Vol 21, No 2 (2017)

Articles
Editorial note
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):131-133
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Mythology end theology. First article
Naydysh V.M.
Abstract

In the context of widespread in the philosophical and culturological literature, in the media debate about the nature of theology, its relations with science and education analyzes the methodological and theoretical principles of the study of theology as a form of spiritual culture.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):134-146
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The deformation of language and new birth of the myth
Strelnik O.N.
Abstract

The re-mythologizing of modern culture, that is the return of archaic myths and professional mythmaking to arts, politics, advertising and mass communications, transferred the academic problem of myth to the category of topical issues. To study this “new” mythological consciousness, it is essential to know the structure of classical myth. This article will examine a theoretical perspective on the problem of myth and the mythical - the concept of myth in relation to language proposed by the French philosopher and literary critic Roland Barthes. Special subject of this article - the relation of the modern myth and language, similarity and distinction of archaic mythological and the modern mythologized mass thinking.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):147-157
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“Imaginative philosophy” of Y. Golosovker and “Imaginative metaphysics” of G. Bachelard: two models philosophy of imagination
Arapov O.G.
Abstract

The article deals with the philosophical concept of imagination and reality voob-Rage (imaginative reality) Russian thinker Golosovker and French philosopher Bachelard. Showing connection and commonality of approaches to solving the problems of being and knowledge, and human culture in the framework of developing their imaginative philosophy; also based on an analysis of their ideas it is determined by the location, function and role of the imagination in cognition.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):158-165
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Formal metaontology
Anisov A.M.
Abstract

Ontologies scientific theories arise from the deeper principles, which also have an ontological nature. These principles and their justification form ontology ontology or metaontology. Metaontology lies in the foundations of logic and mathematics, and through them the whole of science as a demonstrative knowledge of reality. Metaontological basis of logical and mathematical structures has the perfect character, requiring for their adequate representation of the use of formal methods of reasoning.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):166-178
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“Space of time” (SoT) or «time of space» (ToS): one comment on von Wright’s model of time
Pavlenko A.N.
Abstract

In the paper is considered the tense model of Georg von Wright. It is shown that the understanding of time by von Wright relies, in their essentials features, on the “changes” in the world of the sensual observed events and, therefore, can be called as a model “Time of Space” (ToS). This interdependence leads to a number of principle difficulties: the inability to describe adequately the temporal changes in the framework of cyclic processes, fluctuations, etc. Has been built the logical square with the Wright’s temporal operator (T - “and next”). Has been proposed by me a model of “Space of Time” (SoT) as an alternative to the model (ToS), in which the Wright’s “changes of events” are consecutive points of “the space of such changes”.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):179-191
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Aristotle on the relation between logic and ontology
Vasyukov V.L.
Abstract
Aristotle was the founder not only logics but also of ontology which he describes in Metaphysics and Categories as a theory of general properties of all entities and categorical aspects they should be analyzed. Meanwhile it is commonly accepted that we inherited from him not one but two different logics: early dialectical logoi of Topics and later formal syllogistic of Prior Analytics. The last considers logics the same way as the modern symbolic logic do. According to J. Bocheński the symbolic logic is “a theory of general objects” (by apt turn in phrase, a "physics of the object in general”) hence logics, as it is interpreted now, has the same subject as ontology. But does Aristotle himself counts that ontology (as it is accepted to speak now) is just a kind of “prolegomenon” to logic? In the paper some aspects of this issue are studied at length.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):192-198
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Consummation turn to language in logical semantics
Pavlov S.A.
Abstract

Consummation turn to language in logical semantics is proposed as an extension domain of definition the truth and falsity operation to universe of symbolic expressions in the logical semantics. This makes it possible to operate with all sorts of logical expressions of the language, including meaningless.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):199-212
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Conceptual flexibility as a postclassical way to conceptualize the elusive unity of the world
Kuznetsov V.U.
Abstract

The world is always present everywhere, but it always inevitably eludes any our attempt to catch and pin it down. Classical philosophy used to seek “true being” as the most reliable and solid in its constant stability, but this search has proven futile; postclassical thought discovers the irremovability of the elusive world in plasmagma, which yields to a conscious purposeful effort to some extent, but then suddenly snaps back and can be recognized by certain indirect manifestations.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):213-221
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“Difficult problem” of analytical philosophy
Mamchenkov D.V.
Abstract

The paper analyzes “Hard problem” of consciousness through the principle of the onto-epistemological uncertainty. It is shown that the method of production of “Hard problem” in the analytic philosophical tradition inevitably makes it a pseudo. At the same time, with the consistent implementation of the principle of the onto-epistemological uncertainty is removed antinomy solutions to the questions of the consciousness and opens the way for a productive problem-solving in the explanation of consciousness as in the natural sciences and philosophy.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):222-228
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Phenomenal and computational in the structures of consciousness
Baryshnikov P.N.
Abstract

This article focuses on the explanatory limits of the computational approach to the phenomenal consciousness. The principal aim is to analyze the methodological bounds of computational models regarding the content of the subjective phenomenal experience. Special attention is given to the correlation between the information theory and the semantic problems of natural language. We proceed from the assumption that the experience of usage of the linguistic sign, together with semiotic and narrative particularities of memory, is the real reason for the causal incompatibility in the mind-body problem. Cognitive processes are initiated to research the consistency between the results of “pure” experience and conceptual schemes. In this case, the computational models represent only one component of the organization of mental states and their descriptions. The reasonings mentioned in this article are based on the argument that it is solely natural language that is a connecting link between corporal organization of the subjective experience and narrative “additional reality” of the phenomenal states. The realization of the conceptual system, necessary for the formation of the subjective reality, arises from the permanent collation of the qualitative property of sensory experience (fixed in memory) with the content of communicative practices.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):229-239
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Ordinary consciousness and modern futurology
Naydysh O.V.
Abstract

Futurological scenarios are important not so much the specific content of their “models of the future” as the way they reflect and Express the modern condition of ordinary consciousness. Study them from this point of view provides a platform for deepening our understanding of values and life-meaningful orientations of the modern ordinary consciousness. The role of ordinary consciousness as a prerequisite for futures-oriented creativity varies greatly depending on the type of futurist scenarios. It is especially important for scenarios “perspective plan”. They carry the personality traits of postmodernism, which is characterized by a return from the abstract forms of understanding the world visually to the neck; the weakening of the volitional beginnings in human activities, and the critical attitude.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):240-249
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“Woman on the edge of time”: experience of the subject in feminist utopian fiction
Rudanovskaia S.V.
Abstract

The article centers on the specific features of feminist utopia with the analysis of Marge Piercy’s novel “Woman on the Edge of Time” devoted to the development of the subject against the power of gender stereotypes and instrumental control over nature and human feelings. In contrast with classical utopias, the feminist utopia of care emphasizes values of differences and affinity. The visions of utopia are seen as an essential component of social and existential experience of the subject who undertakes a risky task of travelling beyond the ready-made identities and socially recognized definitions (first of all, binary opposites “normal”/“pathological”).

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):250-259
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The meaning of life as an object of philosophical reflection
Lokhov S.A.
Abstract

In modern culture, the trend spread of addictive behaviors and, as a consequence, the formation of “conceptual vacuum” around the issue of the meaning of life. With that problem in a postmodern sense of life becomes more relevant than ever. The article discusses the basic meaning of life orientation and their philosophical justification.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):260-269
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Humanitarian problems of information technology
Gnatik E.N.
Abstract

The article is devoted to discussion of important humanitarian problems caused by information and communication technologies, is historically the first of the four directions NBIC. We are talking about their significant impact on the mental characteristics of a person, his personality and development opportunities: the impact on such important functions as reading, counting, writing, speaking, spatial orientation. The article emphasizes that this experience must be understood and taken into account in the further course of the search of the conceptual, organizational and activity approach to the solution of humanitarian problems converged technologies.

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):270-279
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The mystery as aesthetic category
Mardzhi N.M.
Abstract

The mystery as aesthetic category

RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):280-282
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In memory of A.S. Karpenko
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2017;21(2):283
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