Targets of Psychological Work for High Alexithymia People

Cover Page

Abstract


The article reviewed the modern empirical studies of alexithymia, summarized the theoretical understanding of the phenomenon of alexithymia, describes the difficulties faced by the people with a high level of alexithymia and suggested tips on psychological work with the alexithymic people. The novelty of this research consists in the formulation of the aspects of the practical work of a psychologist in order to increase the level of the adaptation of the alexithymics and improve the quality of their life. At the moment, this problem is covered in only a small amount of research. The main result of the article is the identification of the areas of psychological work with the alexithymics: (1) the improvement of the connection with the body; (2) the correction of personality problems; (3) the psychological assistance in the harmonization of the interpersonal relations. It has been shown that disrupted connection with the body is one of the most significant problems of the alexithymics and the factor which contributes to the development of psychosomatic diseases. For the improvement of the connection with the body the authors suggest such types of psychological work as the differentiation of physical feelings, a fuller understanding of the body map, the ability to control the condition of the body, the acceptance of the body and the increase in the satisfaction with it. The ways of working with the most significant personality problems of the alexithymics are singled out (correction of non-adaptive coping-strategies, low level of life satisfaction, rigidity, and instability of the emotional sphere). The areas of work on improving the relations of the alexithymics with the surrounding people are highlighted (gaining more knowledge about the emotional sphere, working with friends and relatives, teaching communication skills, taking into account the influence of alexithymia). Finally, the conclusion is made about the importance of the integrated psychological work with the people with a high level of alexithymia in order to develop the specific tools for comprehensive assistance to alexithymics.


About the authors

Emma V Gaus

Southern Federal University

Author for correspondence.
Email: emma@psygod.ru
13 Nagibina Ave., Rostov-na-Donu, 344038, Russian Federation

postgraduate student of General and Pedagogical Psychology Department, Academy of Psychology and Pedagogy, Southern Federal University

Evgeny A Pronenko

Southern Federal University

Email: pronenko@sfedu.ru
13 Nagibina Ave., Rostov-na-Donu, 344038, Russian Federation

Lecturer of General and Pedagogical Psychology Department, Academy of Psychology and Pedagogy, Southern Federal University

Olga S Vasilyeva

Southern Federal University

Email: vos@sfedu.ru
13 Nagibina Ave., Rostov-na-Donu, 344038, Russian Federation

Ph.D. in Biology, Professor, Professor of General and Pedagogical Psychology Department, Academy of Psychology and Pedagogy, Southern Federal University

References

  1. Akimenko, А.К. (2016). Alexithymia in the structure of coping behavior. Gumanitarnye osnovaniya sotsial’nogo progressa: Rossiya i sovremennost’. Conference Proceedings (pp. 127—131). Moscow: MGUDT Publ. (In Russ.)
  2. Bartosh, O.P., Bartosh, T.P., & Mychko, M.V. (2016). Character accentuations demonstrated by male adolescents with different levels of alexithymia. Psychophysiology News, (4), 20—24. (In Russ.)
  3. Bezuglova, A.A., Vasileva, O.S., & Pravdina, L.R. (2017). Socio-psychological adaptation in individuals with different coping strategies. Russian Psychological Journal, 14(4), 180—204. doi: 10.21702/ rpj.2017.4.9 (In Russ.)
  4. Borsci, G., Boccardi, M., Rossi, R., Rossi, G., Perez, J., Bonetti, M., & Frisoni, G.B. (2009). Alexithymia in healthy women: a brain morphology study. Affect Disord, 114(1—3), 208—215. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2008.07.013
  5. Brel, E.Yu. (2012). The problem of studying alexithymia in psychological research. Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, 3(51), 173—176. (In Russ.)
  6. Brewer, R., Cook, R., Cardi, V., Treasure, J. & Bird, G. (2015). Emotion recognition deficits in eating disorders are explained by co-occurring alexithymia. Royal Society Open Science, 2(1), 140382. doi: 10.1098/rsos.140382
  7. Donges, U.S., & Suslow, T. (2015). Alexithymia and memory for facial emotions. Universitas Psychologica, 14 (1), 103—110. doi: 10.11144/Javeriana.upsy14-1.amfe
  8. Goerlich-Dobre, K.S., Bruce, L., Martens, S., Aleman, A., & Hooker, C.I. (2014). Distinct associations of insula and cingulate volume with the cognitive and affective dimensions of alexithymia. Neuropsychologia, 53, 284—292. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.12.006
  9. Heinzel, A., Minnerop, M., Schäfer, R., Müller, H.W., Franz, M., & Hautzel, H. (2012). Alexithymia in healthy young men: a voxel-based morphometric study. Affect Disorders, 136(3), 1252—1256. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.06.012
  10. Holder, M.D., Love, A.B., & Timoney, L.R. (2015). The poor subjective well-being associated with alexithymia is mediated by romantic relationships. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(1), 117—133. doi: 10.1007/s10902-014-9500-0
  11. Iskusnykh, A. (2015). Аlexithymia. Causes and risks of disorders. Lichnost’, sem’ya i obshchestvo: voprosy pedagogiki i psikhologii. Conference Proceedings (pp. 59—68). Novosibirsk: SibAK Publ. (In Russ.)
  12. Korosteleva, I.S., & Rotenberg, V.S. (1991) Telesnost’ cheloveka: mezhdistsiplinarnye issledovaniya. Problema aleksitimii v kontekste povedencheskikh kontseptsii psikhosomaticheskikh rasstroistv. Conference Proceedings (pp. 136—143). Moscow: MGU Publ. (In Russ.)
  13. Кrasnenkova, S.A., & Zinchenko, T.O. (2015). To the question of prophylaxis of teenagers’ psychosexual aberration. Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, 2–5(62), 97—101. (In Russ.)
  14. Lee, B.T, Lee, H.Y., Park, S.A., Lim, J.-Y., Tae, W.S., Lee, M.-S., Joe, S.-H., Jung, I.-K., & Ham, B.-J. (2011). Neural substrates of affective face recognition in alexithymia: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuropsychobiology, 63(2), 119—124. doi: 10.1159/000318086 Malkina-Pykh, I.G. (2009). On one possible method of psychological treatment for alexithymia. Siberian Medical Journal, (3), 99—107. (In Russ.)
  15. Markova, E., Smyk, A., & Votchin, I. (2015). Psychocorrective effects in psychosomatic pathology. Concept, (03), 1—9. (In Russ.)
  16. Moskacheva, M.A., Kholmogorova, A.B., & Garanian, N.G. (2014). Alexithymia and empathy. Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 22(4), 98—114. (In Russ.)
  17. Nikulina, D.S., & Sineeva, S.N. (2008). Satisfaction with the quality of life of students with different levels of alexithymia. Izvestiya SFedU. Engineering Sciences, (6), 76—80. (In Russ.)
  18. Plotnikov, D.V., Severyanov, L.A., & Plotnikov, V.V. (2017). Accentuation of integral individual parameters as a basis of alexithymia phenomenon. Social and Clinical Psychiatry, (2), 17—23. (In Russ.)
  19. Ragozinskaya, V.G., & Kolosova, O.S. (2005) Svyaz’ aleksitimii i funktsional’noi asimmetrii mozga u podrostkov v patogeneze psikhosomaticheskikh rasstroistv. Special Education, (5), 47—50. (In Russ.)
  20. Schechter, D.S., Suardi, F., Manini, A., Cordero, M.I., Rossignol, A.S., Merminod, G., Gex-Fabry, M., Moser, D.A., & Serpa, S.R. (2015). How do maternal PTSD and alexithymia interact to impact maternal behavior? Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 46(3), 406—417. doi: 10.1007/s10578014-0480-4
  21. Sergeeva, M.V. (2015). Relationship between alexithymia and the manifestations of mental rigidity and life orientations in patients with food addiction. Personality in a changing world: health, adaptation, development, 4(11), 111—116. (In Russ.)
  22. Severova, E.A., Okhapkin, A.S., Dautova, M.A., & Reutova, E.V. (2016). Alexithymia as a phenomenon, combining some aspects of mental and psychosomatic disorders. Vestnik of Smolensk State Medical Academy, (4), 126—133. (In Russ.)
  23. Severyanova, L.A., Plotnikov, V.V., & Plotnikov, D.V. (2013). The integrative fundamentals of alexithymia. The Scientific Notes of the I.P. Pavlov Saint Petersburg State Medical University, 20(3), 65—68. doi: 10.24884/1607-4181-2013-20-3-65-68 (In Russ.)
  24. Sowden, S., Brewer, R., Catmur, C., & Bird, G. (2016). The specificity of the link between alexithymia, interoception, and imitation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(11), 1687—1692. doi: 10.1037/xhp0000310
  25. TenHouten, W.D., Hoppe, K.D., Bogen, G.E., & Walter, D.O. (1986). Alexithymia and the split brain: IV Gottschalk-Gleser contentanalysis, in overview. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 44(3), 113—121.
  26. Trunov, D.G. (2013). The levels of verbalization of emotional experience. Journal Perm University Herald. Series: Philosophy. Psychology. Sociology, 1(13), 102—107. (In Russ.)
  27. Valiullina, E.V. (2017). Alexitimia is a property of a person. Nauchnye preobrazovaniya v epokhu globalizatsii. Conference Proceedings (pp. 156—158). Ufa: AETERNA Publ. (In Russ.)
  28. Vorobyeva, E.V., Shulgina, I.P., & Ermakov, P.N. (2015). The influence of retrospective estimates of maternal parenting style in childhood on the manifestations of alexithymia and empathy at young people with polydrug. Russian Psychological Journal, 12(3), 114—133. (In Russ.)
  29. Yelsma, P., & Marrow, S. (2003). An examination of couples’ difficulties with emotional expressiveness and their marital satisfaction. The Journal of Family Communication, 3(1), 41—62.
  30. Yutkina, O.S. (2017). The inspection of standard of alexithymia among schoolchildren. Modern Problems of Science and Education, (2), 68. (In Russ.)
  31. Zaitsev, D.V., & Selivanova, Yu.V. (2017). Psychosocial aspects of the relationship of alexithymia and addiction among youth. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Philosophy. Psychology.Pedagogy, 17(1), 62—66. doi: 10.18500/1819-7671-2017-17-1-62-66 (In Russ.)

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 454

PDF (Russian) - 561

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2019 Gaus E.V., Pronenko E.A., Vasilyeva O.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies