Iranian Religious and Political Influence in Persian Gulf Countries (Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait)

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Abstract


This article is focuses on evolution of Iranian political influence in Persian Gulf countries. It examines theological and political aspects of such influence and its consequences for the region. The author analyses origins of the transnational Shia movements such as “Harakat ar-Risala” and “ad-Dawa” linked with traditional Shia institutions at Najaf and Kerbela, and its ambiguous relationships with post-revolution Iranian elite. In the same way, not all of Shias of Persian Gulf was “fascinated” by “Islamic revolution” in Iran and became admirers of R. Khomeini’s conception of “vilayat-e-faqih”. In addition, the author traces history of local political Shia movements, that are, in fact, more influential on domestic politics of Gulf countries that mythical “Iran’s hand”.


About the authors

Yu I Ilyina

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: a_khr1@mail.ru
Mohovaya str., 11/1, Moscow, Russia, 125009

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Copyright (c) 2016 Ильина Ю.И.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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