Visual images of beauty of the word in the Persian poetry of XVI - the beginning of XVIII century: the Indian style and painting by word

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Abstract


The article is devoted to the problem of changing stylistic paradigm in the Persian poetry of XVI-XVII centuries and reflection of this process in self-consciousness of outstanding authors of the period. Parallel with preserving stable norms of traditional poetics literary practice demonstrates flexibility and forms new range of popular poetic strategies. New aesthetic criteria if ideal poetic language, expressed with epithet ‘colourful’ ( rangin ), appears alongside with criteria of previous period, expressed with epithet ‘sweet’ ( shirin ) and step by step gets leadership. Lyric poetry ( qhazal ) of three famous authors of the period of formation and golden age of Indian style served the object of analyses. The phenomena of visualization of imagery connected with perfect poetic language illustrated by examples of ‘Poet and Poetry’ motifs located in ‘frame text’ in end of the qhazal . These motifs serve one of the regular contexts of author’s name ( takhallus ) and show author’s attitude to his creation, including stylistic preferences. Refinement of poetic fantasy being declared basic condition of creating perfect poetry described visually as coiling lasso, poetry itself as flourishing garden, fountain or European house decorated with painting. Such characteristic of word creation has analogies in the works of Baroque style theorist Giambattista Marino (1569-1625).


About the authors

Marina L. Reisner

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: marinareys@iaas.msu.ru
11 Mokhovaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 101999

Doctor of Sciences (Literature), Professor of the Department of Iranian philology, Institute of Asian and African Studies

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