SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN SOCIETY: THE ETHICAL ASPECT

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Abstract


The article analyzes the features of the formation and development of new ethical principles in the conditions of scientific and technological development of modern society. It is noted that the new technological realities of human existence require appropriate reflection in ethical concepts, introducing certain changes in them, the degree of novelty of which allows us to talk about the formation of a new ethics of the scientific, technological and information society. Scientific and technological development is understood as qualitative changes in the technological balance of the economy, leading to economic growth, through the development of science, the creation and use of advanced technologies. These processes need a moral assessment, since from the beginning of the industrial and, subsequently, information revolution, science, technology and new technologies brought not only a positive but also a serious negative contribution to the social and economic process. In the course of this assessment, it is necessary to resolve the contradiction between the need to realize the creative element of a person expressed in the creation of technology and the preservation of the humanistic orientation of scientific and technological development. By directing scientific and technical progress to ethical imperatives and the goals of sustainable development, mankind will be able to turn technology and technologies from morally neutral into value-weighted ones, thereby providing the future generation with the necessary moral imperatives for the humanization of science and technology. Scientific and technological activity is aimed at the development of mankind, has as its goal the good of man, therefore it is humane in nature, and its ethical principles are largely determined by an understanding of the foundations of humanism. For the modern, and even more for the future of the world scientific community, the further development of the tendency for the humanization of science and technology, the ever more complete subordination to the goals of mankind, the combination of research and value approaches, the development of their ethical foundations becomes particularly important.

About the authors

V A Tsvyk

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: tsvyk_va@university.rudn
Miklukho-Maklaya Str., 6 Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

I V Tsvyk

Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University)

Email: tsvykirina@mail.ru
Volokolamskoe Shosse, 4 Moscow, Russian Federation, 125993

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