Vol 19, No 1 (2017)

Articles
The End of Globalization: Reasons and Consequences
Dutkiewicz P., Kazarinova D.B.
Abstract
The crisis of trust in two pillows of modern society - in state (Keynesian approach) and in market (neoliberal approach) is recognized by many leading scientists as from Russia, so from Europe and America. The world becomes more uncertain and unsustainable from personal to global level. Globalization from one hand and uncertainty and the “end of the world as we know it” from the other hand make societies become “liquid”, without sustainable identity and normative core. The fear gets an economic and political term and comes from realizing fundamentally fragile personal and common security in economic, political and social fields. Post crisis world still had not been determined since the end of old world order is evident but there is no idea about the new. The situation of global uncertainess - Interregnum - dominates. The same comes to the values which used to be recognized as universal but now they face hostility of non-western world. The populism revenge in USA and Europe is a strong indication of this process.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):7-14
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Muslim Society between Fundamentalism and Liberalism: the Problem of Civil Society
Pochta Y.M.
Abstract
The author examines the issue of civil society in the Muslim world in general and in Russia in particular. It received a special significance after the Cold War, when liberal democracy and the concept of civil society were proclaimed as universal models, able to explain features of the modernization process. Research and practical realization of this process in non-Western societies is strongly influenced by the identification of the institution of civil society with the Western post-Christian civilization, with liberal political culture. However, historical experience shows that civil society cannot be transferred from a different social environment, it must grow on its own culture. This totalizing universalistic thinking and the functionalist-evolutionist modernization approaches are not conducive to finding an answer to the question of the existence of civil society in non-Western societies. It needs a civilizational approach, a historical analysis of cultural contexts of occurring processes of modernization, establishing a market economy, democratic political regimes and civil society. The contemporary postmodern discourse supposes civilizational multiplicity of political modernity and political modernization process. The key in these circumstances is a question about the peculiarities of the coexistence in the modern world societies at different stages of social development. In particular, it is necessary to take into account the possible coexistence of several pre secular cultures (Islamic, Confucian) and liberal democracy as post secular phenomenon.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):15-24
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Patriotic Education of Youth in Russia: Problems, Opinions, Expert Review
Puzanova Z.V., Larina T.I.
Abstract
Patriotism is designated as a national idea in Russia; nowadays the questions the relevance of patriotic education of the most reactive of social groups - young people - is especially acute. Round table in the format of focus groups with 20 experts working with young people, among them - professors, teachers, veterans, employees public authorities to work with youth was held on the 27th of May 2016 on the basis of the museum-panorama “Battle of Stalingrad” in Volgograd, with the assistance of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. During the two-hour round table were discussed issues of civil and patriotic education of youth, including the theme - “Ultrapatriotizm-Patriotism-pseudo-patriotism” (ratio of the concepts, their similarities and differences, manifestations in modern Russian society among young people), “Today's youth and moral conflicts” (spiritually-moral development of today's youth, its values), “infantilism - the scourge of modern youth?” (problem of infantilism as a barrier in the way of civic and patriotic education), “Does extremist views attractive for young people?” (the attitude of youth to extremism and terrorism, effective countermeasures of youth involvement in extremist groups).
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):25-37
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E-government: the Introduction of Electronic State Services in the Russian Federation
Teplov A.V., Belchenko A.S., Kuzmina G.V.
Abstract
In this article the authors consider the history of introduction of electronic state services in the Russian Federation, the Integrated portal for state services and the portals of Moscow and Moscow Region as well, and the statistics regarding the usage of the electronic services by the citizens. The subject of this research is the electronic state services of the Russian Federation, the acting federal laws and government programs in the sphere of providing electronic state services.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):38-43
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Soft Power of Russian Education: the Key Role of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia in Its Spreading
Leping Xiong -.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the «soft power» of Russian education, the author presents the key role of PFUR (RUDN) in its spreading, discusses the advantages of the University, the task facing RUDN, the ways of solving problems.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):44-52
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Aspects of Polarization: Discussion about the Political Mood in American Society
Bykov A.Y.
Abstract
The article considers the expression of political polarization in American society at the present stage and reflection of these processes in the American social and political thought. The author points out different approaches to the explanation of this phenomenon. One approach is the following strengthen of polarization in the United States. There are few problems, which are discussed in relation to this scenario: the ideological, racial and cultural fragmentation of society; the effect of polarization factor on political institutions and control the political process; the impact of electoral practice, activities of state institutions and political parties on the social heterogeneity, etc. Another approach is the different view of polarization and its role in society. The group of researchers is of the opinion that in the second half of XX - at the beginning of XXI centuries American society was not polarized on the base of politics. In describing the process of political polarization in the US the author also pays attention to the following aspects: distribution of political preferences in society, factors that determine political positions of individuals and groups of people. Among the important factors highlighted the activities of the US media. On the one hand, the media are influenced by political and social groups, provide information that the audience expects from them. On the other hand, mass media forms public opinion and promote the approval of a certain ideology.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):53-59
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“Alternative for Germany” - One of the Genuine Representative of “New Rights”?
Ladygin M.S.
Abstract
This paper gives content analysis of “Alternative for Germany” (AfG) party's program. It's aimed at sorting it out whether the party is the genuine representative of “New Rights”'. The prinicipal virtues of New Rights are traditional: family, community, church. It's reflected in the party program as war on abortions, support and rewards for traditional families. The analysis brought to surface a vast number of targets, demands, appeals, particularly peculiar to this concept. Nevertheless party adherents quiz results speak for the fact that the party has got more votes just due to voters' resentment over other German parties.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):60-68
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Leader in the Georgian Politics
Tukvadze A., Ubilava I.D.
Abstract
Based on a comparative analysis, the article considers the political activities of the national leaders (Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Eduard Shevardnadze, Mikhail Saakashvili and Bidzina Ivanishvili) in the transitional period of Georgia. Through their personal qualities, the authors analyze the role of charismatic leaders and their place in the Georgian politics.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):69-76
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Elite Struggle and Stability of the Political Regime in Uzbekistan
Bazyleva S.P.
Abstract
The death of the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, an official announcement which appeared in the second half of the day September 2 - involuntarily forced to wonder about his successor and most importantly, about the continuity of the course. Externally, in the country there is peace and order. Islam Karimov has built a stable system, authoritarian regime. This stability is due to the pragmatism of the Uzbek members of the junta. A special role in the economy and politics of Uzbekistan plays a clan system which has evolved over the last 100-120 years according to the territorial principle and immigrants, which today represent the political elite of the country. The article examines Elite struggle and the stability of the political regime in Uzbekistan available today.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):77-82
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The Emergence of Modern Non-Governmental Sector in the South Caucasus
Hovsepyan V.V.
Abstract
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, informal social movements (“neformaly”), that began their activities at sunset of the USSR shaping a third sector of society - civil society (1st - the public sector, the second - the economic sector). The policy of “perestroika” contributed to the activation of informal movements around the Soviet Union. “Neformaly” in the center of the country and in the individual republics differed from one another by their ideological orientation. In particular, informal nationalists were popular in the South Caucasus.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):83-90
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France, Russia and USA in Foreign Policy of Armenia: Quantitative Analysis of Voting in the UN General Assembly
Khachaturyan D.A.
Abstract
France, Russia and the United States definitely take a priority position in the foreign policy of Armenia. French-Armenian relationships have a privileged character, Russian-Armenian relations have elevated to the level of allied partnership. To clarify the structure of relations between the countries the author resorts to the method of applied analysis: the study of voting in the United Nations General Assembly. The author analyzes the voting of Armenia in the UN General Assembly, and the Armenian position is compared with the voting of France, USA and Russia on various foreign policy issues. The comparison of positions helps to detect adherent points of foreign policy, to talk about the impact on the country’s foreign policy and to assess the degree of independence in the foreign policy of the Armenian leadership. Statistical analysis of voting is supplemented by qualitative analysis of resolutions of the UN GA. These issues are one of the most urgent on the international agenda. Countries that have relation to the resolutions are in the vicinity of Armenia; therefore, for every resolution Armenia has a clearly defined position.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):91-100
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On Our Authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2017;19(1):101-102
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