No 1 (2010)

Articles
The Development of Institutions of Direct Democracy in Russia before October Revolution: Historical and Law Aspect
Lukianchikova L.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the history of development of different forms of people participation in state and social matters. The degree of realized interest in that kind of activity of Russian people during the periods of veche organization, representative monarchy, absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy (1905-1917) is analyzed. The author demonstrated lots of examples of direct democracy practice showing people's law-making initiatives and forms of imperative within direct democracy procedures.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):5-12
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The Time of Troubles in Russia: from the Revolution to the Restoration
Letnyakov D.E.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the events of the Time of Troubles («Smutnoe Vremia») in Russia. This period is analyzed through the appearance of new democratic forms of social integration and authority legitimation and a birth of proto-civil type of interconnection between state and society. This example gives an opportunity to overcome some existing stereotypes, connected with Russian history and Russian political tradition.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):13-23
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Genesis and Development of Local Self-Management in Russia in Soviet Era
Popov S.I.
Abstract
The processes of genesis and development of local self-government in Russia embrace very considerable historical period. The majority of researches cover the origin of local self-management in Russia. The experience of XIX and beginning of XX century is deeply studied. There are many disputes about the modern reform of this institution . Local self-government in Soviet era attracts considerably less scientific interest. Therefore today this subject provoke s heightened interest.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):24-33
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Political Philosophy of I. Kant in Socio-Cultural Context
Nizhnikov S.A.
Abstract
In the given article is analyzed the political philosophy of I. Kant in wide socio-cultural context. The author examines the problem of correlation between politics and morals, different variants of it (from machiavellism - «the aim justifies any means» up to pacifistic - «nonresistance to evil by force»). The article investigates the principles of humanistic policy («the virtue aim can be achieved only by virtue methods») and its collisions on example of creativity of I. Il'in, L. Tolstoy, F.M. Dostoevsky and modern politics.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):34-44
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Federalism and Federation: Essence and Diversity of Manifestations
Mikhaylova N.V.
Abstract
The present article reveals the essence of the concepts «federalism» and «federation» in their correlation and variety of their forms. In this connection in the article is given the characteristic of «politico-legal space» (different types of federation and decentralization) separating the unitary state from confederation. The author also shows the common and special in functioning of various federal systems.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):45-52
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National Interests: Theoretical Discourse of the Problem
Trukhachev V.V.
Abstract
In the given article is considered theoretically-semantic content of the concept «national interests». Critical analysis of wide spectrum of concepts and definitions of national interests by domestic and foreign scientists is presented in the article. According to the author, national interests and state interests should be considered as closely connected and complementary but not identical categories. On the other hand, even during an epoch of globalization the concept of national interest is always based on values and particular ideological content of the separate state.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):53-65
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Risk Factors as the Reasons of Political Instability
Marushko G.I.
Abstract
This article refers to the analysis of political instability and instability risk factors, and the mechanism of direct circuits and feedback between them. The best understanding of each of these factors conducts to comprehension of dynamics of change of stability of the state to external and internal sources of stabilization and destabilization.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):66-70
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Religious Extremism and its Manifestations in Contemporary Russia
Plujnikov E.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the problem of religious extremism in contemporary Russia. The author defines a term «religious extremism», researches conditions of origin of this phenomenon, it's correlation with another extremism forms, with international religious extremism; uses the example of wahhabism to show that a religious group can be considered traditional, legitimate in one countries and radical, extremist in another ones.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):71-78
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Methods of Strategic Planning in Management of ModernMunicipality
Tkachenko A.E.
Abstract
In the given article the application of methods of strategic planning in management of municipality is analyzed. The article describes the urgency of development and passing of the strategic documents at all authority levels, and also points at problems interfering adoption of strategic planning in municipal practice.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):79-83
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The Defense Policy of the New American Administration
Batyuk V.I.
Abstract
The defense policy of the Barak Obama's administrations develops along the trends which manifested themselves already under President G. Bush Jr. The troubles Washington faces at the international arena forced the American circles to revoke theirs unilateral approach to international affairs, paying more attention to interrelationships with allies and partners, and stability operations in the crisis areas.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):84-96
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Transnational Corporations and World Development: Political Analysis
Alyoshina A.V.
Abstract
The given article represents analysis of different approaches to the study and definition of transnational corporations. The article considers different approaches to the definition of international organizations. The author illustrates transformation of the concept of TNCs as an economic category, and as a political category. As a conclusion the article provides the definition of TNCs proposed by the author.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):97-104
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Ethnoterritorial Conflicts in the Modern World: the International Aspect
Asriev R.V.
Abstract
In the article are considered the changes of the international environment of ethnopolitical conflicts in the modern world and factor of globalization directly influencing them. The author points at low efficiency of mechanisms of regulation of the modern conflicts, both at state level, and at level of international relations. It is thus underlined that the problem of harmonization of ethnic relations within the modern states and relations of the last among themselves is extremely actual. The state as the institute and the form of social self-organization should find its new place and define its new role because of inevitable influence of globalization processes.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):105-110
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Think Tanks in the EU: Comparative Analysis of European and American Exploratory Approaches
Medushevsky N.A.
Abstract
This article presents the comparative analysis of two most wide-spread in political science approaches to the study of the think tanks. The author offers a new multimodel approach to the definition of think tanks, based on national models, as opposed to the traditional paradigm that focuses attention on the universalization of the American experience. Multimodel approach allows us to identify the specific features of «think tanks» on the national and global level.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):111-121
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The Experience of Regional Transformation of Islamic Political Thought in Europe: Tariq Ramadan
Mikhaleva A.V.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the experience of regional transformation of Islamic political thought in Europe, based on an example of Tariq Ramadan philosophical concept. Author analyzed Ramadan's views on a role of Islam in new conditions, religious identity of believers, political and legal systems, reaction to modernization challenges of the present and ways of their overcoming. This concept can become the alternative in forming dialogue between East and West, in modernization of Islamic communities and opposition to Islamic radicalism.
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):122-133
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On Our Authors
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Political Science. 2010;(1):134-135
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