A Propos the Failed First Publication of the Russian Translation of Shu Jing

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Abstract


The Book of Historical Documents (Shu jing) is an ancient Chinese written monument, a collection of addresses of the ruler to the subjects and of the subjects to the rulers. The philosophical meaning of Shu jing is that it mentions or refers to the issues of a broad ideological order. These brief references either gave life to philosophical ideas, or later, after appropriate interpretation, were used by the philosophers to authoritatively confirm their thoughts. The first complete Russian translation of Shu jing was done by Archimandrite Daniil (Dmitriy Petrovich Sivillov, 1789-1871) in the early 40s of the 19th century. The translation was undertaken, first and primarily, as a teaching material assigned to students of the Chinese Language Cathedra at the Kazan Imperial University. This cathedra was first one established in Russia and the second one in Europe. Archimandrite Daniel was its first head in 1837-1844. Unfortunately, the translator have never had a chance to publish his work. Sivillov for the first time in Russian and European Sinology used a purely Chinese commented edition of The Book . The canonical text used by Sivillov and later his followers was considered and understood through the prism of modern Neoconfucianism, which, in comparison with ancient and early medieval Confucianism, reinterpreted and significantly enriched the philosophical meaning of the Shu jing . In some points of understanding of the Neoconfucian interpretation of the ancient text, Archimandrite Daniil was not only ahead of, but also more successful than his later colleagues. The text of the previously unpublished Shu jing Chapter III Da Yu mo Russian translation by archimandrite Daniil is attached.


About the authors

Lidiya V. Stezhenskaya

HSE University; Institute of Far Eastern Studies RAS

Author for correspondence.
Email: lstezhenskaya@hse.ru
20, Myasnitskaya St., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation; 32, Nakhimovsky Av., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

PhD (Philology), Associate Professor, HSE University; Senior Researcher, Institute of Far Eastern Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences

References

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  2. Ancient Chinese History (1822). Department of Manuscripts of the Russian National Library. Al. — Nev. A-20. 64 p.
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