Individual Educational Programs as New Mechanism of Integration between Higher Education and Labor Sphere

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Abstract


At present the problem of the integration between the higher education and the sphere of labor has become particularly urgent. It is noted that the attempts earlier made by a number of authors to solve the problem of the integration between the higher education and the labor sphere by combining educational and professional standards, as well as by harmonizing the requirements of the labor market for the qualifications of specialists and the competencies of graduates of higher education are facing significant difficulties. In this paper, we consider individual educational programs as one of the mechanisms of combining the higher education and labor. The analysis of the emerging differences between the higher education and the sphere of labor in the context of different educational models has been conducted. Thus, for example, within the framework of the professional model of the educational process organization, the possibilities of building individual educational programs are limited by the amount of labor intensity of the variable part of the educational program according to the field of study or subject specialism. At the same time, we are talking about professional individual educational programs, which are based on the processes of the formation of professional subjectivity of the student and the formation of his/her professional image. Such individual educational programs not only orient students on a certain type of work activity already at university, but also guarantee a well-grounded choice of the future profession. The paper focuses on the significant impact of the individualization of professional and professionalization of individual educational programs, as well as the multilevel structure of higher education on the nature of the integration of educational programs of higher education and the trajectories of professional development of young professionals. It is emphasized that the adaptation of students to the educational process, built on the principles of individualization of educational programs, is a key point of interdisciplinary psychological and pedagogical problems of the development of creative abilities of students and is accompanied by the mastery of new skills.


About the authors

Vasiliy S Senashenko

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: vsenashenko@mail.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), is Full Professor, Professor, Comparative Education Policy Department

Elena P Struchkova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: elenastruch1988@gmail.com
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

PhD student, Comparative Education Policy Department

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