Features of modern bilingualism and its crisis (on the example of national languages of the CBR)

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Abstract


The article deals with the situation of bilingualism in the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, which is organically inscribed in the global context. The authors consider some of the most representative criteria that indicate the objective state of the state languages of the CBD - Russian, Kabardian, Balkar, the classification of “risk groups” of UNESCO, as well as facts illustrating the crisis of native languages of the indigenous peoples of the Republic. In addition to the communicative, considered the most important functions of the language, which allow to act including as a basis for concluding philosophical concepts.


About the authors

Madina A. Khakuasheva

Kabardian-Balkarian Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: dinaarma@mail.ru
18 Pushkin str., Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkaria, 360000, Russian Federation

Leading Researcher of the Sector of Kabardino-Circassian Literature, Doctor of Philology

Almira M. Kazieva

Pyatigorsk State University

Email: kazieva@pgu.ru
9 Kalinin str., Pyatigorsk, Stavropol region, 357503, Russian Federation

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Pyatigorsk State University (PSU), the Department of literature and pedagogical technologies of Institute of Translation and Multilingualism

References

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  3. Vereshchagin, Ye.M. 1969. Psikhologicheskaya i metodicheskaya kharakteristika dvuyazychiya (bilingvizma) [Psychological and Methodological Characteristics of Bilingualism]. Moscow. Print. (In Russ.)
  4. Taov Kh.T., and A.Kh. Taov. 2009. “Teoreticheskiye i metodicheskiye problemy natsional’norusskogo dvuyazychiya” [Theoretical and Methodological Problems of National-Russian Bilingualism] in Proceedings of the International Scientific-practical Conference, May 27—28, Makhachkala. Print. (In Russ.)
  5. Bgazhnokov, B.Kh., and A.A. Shogenov. 1999. Krizis natsional’nykh yazykov Rossii. Yazyki narodov Rossii: perspektivy razvitiya [Crisis of National Languages of Russia. Languages of the peoples of Russia: development prospects]. Materials of the international seminar. Elista, Republic of Kalmykia, Russia. 10—16 may. P. 101—109. Print. (In Russ.)
  6. Dalgat, U.B. 1981. Literatura i fol’klor [Literature and Folklore]. Moscow. Print. (In Russ.)

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Copyright (c) 2019 Khakuasheva M.A., Kazieva A.M.

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