About the Section. Secular Religiosity in the “Dialogue of Worldviews” of Russian Thinkers

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In the section “History of Russian Philosophy”, readers are offered articles that are united by a spatio-temporal framework, since all of them are studies in the field of Russian philosophy of the late XIX - early XX centuries. However, some other aspects of this unity, methodological and problematic, are of much greater significance to us. In this case, the keynote for the section may be the statement of M.A. Maslin, whose ideas are based on in the article “Problem of intellectual doubles in contemporary research of Russian history of philosophy (an example of Russian Narodism)” O. Marсhevsky (Prešov): “Russian philosophy is a subject and problem field for a dialogue of worldviews not only within itself, but and for external observers, representatives of other cultures.” [1]. The dialogue of worldviews in this context is the key to understanding the subject of the research and the researcher himself, it allows to identify the relevance of those problems and discussions that authors touch upon, and to a large extent clarify, stereotypes and auto-stereotypes that inevitably accompany any historical and philosophical reconstruction. That is why the participation of researchers of different traditions and cultures, but at the same time united by a common subject, in our opinion, can also be considered as a kind of dialogue of worldviews, opening up new facets and problem areas of traditional directions for the history of Russian philosophy. In this case, this direction is the problem of secular religiosity, uniting in one problem field such fundamental thinkers as L. Tolstoy, Vyach. Ivanov, A. Bely and A. Vvedensky. The article of I.I. Evlampiev and I.Yu. Matveeva (St. Petersburg) “L.N. Tolstoy’s principle of “non-resistance to evil by violence” in the context of Russian religious philosophy of the late XIX - early XX century” substantiates the legitimacy and even inevitability of a religious understanding of the principle of non-resistance to evil in the late works of L. Tolstoy. This allows, according to the researchers, to bring Tolstoy’s teaching to the level of deep and integral religious teaching. Multilevel analysis of Vyach. Ivanov’s small work, undertaken in the article by F. Corrado-Kazanski (Bordeaux), “Sobornost’ and Humanism: cultural philosophical analysis of Vyach. Ivanov's essay “Legion and Sobornost’” gives the author the opportunity to manifest the meanings that are in the scaled down, sometimes latent state, contained in the text. As a result of the textual analysis, F. Korrado-Kazanskaya leads us to such understanding of sobornost’, which can be grasped not in the context of A. Khomyakov tradition, which is main for Russian thought, but in the tradition coming from St. Augustine. The article by A. Schmitt (Trier) “The concept of Andrei Bely's “self-conscious soul”: to the synthesis of Kant’s early reception with the teachings and esoteric practice of Steiner” poses an urgent problem of identification and analysis of the ideological foundations of the texts that make up the corpus of Russian philosophical thought. The example of A. Bely’s “History of the self-conscious Soul” clearly demonstrates the need to consider both his own philosophical (critical philosophy of Kant) and the extra-philosophical context (Steiner’s esoteric meditative practice), which eventually allows to determine the essential features of the theory of the self-conscious soul. The section is completed by the study of P.A. Vladimirov (Saratov) “To the origins of the formation of Russian neo-Kantianism: methodological grounds of A.I. Vvedensky, where the so-called “critical methodology” of the thinker is considered not only in the context of Russian neo-Kantianism, but also in the context of the religious searching of Russian philosophy at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, since it had the tool to solve the problem of cognition of irrational phenomena.

About the authors

A. V. Martseva


Author for correspondence.
Email: martseva-av@rudn.ru
Miklukho-Maklaya st., 6, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Department of History of Philosophy


  1. Maslin MA. Russian Philosophy as Dialog of Worldviews. Voprosy Filosofii. 2013; (1): 43—48. (In Russian).
  2. Kirabaev NS. Philosophy in the context of classical Arab Muslim culture: issues of ideas and categories. RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2012 (4): 111. (In Russian).



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