Interdisciplinary Research of Self-Consciousness on the Base of Phenomenology of Karl Jaspers

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Abstract


The objective of analysis is new opportunities in the study of self-awareness, which became possible through the use of an interdisciplinary approach. This approach allows to solve number of conceptual and methodological problems in psychology and psychiatry. The general development of psychiatry in the 20th and early 21st centuries was to improve diagnosis and therapy based on objectively measured indicators. There is a very superficial development of the phenomenology of self-awareness disorders as a result. The interdisciplinary point of view may be the beginning of new theoretical studies of self-awareness in philosophy, as well as provoke pragmatic conclusions for psychological and psychiatric science. Authors claim that the delimitation of the methodological tools of various sciences in the study of self-awareness is unnecessary in principle. interdisciplinary view should be formed by philosophers. The phenomenology of Karl Jaspers and his concept of self-awareness in this sense are heuristically attractive. The authors propose a working model of self-awareness, based on the phenomenological approach of Jaspers, on the ideas of his followers, and also abandoning the disciplinary view of the subject. In this model self-awareness is described through its specific functions. That may be pragmatically useful for mental health professionals: psychiatrists, psychologists and psychotherapists and it may be interesting to philosophers using phenomenological analysis.


About the authors

Olga N. Strelnik

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ostrelnik@mail.ru
Miklukho-Maklay Str., 6, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

CSc in Philosophy, Associate Professor at the Department of ontology and theory of knowledge

Sergey N. Strelnik

Samara State Medical University

Email: sssam12@rambler.ru
Chapaevskaya Str., 89, Samara, Russian Federation, 443099

Сandidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of psychiatry, narcology, psychotherapy and clinical psychology

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