No 4 (2016)

Articles
METHOD OF PROJECTS IN THE LIGHT OF LINGUISTIC METHODICAL BASES OF LEXICAL (VOCABULARY) TEACHING OF CHINESE STUDENTS
Rumiantseva N.M., Novikov P.N.
Abstract
The article deals with elaborating criteria that modify lexis arrangement, using effective creative teaching strategies as a learning tool for foreign exchange students that helps in the dialogue of cultures and facilitates becoming an internationally oriented person. It shows how the project methodic comprises research and problematic methods. The purpose of the work is to demonstrate the effectiveness of this technology on the empirical material (examples from real teaching practice of Chinese students, who learn Russian language as a foreign). As an illustration of the method the situational model “common trip” is selected. The conclusion of the work: project technique activates speech creativity of students, contributes to productive interpersonal cooperation and fundamental knowledge.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):9-16
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ON THE PROBLEM OF OPTIMIZATION: TRAINING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE (PROPOSAL LEVELS OF LINGUO- DIDACTICAL REPRESENTATION)
Akimova I.I.
Abstract
The article substantiates necessity of the proposals tiered analysis for foreign students for the purpose to detect denotative and significate components in content. The theory of speech activity (psycholinguistics) by A. Leontiev should be considered as a methodological basis of teaching Russian syntax for foreigners.In this article are related, on the one hand, the stages of speech production and, on the other hand, levels of proposals as remarks in Linguo-didactical language model in M. Vsevolodova’s concept. It is concluded that there is a complete correspondence between the Linguo-didactical description of sentence as a remark in functional-communicative grammar (M. Vsevolodova’s and others approach) and the Theory of Speech activity by A. Leontiev. Explanation syntactic semantics should be done not only “from the form” (specify the type of “follow the pattern”), but also taking into the denotative roles account, that is, the way from content. This Linguo-methodical approach is communicative in nature, since it corresponds to the mechanism of human speech production.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):17-23
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RESISTING GLOBALIZATION THROUGH GRAMMATICAL TOOLS: USING SOME ASPECTS OF RUSSIAN GRAMMAR AS A CASE STUDY
Boasiako A.A.
Abstract
The paper examines globalization within the framework of translation. The paper maintain that with technological advancement in the world, translation acts perfectly as an agent to disseminate information to all the corners of the dynamically changing world.As an interconnectivity between cultures, languages, and businesses, information cannot be conveyed to these sectors of society only through one international lingua franca. Much as the influence of the English language in global communication network is evident, it maintains that translation makes it easier for many languages access the bulk of information that results from various interactions in society as a result of globalization. Translation resists globalization of the international lingua franca through the use of grammatical structures of the source language (SL) and the translated language (TL).It maintains that there are typological differences between languages manifested through its grammatical features. These differences are manifested through the source language and the translated text.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):24-40
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IMPLICATION OF DIFFERENCES IN GENERAL FREQUENCY OF PERSONAL AND POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS IN RUSSIAN AND ENGLISH FICTION
Turinova O.O.
Abstract
The scientific relevance of the paper is justified by the lack of known research on frequency and functioning of the Russian and English personal and possessive pronouns in authentic and translated fiction (from English into Russian). The paper deliberates on the differences in frequency named pronouns, by conducting a statistical analysis of British and American fiction with its high-quality Russian translations, along with original Russian fiction of the same period. By means of quantitative and correlation dependency analyses, the author assumes that ‘good’ Russian translations contain fewer personal and possessive pronouns than their English originals, while the figure correlates with the pronoun rate in original texts by Russian authors. The paper concludes with corroborating the proposed hypothesis and setting goals for future research based on the achievedresults, which will enable us to further examine frequency and functioning of the Russian and English personal and possessive pronouns and formulate recommendations for fiction translators, which might help them to avoid common mistakes and improve the overall quality of their translations.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):41-49
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DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGES IN KAZAKHSTAN
Mazhitayeva S., Akhmetova A., Zhunusova A., Azhigenova S.
Abstract
The language policy of Kazakhstan is aimed at creating conditions for the full development of the personality of a young person, providing guarantees in the sphere of education, labor, employment and social protection. Therefore a new generation of Kazakhstani should be trilingual, fluent in Kazakh, Russian and English.Therefore, formation of trilingualism in the training of young professionals initiated by the President of the country and proclaimed one of the most important components of the state language policy was understood by Kazakh society.However, in our opinion, some aspects of formation of trilingualism require more in-depth analysis and rational approach.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):50-56
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EQUIVALENT AND NON-EQUIVALENT NAMES OF MEDICAL HERBAL PLANTS IN KAZAKH AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES
Omasheva Z.M.
Abstract
The article is devoted to a comparative study of medical herbal plants names in the Kazakh and Russian languages.Our purpose - to establish the main modes of transmission and conservation of meanings in case of switching interlanguage codes. The result: the ways of transformation of equivalent and non-equivalent names in the Kazakh language - transliteration and calquing (full and partial) have been analyzed. The author reveals cultural and specific grounds of non-equivalent names.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):57-64
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«CAUCASIAN MOUNTAINEER / SCOTTISH HIGHLANDER»: FROM SEMANTIC TO LINGUO-CULTRAL FIELD
Nepomniashchikh N.M.
Abstract
The article is devoted to linguoculturemes’ «CAUCASIAN MOUNTAINEER / SCOTTISH HIGHLANDER» analysis. Their semantic and linguocultural fields are under consideration. In the article presented the effort to systematize the data from the constructed fields is taken so as to make the comparative-contrastive analysis more efficient.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):65-71
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LINGUISTIC ANALYSES OF CHINESE KINSHIP TERMS
Qu Y.
Abstract
This article briefly describes the history of the study of the kinship terms by blood in Chinese language. Kinship terms are the basic unit in spoken communication. Even in modern written communication kinship terms have been widely used, but Russian readers can not fully understand all the terms, because the Chinese and Russian readers have different cultural background knowledge. This study is useful for analyze of spoken and written communication, compiling dictionaries, as well as for the teaching of the Russian language.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):72-81
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THE PECULIARITIES OF THE ADDRESSER’S LANGUAGE REPRESENTATION IN THE MEDIA FEATURE ARTICLE
Kazimirova O.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the specific character of the addresser’s category and his embodiment in the genre of media feature article. In particular, the repertoire of direct and indirect split-level linguistic markers of the author’s ego representation is defined; their quantitative indicators, as well as lingvopragmatic characteristics are revealed.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):82-92
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SPECIFICS AND FUNCTIONS OF MYTH DESIGN IN CONTEMPORARY PR-DISCOURSE
Kaziyeva D.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the cognitive structure of PR-discourse, which is characterized by its coordinates in the functioning of the process of symbolization and mythologizing that the most representative in the production of image and brand. These phenomena are cultural texts for which the obligatory is the presence of a symbolic language, as well as socio-cultural codes and symbols in general. Symbolization and mythologization take part at all levels of PR-discourse, these tools represent the synergistic nature, because of its symbolic, textual and communicative-dialogical essence.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):93-98
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ARCHETYPE “HOME” IN RUSSIAN-SPEAKING LITERATURE OF KAZAKHSTAN
Afanasyeva A.S.
Abstract
The purpose of this article - the analysis of one of the basic archetypes of world culture - “HOME”. Despite the universatility of this unit the only constant is semantic core of the archetype, while the differential semes of this structure structures vary depending on the geography of “existence”. The conclusion of the work becomes the assumption that in the context of ethnically heterogeneous society archetypes undergo contamination of the process of hybridization of different mental “layers”. The material of the article is based on the texts by the Russian-speaking writers of Kazakhstan: I. Shukhov,Belger, A. Zhaksylykov and others.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):99-107
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FEATURES OF THE YOUNG RUSSIAN-SPEAKING LITERATURE OF KAZAKHSTAN (ON THE MATERIAL OF ALMANAC BY PAVLODAR LITERARY SOCIETY “MERCURY”)
Garanina E.P., Tokatova L.E.
Abstract
The article considers some meaningful and artistic features of the creativity of young Russian- speaking writers of Kazakhstan on the example of the anthology «Nihilist», published by Pavlodars literary society «Mercury». Self-reflection, subjectivization and anthropocentricity are the characteristic features of the creativity of this authors.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):108-117
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THE ONTOLOGICAL STATUS OF IRONY IN PHILOSOPHY AND AESTHETICS
Zavrumov Z.A.
Abstract
The article examines the emergence and development of irony, as well as its functioning in discourse. The author traces the development of age-old irony as a general cultural phenomenon and concludes that the essence of phenomena, united by the term “irony” becomes clearer by reference to the history of ideas about the irony in European philosophy and aesthetics. The ideas, that were significant for scientists of different periods of history, continue to influence on modern linguistic and cognitive theory of irony. That is why consideration of irony in the philosophical and aesthetic paradigms and the study of the formation of ideas about it seems to be very productive.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):118-127
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“OPTICAL ILLUSIONS” OF HARMS AND ORKENY. MINUTES-ESSAYS ABOUT THINGS THAT MAY BE ABSURD
Heteni Z.
Abstract
The essay is devoted to understanding such complicated philosophical and cultural categories as “absurd” and “grotesque”. Author reflects on them through the literary text by Erken and Harms. Many examples of minutes and stories, personal observations, diachronic analysis of “absurd” phenomenon allows the author to come to unexpected conclusions, in particular, to put the category of absurd in evolutionary paradigm of human culture.
Polylinguality and Transcultural Practices. 2016;(4):128-144
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