, ‘dad’, ‘parent’, ‘master of the house’, ‘courageous’; and specifically: ‘smart’ (Tuvans and Khakas); ‘brave’, ‘fearless’, ‘bold’, ‘valiant’ (Tuvans and Yakuts); ‘stands by his word’ (Altaians); ‘strong-willed’ (Yakuts). The core of the associative fields of the concept “woman” included such indicators as: ‘beautiful’, ‘striking’, ‘well-groomed’, ‘attractive’, ‘nice’, ‘sweet’, ‘mom’, ‘mistress of the house’, ‘guardian of the hearth’, ‘feminine’, ‘soft’, ‘tender’, ‘kind’, ‘affectionate’, ‘kind-hearted’, ‘generous’, ‘helpful’, ‘sincere’, ‘smart’, ‘wife’, ‘caring’. The results of the study can be used for developing concepts and programmes of gender and family policy of the state as well as find application in the work of services of social and psychological assistance to families in the national regions of the Russian Federation.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):143-158
Tatiana G. Stefanenko’s Contribution to the Development of Ethnopsychology at RUDN University: Inspiring Leadership
Novikova I.A., Maslova O.V.


The article describes Tatiana G. Stefanenko’s cooperation with teachers and students of the Social and Differential Psychology Department of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), the most international university in Russia. The authors focus on contribution of T.G. Stefanenko’s contribution to the development of ethnopsychological science and practice at the RUDN University: teaching ethnopsychology, conducting intercultural competence trainings, organising joint scientific research on the intercultural adaptation of international students and other ethnopsychological problems.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):159-167
Tatiana G. Stefanenko - an Example of Professionalism, Education, Modesty
Gritsenko V.V.


The article is devoted to unforgettable memories of the author’s meetings with an amazing person, Tatiana G. Stefanenko. She was an outstanding scientist whose contribution to Russian Ethnopsychology cannot be overestimated. She played a key role in organizing Smolensk ethnopsychological conferences. However, her interests were by no means limited only to scientific activity - she was fond of painting, music and theater. In addition, Tatiana will be remembered as a kind-hearted, sympathetic, sincere and surprisingly modest person.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):168-173
Cross'Cultural Communication Training: Dedicated to the Memory of Tatiana G. Stefanenko
Luneva O.V.


The article is dedicated to the memory of Tatiana G. Stefanenko, Professor of the Department of Social Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, who made a significant contribution to ethnopsychology as well as to the training of ethnopsycologists. The focus is on her participation in developing and testing the cross-cultural communication training project and some facets of the researcher’s personality.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):174-182
In Loving Memory of Unique Person
Tashcheva A.I.


This publication contains memories of Tatiana G. Stefanenko, a unique person, professor of the Faculty of Psychology of Lomonosov Moscow State University, one of the leading Russian ethnopsychologists.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):183-188
The Teacher and Scientific Mum: Dedicated to the Memory of Tatiana G. Stefanenkо
Kupavskaya A.S.


The article is dedicated to the memory of Tatiana G. Stefanenko, Professor of the Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, the teacher and the friend, and talking about the way she influenced and inspired the new generation of crosscultural psychologists on personal and professional levels.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):189-195
Tatiana G. Stefanenko’s Impact to the Development of Ethnopsychological Research in Azerbaijan
Shirkov Y.E., Azimzade A.A., Hasanova U.U., Novruzova L.Z.


The article provides a brief historical survey of the Azerbaijani school of ethnopsychological research, revealing the role of T.G. Stefanenko in its development. The authors present the results accumulated during the first years of ethnopsychological studies in Baku under the direct supervision of T.G. Stefanenko: (1) features of the ethnic identity of adolescents from Azerbaijani and Azerbaijani-Russian families; (2) cross-cultural differences in the value orientations of students living in Azerbaijan and Russia; and (3) the relationship of the time perspective and characteristics of ethnic identity among representatives of Azerbaijani and Russian cultures.

RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):196-208
Psychological Science at the United Nations: Historical Trends
Takooshian H.


Since the United Nations was formed by 51 nations on June 26, 1945, psychology organizations were slow to register with the UN as nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the past 75 years. This essay briefly describes the four-stage history of psychology NGOs at the United Nations, which have grown far more active and coordinated since 2004.
RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):209-213
Appreciating CB Therapy Across Cultures: Book Review of: Iwamasa G.Y., & Hays, P.A. (Eds.). (2019). Culturally Responsive Cognitive Behavior Therapy. 2nd Edition. Washington DC: American Psychological Association. 348 p
Ellis D.J.


RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. 2020;17(1):214-218

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