No 1 (2016)

Cover Page

Full Issue

PDF(Russian)
Articles
Editorial note
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):7-8
views
The history of science as an integrator of culture
Naidysh V.M.
Abstract
Science of the past is directly involved in scientific work of our time; and in the form of various ideas, concepts, semantic, etc. this increases the role and importance of the history of science, its integrative function. Key methodological role play here: the concept of formation of knowledge, concept of cognitive functional of consciousness, concept of value functional of consciousness, laws of historical development thinking, the principle of “Ghost culture”, etc.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):9-16
views
Ontology and existence
Lednikov E.E.
Abstract
The article shows how the logical and philosophical analysis of language contributes to the solution ontological problems of philosophy and science.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):17-26
views
Differentiation and identification as basic operation for constituting of the unity of the world
Kuznetsov V.U.
Abstract
Both classical and postclassical philosophy (up to Derrida and Deleuze) are more or less dominated by opposition of identity and difference (presumably existing on themselves). The article proposes to substitute this opposition with a concept of inseparable chain of procedures of identification and differentiation which can produce identities and differences.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):27-34
views
The mentality as a problem of philosophy and science
Strelnik O.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the philosophical and scientific understanding of the problem of mentalities. It presents a brief outline of the ideas and research that preceded the explicit formulation of a problem of mentalities, analyzed some of the ideas of the French historical school of annals, and linguistic science regarding the issue of mentalities. The article argues that appropriate and heuristically fruitful to consider the mentality as “the subconscious” of culture by analogy with the personal subconscious.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):35-44
views
Ontology currents of time: abstract computing models
Anisov A.M.
Abstract
In article by means of abstract computing models on the basis of the language of programming ABT created by the author is under construction ontology currents of time. One of models specifies the original concept of atomic time which has arisen in medieval Arabian philosophy.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):45-57
views
The ontological argument generalized Bull Ç Frege semantics
Pavlov S.A.
Abstract
On the basis of the joint examination of semantics of logic Boole and Frege and their subsequent agreement to construct a semantic theory which is named Boole Ç Frege semantics. The ontological argument, the underlying semantics and Boole Ç Frege essentially distinguishes it from other semantics is as follows denotation truth is only used denotation in this semantics.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):58-69
views
The problem of the physical objects existence. Outline of the «new critical realism»
Pavlenko A.N.
Abstract
It is shown that in the modern physical and cosmological knowledge there is a change of epistemological vector: “theory” is no longer a simple generalization of “experience”. It requests a reconsideration of such concept as “the objects’ existence”. That strategy of positivism, which involved a strong relationship between the physical observability ( O ) and physical existence ( Е ) " x ( O ( x ) « E ( x )) - no longer meet the requirements of modern knowledge. There is a weakening of equivalence to the conjunction $ x ( O ( x ) & E ( x )). It is illustrated “autonomy” of analytic truth with regard to the empirical truth by the example of physical and logical theories.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):70-80
views
Animal communication systems and “the Rubicon” in the theories of the origin of language
Baryshnikov P.N.
Abstract
The modern theories of the origin of language have reached the parity in the argumentation. And now the knowledge of this sphere is expressed with the antinomies. It means that the conflicting approaches are veritable to the same extent. In the cognitive science there is the so-called “Rubicon problem”, which is unsolvable without breaking of the consistency of the one of the conflicting theories. Some researches recognize the deductibility of faculty of language from the animal communication system, whereas others do not recognize it. Both parties have the strong argumentation. This article deals with the ethological, semiotic and psychological approaches to language as abstract symbolic system on the one hand and as social and communicative activity on the other hand. In the context of the “Rubicon problem”, Vygotsky’s works obtain the “novel sound”. The heritage of the ideology-driven Soviet psychological school is relevant again even for the Western scientists. The social and cultural-historical determination of the faculty of language allows bridging the gap between cognitive-ethological and nativist approaches. We argue the idea of under-determination of the ontological status of language as the biological communicative system: the polemic between gradualists and saltationists is far from its completion.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):81-89
views
The problem of the symbolic language in philosophical theology John Macquarrie
Lokhov S.A.
Abstract
In the center of philosophical theology John Makkuori - the category “Being”. Relying on ontological creation of M. Heidegger and the principles of demythologization of sacred texts of R. Bultmann, John Makkuori analyzes a question of how the language allowing conversation only about beings can be expanded so that on it was possible to speak about Being. Attempt to answer this question takes away the English theologian for borders of Christian religious certainty, causes damage to clarity of ideas of religious belief.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):90-98
views
On philosophical foundations of L.Binswanger’s existential psychoanalysis
Arapova E.A.
Abstract
This article deals the philosophical foundations of L. Binswanger’s Daseinanalysis. It’s shown M. Heidegger’s ideas (i.e. a man as Dasein and human being moduses) to be sours of the Binswanger’s psychotherapeutics practice.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):99-103
views
Romanticism and virtual reality
Mardzhi N.M.
Abstract
The article is concerned to the definition and importance of such phenomenon as virtual reality in contemporary world and its roots in the history of culture. It is shown that in Romanticism was developed an arsenal of philosophical, conceptual, artistic and stylistic tools and methods for virtual reality’s creation.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):104-108
views
The emergence of the mythological birth of rights: the case of reconstruction of the Genesis of the Kazakhs legal custom “zhienkuryk”)
Dautalieva K.N.
Abstract
The article analyzes the socio-cultural genesis of ritual nephew theft of property (cattle) uncle of the mother as an example of reconstruction of Kazakh legal custom “zhienkuryk”. The author's understanding of the concept of common law and customary law. Reveals mythological reason ritual theft by analyzing archetype “perpetual revival” (immortality).
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):109-117
views
Mapping on the human genome: progress, problems, prospects
Gnatik E.N.
Abstract
The article is confined to the fifteen-year anniversary of the paramount event in the world of science of the XXI century - to the mapping on the human genome. Implementation of this international program was an unprecedented event in modern natural sciences. Creation of the Human genome project has set biology in a number of the sciences which are capable to realize global programs with huge not only especially scientific, but also practical value. Biotechnologies make essential impact on social and economic development of society, and also on philosophy, morals, the right, religion and other spheres of culture as their application affects problems of management of human nature and all live in general. The author tells about tendencies and features of modern biological science and medicine, about the new level of comprehension of biological problems which is based on results of the Human genome program.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):118-127
views
Evolution stages of concept “value”
Fedorov V.A., Blagova A.S.
Abstract
The article describes the history of the evolution of the content, semantic specificity, and the role of the philosophical categories of “value” from antiquity to the twentieth century. It is shown that the tendency of vesting the meaning of “value” in a certain sense, in the history of European axiology developed from the ethical and aesthetic meaning of the concept to ontological, epistemological, methodological and instrumental.
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):128-140
views
Book Review of V.M. Naidysh Power secrets. Essays on the philosophy of mythology. M.: Alpha, 2014. 288 p
Matushova M.P., Simakin A.G.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):141-144
views
Necrologue
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):145-146
views
On our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2016;(1):147-148
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies