Migration as a Reality and a Part of Political Mythology

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Abstract


The article is focused on the mythologized photos of the global migration phenomena circulating in the ordinary consciousness and in the media. Authors consider deconstruction of this mythology important for two reasons. Firstly, the reproduction of negative stereotypes about migration allows the right-wing populist parties and movements to accumulate political capital, provoking new waves of anti-migration sentiments and creating a vicious circle. Secondly, these sentiments directly or indirectly influence the decision-makers. As a result, decision-making process in the field of migration regulation become influenced by irrational factors. Turning to common misconceptions about international migration, authors show that: a) the mechanical extrapolation of modern demographic trends into the distant future and causal relationship between demographic indicators and migration processes are not scientifically justified; b) there is no direct correlation between the size of the population in less developed regions and the intensity of migration flows from these regions to industrialized countries; c) international migration is by no means a one-way “South - North” process; d) perception of “North” countries’ migration policies, as charity, is fundamentally wrong because it doesn’t take into account the complex interdependence of modern world. In addition, authors demonstrate inadequacy of the image of a “migratory tsunami” threatening to flood Europe.


About the authors

Vladimir S. Malakhov

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Author for correspondence.
Email: malakhov-vs@ranepa.ru
84 Prospekt Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation

Doctor of Political Science, Professor, Head of the Center for Theoretical and Applied Political Studies, Institute for Social Sciences

Alexander S. Motin

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Email: motin-as@ranepa.ru
84 Prospekt Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation

MA in Political Science and International Relations, Research Fellow of the Center for Theoretical and Applied Political Studies, Institute for Social Sciences

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