Spinor Model of the Transition of the Universe from the Slow Expansion to the Accelerating One

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Abstract


According to the astronomical data our Universe is expanding with acceleration in the present stage. One of the possible explanation of such evolution is that in the present epoch about 70% of the total mass of the Universe is represented by dark energy(cosmic vacuum). Under simulating of the matter of the Universe we use the state equation of the form P =Wɛ, where P is pressure, ɛ is energy density. Under such state equation W = -1 corresponds to dark energy, that leads us to the state equation of the ideal fluid with negative pressure: P= -ɛ < 0. This case corresponds to the cosmological constant. The transition from the slow expansion to the accelerating one means that at some stage of the evolution acceleration a(t) changes it’s sign from minus to plus. In this case the parameter W changes from values W > -1 to the value W = -1. It is notable that the case - 1 < W < -1 3 corresponds to the quintessence, and W < -1 - to the phantom matter. In this work we consider the transition of the Universe from the slow expansion to the accelerating one on the assumption that the Universe is filled by spinor matter.

N A Kovalchukov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: n.kovalchukov@rudn.ru
Department of Theoretical Physics and Mechanics

G N Shikin

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Department of Theoretical Physics and Mechanics

L P Yuschenko

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: yuschenko_leonid@mail.ru
Department of Theoretical Physics and Mechanics

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Copyright (c) 2015 Ковальчуков Н.А., Шикин Г.Н., Ющенко Л.П.

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