Emotional State Features in Women Raising Children with Developmental Disorders

Cover Page

Abstract


The article is devoted to the results of a theoretical and empirical study of the emotional state of the modern women raising children with developmental disorders. This subject is relevant not only in the context of the emotional health of modern women, but also in connection with close psychological interference of mother and child with developmental disorders. According to the modern literature these parents have specific emotional sphere and personality characterized by a prevalence of guilt, anxiety, changing of value system, self-deprecation, etc. The most relevant is the analysis of the level of stress and depression as significant indicators of not only the emotional well-being, but also the possibilities of activating and implementing the adaptation and mobilization mechanisms of the personality. A comparative empirical study of the emotional state was conducted in the women raising children with developmental disorders and women raising healthy children. In accordance with the PSM-25 Psychological Stress Measure and the Beck Depression Inventory there is a decrease in the manifestation of an acute reaction to stress factors, the chronization of stress state with a tendency of the transition of the emotional sufferings to a depressive phase in the women raising children with developmental disorders. The results of the “Sack’s Sentence Completion Test” technique show that 80% of the answers of the mothers raising children with developmental disorders as “emotionally negative” whereas in the control sample “emotionally positive” answers prevail (85%). The data obtained in the course of empirical research allow us to state the expressed disruptiveness of the emotional condition of the women raising children with developmental disorders, the tendency to depression, mainly negative nature of emotional experiences, and chronic mental tension. The decrease in the level of stress in combination with higher rates of depression, demonstrates a decrease in the emotional adaptation potential of such women, the transition of experiences to a deeper, immobilizing level. The analysis of the research data suggests that it is necessary to start psychological support of mothers raising children with developmental disorders as early as possible, to develop adaptive ways of responding to a stressful situation, which will help prevent chronic stress and developing of a depression.


About the authors

Elena S. Grinina

Saratov State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: elena-grinina@yandex.ru
SPIN-code: 8942-0829
83 Astrakhanskaya St., Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation

Ph.D. in Psychology, is Associate Professor at Rehabilitation Technologies Department, the National Research Saratov State University

References

  1. Beliakova, A.S., & Grinina, E.S. (2017). K voprosu ob emotsional’nom sostoianii roditelei, vospityvaiushchikh detei s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostiami zdorov’ia. In O. Nesterova, R. Shamionov, L. Shipova, E. Piatkina, M. Konovalova (Eds), Reabilitatsiia, abilitatsiia i sotsializatsiia: mezhdistsiplinarnyi podkhod (pp. 218—226). Moscow: Pero Publ. (In Russ.)
  2. Bolotova, N.P. (2018). Psihologo-pedagogicheskoe izuchenie semej podrostkov s dvigatelnymi narusheniyami. Moscow: MPGU Publ. (In Russ.)
  3. Brazgun, T.N., & Tkacheva, V.V. (2018). A family of a child with Down syndrome in terms of interpersonal relationships research. Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 7(1), 28—39. https://doi.org/10.17759/psycljn.2018070103 (In Russ.)
  4. Derkach, S.P. (2017). Ispol’zovanie telesno-orientirovannykh metodov v rabote s roditelyami, vospityvayushhimi detej s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami zdorov’ya. Uchenye zametki TOGU, 8(2), 150—154. (In Russ.)
  5. Dubrovina, N.А., & Nabojchenko, E.S. (2018). The optimisation of parenting personal potential as an aspect of support for families of children with movement disorders. Education and Science Journal, 20(8), 129—147. (In Russ.)
  6. Efimova, I.E. (2018). Rezul’taty issledovaniya chuvstva viny u roditelej detej s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami zdorov’ya. Sovremennye Nauchnye Issledovaniya i Razrabotki, (6), 254—257. (In Russ.)
  7. Evlampieva, G.А. (2017). The role and importance of the emotional maturity of parents in the process of socialization of autistic children of preschool age. Psikhologiya. Istoriko-Kriticheskie Obzory i Sovremennye Issledovaniya, 6(5А), 112—124. (In Russ.)
  8. Grinina, E.S., & Rudzinskaya, T.F. (2016). Peculiarities of parent-child relations in families raising a child with disabilities. Izvestiya Saratovskogo Universitrta. (N.S.) Ser. Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 5(2), 163—168. (In Russ.)
  9. Khairudinova, R.I. (2015). Personal features and adaptive resources of the parents raising with limited opportunities of health in the conditions of realization of inclusive education. Sovremennye Problemy Nauki i Obrazovaniia, (6), 335—342. (In Russ.)
  10. Klyueva, N.V., & Mavrina, M.D. (2016). Psychological aspects of the relationship of parents and child with disabilities. Psikhologicheskoe Blagopoluchie Sovremennoj Sem’i (pp. 56—59). Yaroslavl: YSPU named after K.D. Ushinsky Publ. (In Russ.)
  11. Komkova, E., & Shurenkova, A. (2017). Emotional state of the mothers, bringing up healthy children and children with cerebral palsy. Science, Education, Society, 2(12), 61—68. (In Russ.)
  12. Korneeva, T.P., & Tarasenko, E.P. (2018). Psychological support for parents of children with disabilities. Forum. Seriya: Gumanitarnye i ehkonomicheskie nauki, (1), 9—15. (In Russ.)
  13. Levakova, E.M. (2016). The problem of developing parental attitude towards children with disabilities (case study of children with hearing impairment). Science Prospects, (3), 29—32. (In Russ.)
  14. Mazurova, N.V. (2014). Psyсhological assistance to the parents of long-term ill children: development of a model. The Russian Journal of Pediatrics, 17(1), 25—29. (In Russ.)
  15. Mishina, G.А., & Tarasova, А.D. (2018). Past, present and future of children with learning disabilities in the parental representation. Psychological Studies, 11(60), 9—13. (In Russ.)
  16. Mkrtchyan, А.I. (2009). Psikhologicheskie usloviya vzaimnogo vliyaniya ehmotsional’nogo sostoyaniya roditelej i detej s narusheniyami psikhologicheskogo razvitiya. Pyatigorsk State University Bulletin, (2), 432—433. (In Russ.)
  17. Permina, S.V., & Tsinevskaia, T.V. (2016). Osobennosti psikhologicheskogo sostoianiia zhenshchiny, vospityvaiushchei rebenka s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostiami. In V.V. Koslova (Ed.), Psikhologiia XXI stoletiia. Novye vozmozhnosti. Sbornik po materialam ezhegodnogo kongressa “Psikhologiia XXI stoletiia” (рр. 190—193). Yaroslavl: YSPU named after K.D. Ushinsky Publ. (In Russ.)
  18. Rean, A.A., Baranov, A.A., & Makhmutova, R.K. (2016). Optimizing family emotional interaction in the dyad “mother and preschool child with intellectual disabilities”. National Psychological Journal, 4(24), 108—114. (In Russ.)
  19. Seligman, M., & Darling, R. (2009). Ordinary families, special children. A Systems Approach to Childhood Disability. New York: The Guilford Press.
  20. Singer, G.H., Ethridge, B.L., & Aldana, S.I. (2007). Primary and secondary effects of parenting and stress management interventions for parents of children with developmental disabilities: a metaanalysis. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 13(4), 357—369. https://doi.org/10.1002/mrdd.20175
  21. Stepanova, N.А., Leshhenko, S.G., Khaidov, S.K. (2017). Psychological and pedagogical support of the child’s family with disabilities: organization, content, technology. Sovremennye Problemy Nauki i Obrazovaniya, (5), 254—262. (In Russ.)
  22. Tkacheva, V.V. (2004). Psikhologicheskoe Izuchenie Semej, Vospityvayushhikh Detej s Otkloneniyami v Razvitii. Moscow: MPSI Publ. (In Russ.)
  23. Tkacheva, V.V. (2016). Modern technologies of psychological aid to the family of a child with disabilities. Sovremennye Problemy Nauki i Obrazovaniya, (4), 155—163. (In Russ.)
  24. Tkachyova, V.V. (2017). Technology of Psychological Assistance to the Families of Children with Disabilities. Moscow: INFRA-M Publ. https://doi.org/10.12737/21495 (In Russ.)
  25. Tkacheva, V.V. (2019). K probleme psihicheskoj travmirovannosti chlenov semyi rebenka s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami zdorovya. In N.P. Bolotova, M.Yu. Chibisovа (Eds), Sociaynaya Psikhologiya Semyi (pp. 270—275). Moscow: Lyuks Publ. (In Russ.)
  26. Ustinova, Е.V. (2016). Osobennosti roditel’skoj pozicii otcov, vospityvayushchih detej s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami zdorov’ya. Korrekcionnaya Pedagogika: Teoriya i Praktika, 4(70), 55—69. (In Russ.)
  27. Zaborina, L.G. (2007). Research of mental tension state and emotional experience character of parents bringing up handicapped children. Siberian Journal of Psychology, (26), 136—140. (In Russ.)
  28. Zarubina, N.I. (2018). Psikhologicheskie osobennosti roditelej, vospityvayushhikh detej s OVZ i detejinvalidov, ikh uchet v pedagogicheskoj deyatel’nosti. Voprosy Pedagogiki, (2), 35—38. (In Russ.)
  29. Zubova, E.V. (2012). Peculiarities of psychological condition of parents with preschoolers with disabilities. Clinical Psychology and Special Education, (3), 28—45. https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse (In Russ.)

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 439

PDF (Russian) - 267

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2019 Grinina E.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies