Results of Conversion Osteosynthesis in Treatment of Patients with Long Bone Fractures

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Abstract


Аbctract. Treatment of long bones fractures of the extremities has a particular relevance in modern traumatology due to their high frequency, as well as a large number of deaths in patients with polytrauma. It is dangerous to perform an urgent final osteosynthesis in severe patients because of the possibility of shock and the deterioration of the condition of the injured. Therefore, the principle of Damage control with urgent fixation of damaged segments by external fixation and their subsequent replacement (converse) to intramedullary osteosynthesis had a particular relevance in the treatment of patients with long bones fractures. Purpose: Improving treatment outcomes for patients with long bones fractures. Materials and methods. In the present study, a retrospective analysis of using conversion osteosynthesis in the treatment of 120 patients with long bones extremities fractures in a multidisciplinary hospital was carried out. For a better analysis of the results of treatment, we divided the patients into two groups: The first group 44 patients with fractures of the long bones with polytrauma according to the ISS severity scale> 17. The second group consists of 76 patients with closed isolated unstable comminuted fractures of the long bones with severe post-traumatic edema, who have a high risk of significant trauma of soft tissues. Results. The most optimal time for conversion osteosynthesis to patients with polytrauma was 7-12 days, which prevented the occurrence of traumatic shock; and for patients with closed isolated unstable fractures of long bones with significant of post-traumatic edema for conversion osteosynthesis, the optimal time was 3-7 days after injury, which prevented the occurrence of inflammatory complications in the postoperative period. Conclusion. The study confirmed the feasibility of conversion osteosynthesis in the treatment of patients with diaphyseal fractures. The use of the technique of transferring the fixation of fragments by the external fixation device to the internal osteosynthesis (conversion) contributed to a reduction in the duration of inpatient treatment of patients with fractures of the long bones.


About the authors

Ya. M. Alsmadi

RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia); Eramishchantsev City Clinical Hospital

Author for correspondence.
Email: yaseenalsmadi@gmail.com
Moscow, Russia

N. V. Zagorodniy

RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia); National Medical Research Center for Traumatology and Orthopedics named after N.N. Priorov

Email: yaseenalsmadi@gmail.com
Moscow, Russia

E. I. Solod

RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia); National Medical Research Center for Traumatology and Orthopedics named after N.N. Priorov; Eramishchantsev City Clinical Hospital

Email: yaseenalsmadi@gmail.com
Moscow, Russia

A. F. Lazarev

National Medical Research Center for Traumatology and Orthopedics named after N.N. Priorov

Email: yaseenalsmadi@gmail.com
Moscow, Russia

M. A. Abdulkhabirov

RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia); Eramishchantsev City Clinical Hospital

Email: yaseenalsmadi@gmail.com
Moscow, Russia

D. A. Ananyin

RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia); Eramishchantsev City Clinical Hospital

Email: yaseenalsmadi@gmail.com
Moscow, Russia

R. A. Petrovskiy

RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia); Eramishchantsev City Clinical Hospital

Email: yaseenalsmadi@gmail.com
Moscow, Russia

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Copyright (c) 2019 Alsmadi Y.M., Zagorodniy N.V., Solod E.I., Lazarev A.F., Abdulkhabirov M.A., Ananyin D.A., Petrovskiy R.A.

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