CULTURAL AND VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF RUSSIAN, BURYAT, AND MONGOLIAN STUDENTS

Abstract


The article discusses the results of empirical studies of cultural and value orientations Russian (Buryat) and Mongolian students. The sample includes humanities students of Ulan-Ude (Russian Federation) universities ( n = 388) and Ulan Bator (Mongolia) universities ( n = 176). In the present empirical research the following diagnostic methods were used: J. Townsend’s “Cultural andValue Orientations Test” adapted by L.G. Pochebut and R. Inglehart’ scale in M.S. Yanitskiy modification. The analysis revealed that the dominant cultural type of Buryat and Mongolian young people is the modern culture type. There are ethnic differences in adherence to traditional and dynamically developing culture: Buryat students are more committed to the traditional and modern culture, and less focused on dynamically developing culture; Russian students are more focused on traditional and dynamically developing culture and less focused on modern culture; Mongolian students are more focused on dynamically developing culture and less focused on traditional culture. The youth of Buryatia are more committed to the values of adaptation and socialization than the youth of Mongolia. The youth of Buryatia are more committed to the values of adaptation than the youth of Mongolia. There are differences in individualization values in the subsamples of students from Russia: these values are more prominent in Russians than in Buryats. Revealed differences are interpreted as ethnopsychological features of young people and are seen as potential resources of tolerance development and systemic crisis of contemporary society overcoming.


Tuyana Ts Dugarova

arovatts@mail.ru
<p>Buryat State University</p>

Smolina str., 24a, Ulan-Ude, Russia, 670000

Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Developmental and Educational Psychology Department of the Buryat State University (Ulan-Ude, Russia)

Igor V Badiev

bad_igor@mail.ru
<p>Buryat State University</p>

Smolina str., 24a, Ulan-Ude, Russia, 670000

lecturer of Developmental and Educational Psychology Department of the Buryat State University (Ulan-Ude, Russia)

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