“CONSCIOUSNESS OF GOD” (“GOTTESBEWUSSTSEIN”) IN GUSTAV TEICHMULLER’S PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION

Cover Page

Abstract


The article is devoted to the analysis of the concept “Consciousness of God” in the system of personalistic views of German philosopher Gustav Teichmüller (1832-1888). The difference between this concept and the similar concepts of “religious feeling” (“Gefühl”) and “knowledge of God” («Gotteserkenntniss») is shown. The evolution of representations of individual religious experience in Teichmüller’s thought in the article is traced in two contexts: in early, or “German” period of his work (the question of the immortality of the soul and the concept of “parousia” in Plato’s thought) and late, “Dorpatian” period, which was mainly devoted to the construction of its own original personalistic and Neo-Leibnizian system of views. The important part of that system was the project of “Philosophy of Religion” («Religionsphilosophie», 1886), which was planned as a part of a more general and un-released project of “Theologica”. The specific of Teichmüller’s thought of individual religious experience is disclosed upon the analysis of his system of “ontological epistemology” and also on the basis of methods of projectivism and perspectivism. On the basis of this methodology also Teichmüller’s distinction between “true” (Christianity as a true God-man religion) and “untrue” (pantheism, materialism, atheism, Buddhism, Brahmanism, etc.) religious and philosophical systems are analyzed. The close connection between Teichmüller’s ideas of individual religious experience and the previous tradition (A. Trendelenburg, R.G. Lotze, German liberal theology, F. Schleiermacher, A. Ritschl, D.F. Strauß, etc.) is demonstrated. Also is shown Teichmüller’s influence on both western (A. von Harnack, R. Eucken, W. Stern) and Russian (“Yuriev's philosophical school”, Ye.A. Bobrov, V.F. Liutoslavsky, V.S. Scilkarsky, A.A. Kozlov, etc.) philosophical and religious thought.


About the authors

A Yu Berdnikova

Institute of Philosophy of RAS

Author for correspondence.
Email: alexser015@yandex.ru
12/1 Goncharnaya Str., Moscow, 109240, Russian Federation

кандидат философских наук, научный сотрудник Института философии РАН

References

  1. Avdeev OK. Vospriyatie idei F.D.E. Shleiermakhera v russkoi filosofii vtoroi poloviny XIX — nachala XX veka. Stat'ya vtoraya. RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics. 2013;1:23—31. (In Russ.)
  2. Vvedenskii Aleksei Iv. Odin iz tipov universitetskoi filosofii. Bogoslovskii vestnik. 1896;III(8): 212—228. (In Russ.)
  3. Garadzha VI., Mitrokhin LN. Filosofiya religii. Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya. V. IV. Moscow: Mysl'; 2001. p. 230—235. (In Russ.)
  4. Kant I. Kritika chistogo razuma. Per s nem. NO Losskogo. Moscow: Mysl'; 1994. 591 p. (In Russ.)
  5. Kimelev YuA. Filosofiya religii: Sistematicheskii ocherk. Moscow: Izdatel'skii Dom «Nota Bene»; 1998. 424 p. (In Russ.)
  6. Leibnits GV. Monadologiya/ Per. s nem. EA. Bobrova. Leibnits GV. Sochineniya v chetyrekh tomakh: V. I / Red. i sost., avt. vstupit, stat'i i primech. VV Sokolov; perevod YaM Borovskogo i dr. Moscow: Mysl'; 1982. p. 413—430. (In Russ.)
  7. Oizerman TI. K voprosu o znamenitom tezise Kanta. Kantovskii sbornik. 2005;1(25):3—13. (In Russ.)
  8. Oksfordskoe rukovodstvo po filosofskoi teologii. Sost. Tomas P. Flint i Maikl K. Rei; red. MO Kedrova. In-t filosofii RAN. Moscow: Yazyki slavyanskoi kul'tury; 2013. 872 p. (In Russ.)
  9. Prasolov MA. Sub"ekt i sushchee v russkom metafizicheskom personalizme. St. Petersburg: Asterion; 2007. 354 p. (In Russ.)
  10. Pylaev MA, Morozova ES. Filosofskaya teologiya F. Shleiermakhera. St Tikhon’s University Review. Series I: Theology. Philosophy. 2015;1(57):56—68. (In Russ.)
  11. Teichmüller G. Bessmertie dushi. Per. s nem. A.K. Nikolaeva pod red. E.A. Bobrova. Yur'ev, 1895. VIII+200 p. (In Russ.)
  12. Teikhmyuller G. Deistvitel'nyi i kazhushchiisya mir. Per. s nem. Ya. Krasnikova. Kazan', 1913. 389 p. (In Russ.)
  13. Ukolov KI. Vopros o statuse bogosloviya kak nauki v nemetskom protestantizme (Schleiermacher, Trel'ch, Tillikh). St. Tikhon’s University Review. Series I: Theology. Philosophy. 2009;2(26): p. 39—57. (In Russ.)
  14. Ukolov KI. Uchenie Kanta o religii i ego vliyanie na razvitie nemetskogo bogosloviya. Available from: http://www.bogoslov.ru/es/text/352399.html (In Russ.)
  15. Schwenke H. Teoriya poznaniya kak osnova ontologii. Novyi vzglyad na filosofiyu Gustava Teikhmyullera / Per. s nem. A.B. Grigor'eva Issledovaniya po istorii russkoi mysli: Ezhegodnik za 2006—2007 g. / Pod redaktsiei MA. Kolerova i NS. Plotnikova. Moscow: Modest Kolerov; 2009. p. 211—239. (In Russ.)
  16. Schleiermacher F. Rechi o religii k obrazovannym lyudyam ee prezirayushchim: Monologi Per. s nem. S.L. Franka. Moscow—Kiev: AO «ALETEIYa»; 1994. 432 p. (In Russ.)
  17. Shokhin VK. Istoricheskii genezis filosofii religii: problema i ee naibolee veroyatnye resheniya Filosofiya religii: al'manakh. 2006—2007 / Pod red. V.K. Shokhina. Moscow: Nauka; 2007. p. 15—88. (In Russ.)
  18. Shtraus DVF. Zhizn' Iisusa / Per. s nem. V. Ul'rikha. Moscow: Respublika; 1992. 528 p. (In Russ.)
  19. Eiken R. Osnovnye problemy sovremennoi filosofii religii / Per. s nem. S.I. Povarnina. 2-e izd. St.Petersburg, 1910. 72 p. (In Russ.)
  20. Schwenke H. “A Star of the First Magnitude within the Philosophical World”: Introduction to Life and Work of Gustav Teichmüller. Studia Philosophica Estonica. 2009; (2):2—24. (In Eng.)
  21. Schwenke H. Zurück zur Wirklichkeit: Bewusstsein und Erkenntnis bei Gustav Teichmüller. Basel: Schwabe; 2006. 400 p. (In Germ.)
  22. Teichmüller G. Aristotelische Forschungen III. Geschichte des Begriffs der Parusie. Halle; 1873. 198 p. (In Germ.)
  23. Teichmüller G. Religionsphilosophie. Breslau; 1886. 558 p. (In Germ.)

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 941

PDF (Russian) - 196

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2018 Berdnikova A.Y.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies