Vol 22, No 2 (2017)

LITERARY CRITICISM
THE PREMIERE OF A.P. CHEKHOV’S TATYANA REPINA AT JUDSON POETS’ THEATER
Spachil O.V.
Abstract

The materials from the New York University archives as well as the author’s interview with actress Essie Borden who took part in the play, served as the basic data for the presented article, which tells the story of A.P. Chekhov’s Tatyana Repina premiere staged by The Judson Poets’ Theater for the first time. Reverend Al Carmines who was the leading figure in Off-off Broadway movement in the 70-ies and 90ies of the XXth century was the producer of the staging. John Racin’s translation as well as his long term research on Tatyana Repina by A.S. Suvorin and A.P. Chekhov made it possible to show Tatyana Repina to English-speaking public. The full overview of all the newspaper articles dedicated to the pay allowed to draw the conclusion that the staging was well accepted by the contemporaries as an experimental show put together by a group of enthusiasts, but did not get any attention of big theater producers. Themes and problems of the drama were not of any interest for the majority of audience, the play could not be of any commercial value, so the premiere show remained the only one in the USA. The drama plays a very important role in understanding of the creative dialog between A.P. Chek-hov and A.S. Suvorin and understanding of Chekhov’s themes and innovative approaches to playma-king.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):203-212
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“I’m interested not in a man but his attitude to Mystery” (symbolism of early Andrei Bely: theurgy and ethics of the artist)
Sarychev V.A.
Abstract

The author of the article analyzes the formation process of symbolism esthetics in creative work of A. Bely - the ideological leader of “argonaut” society. The study is based on his early theoretical publications, memoirs of his contemporaries and his own memoirs in which he doesn’t only restore the atmosphere of eschatological hopes of Moscow Solovyov-followers for “the end of the world history” and rebirth of humans, but also subjects the ideas of “the beginning of the century” of inevitable and bitter correction. Underlining that the discovered by Bely “the antimony between private life and life in ideas” was unconquerable (the poet’s break up with N.I. Petrovskaya), the author of the article unlike his predecessors doesn’t absolve the poet (as a person and as a theoretician of theurgic symbolism) from the guilt over it.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):213-227
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THE HISTORIOSOPHICAL ATTITUDES IN THE WORKS OF M.A. VOLOSHIN
Melnikov E.S.
Abstract

The article discusses the historiosophical attitudes of M.A. Voloshin on the future of Russia and on the fate of humanity as a whole. These attitudes were partially inspired by the historical period in which Maximilian Voloshin has lived. The World War I, the terrorism, the Bolshevik Revolution - all of these themes were reflected in the poetry and journalistic creations of the author. The fact that in these years Voloshin was increasingly drawn to the works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky - another thinker who considered the question about the sad future of Russia in the period of revolutions and wars - is no less important. The point of intersection between historiosophical attitudes of both thinkers also receive detailed consideration in the text of the article.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):228-236
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Epic genre in modern prose. Epic and history in tetralogy “Judgment days” by Andrei Volos
Meskin V.A.
Abstract

The article analyzes the content and shape of the recently published work by a famous writer A.Volos, who does not see his four relatively autonomous novels as separate, thus serving an example of positive experience in modern Russian epic poetry. United by historicism, serving the basis of narration, the novels describe dramatic destinies of the same characters. Much prominence is given to the composition, psychologism, and word usage. Reasoning and conclusions are based on analytical publications, and the writer’s own perceptions concerning his work.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):237-245
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THE PEDAGOGICAL NOVEL IN THE RUSSIAN CHILDREN LITERATURE OF THE SECOND THIRD OF THE XX CENTURY
Meskin V.A., Zolotukhina A.V.
Abstract

The article analyzes the formal-substantive components of the pedagogical novels in Russian literature of the XX century - “The Republic SHKID” by G. Belykh and L. Panteleev, “Pedagogical poem” by A. Makarenko, “School of Dostoevsky” V.N. Soroky-Rosinskiy. The author points to an implicit dialogue between these writers, with the necessity makes the excursions to the more remote past of the Russian literature, to the history and development of pedagogy, discusses about the causes and forms of interaction between pedagogy and literature for children. The subjective and objective preconditions of the formation of different author’s aesthetic and pedagogical concepts are identified.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):246-255
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INTERTEXTUALITY IN THE MODERN RUSSIAN POETRY
Zinurova E.S.
Abstract

The article presents the analysis of specific manifestations of intertextuality in the Russian poetry of the late XX - early XXI ages. In the introduction, the author gives a short review of the theoretical aspect of the theme - the nature of intertextuality. In the main part author derives a hypothesis that there are obvious dialogical relations between modern and classic poets. The basic forms of creative interaction are regarded in this aspect. The author analyzes lyrics of “innovators” and “archaists” among the poets of the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. The conclusion is made of the difference in the intertextual poetics of the creative works between the followers of the classical or modernist methods of poetic expression. The author’s reasoning and conclusions are based on analytical publications in recent years and the works of famous and little-known poets.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):256-266
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THE ETHIC POSITION OF THE AUTHOR IN THE NOVEL BY G. VLADIMOV “THE GENERAL AND HIS ARMY”
Chistyakov A.V., Denisenko A.V.
Abstract

The article deals with the author’s position in Vladimov’s novel “The General and His Army”, The writer reaches a very high level of artistic evaluation of life, He wants to know the basics of life, to understand the motives of people, what are the reasons for victories and defeats?. Why can a victory turn into a defeat and vice versa? The author is interested in historical problems common to humanity. The writer’s commitment to grass-roots mentality is also manifested on another level that is the moral level as such. Throughout the book Vladimov adheres to the principle which he formulated long ago - the first class literature presupposes not the way it is written in but implies the deep meaning behind the words. Striving after the imaginative force, the writer avoids exemplification and authoritarian style. Using not only the literary tradition but also the folklore and mythological methods Vladimov expands the horizons of the narration. The writer sticks to the facts but at the same time he tries to perceive the lines of development that are demonstrated not by the participants of the events - no matter how great their role in those events might be - but by the life itself which is in the historical course as well as in the destinies of individuals.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):267-273
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THE MARGINAL HERO IN THE PROSE OF R. SENCHIN
Ponomareva T.A.
Abstract

The article examines the marginal type of personality in the novel of R. Senchin. “Yoltyshevs”. The author continues traditions of Russian classical literature and “village prose” and refers to the theme of the “little man” in post-Soviet Russia. The plot is based on the disintegration of home, family and personality, the marginalization of the human nature itself and significant part of society. The characters of the novel have lost their standards of traditional civilization, and the true urban culture remained alien to them. Yoltyshevs have become marginals both in the city and in the country. The position “outside of the culture” led them to destruction.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):274-281
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THE IMAGE OF IRINA TOMCHAK IN KUBAN CHAPTERS IN THE EPIC NOVEL “THE RED WEEL” BY A.I. SOLZHENITSYN
Bi J.
Abstract

The typology of female images in novels “The Red Wheel” has been paid insufficient attention. Describers in the world, which was created by A. I. Solzhenitsyn, are not only masculinity but also female images, because they are not less important than other images created by Solzhenitsyn. Following the classic literary tradition is found in certain types of female characters.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):282-290
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THE WORK OF SVETLANA ALEXIEVICH IN THE CONTEXT OF THE HISTORY OF DOCUMENTARY FICTIONAL PROSE (“BOYS IN ZINC”)
Górska K.
Abstract

The research focuses on the specifics of a famous writer’s documentary fictional prose. First, it is important to understand, what the notion of “documentary literature” means and how it changed in the history of literature, and when, under what circumstances and for what reasons “documentary fiction” appears. Then, it is as important to identify the role and functions of the author, or the author’s voice as the genre’s specifics. The article analyses the interaction of the fictional and the documentary elements in “Boys in Zinc” by Svetlana Alexievich and shows that her work is a unique example of using the “living human voice” as a document of time.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):291-301
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FROM SPECTATOR TO READER: READING REFLECTION IN MARGUERITE DURAS’S OEUVRES
Shulyatyeva D.V.
Abstract

The article is focused on the specificity of perception of literary and cinematic works by Marguerite Duras, in which the spectator becomes a reader in terms of literary reading’s model of perception. This process is based on the recreation of characteristics of literary reading in films. As a result, the spectator of Duras’s films is intended to produce a reflection both on literary and cinematic medium and finds himself involved in a process of progressive drift from spectator to reader.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):302-311
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JOURNALISM
VIDEO GAMES AND NEW MEDIA: GAME APPROACH TO COMMUNICATIONS WITHIN VIRTUAL SPACE
Volkova I.I.
Abstract

The author of the article states that there is a problem of a controlled transition to the WWW of a passive audience that perceives online information on the type of traditional media consumers. In this regard, she suggests that researchers focus on the phenomenon of computer games that develop the ability of Internet users to evolve analytical thinking and work independently with information. Thus, the quality of proactivity is formed in the audience. The article deals with the classification of computer games that is relevant for new media. It is based on active action options for players. This is an instrumental embodiment of the subject-subject model of network communication.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):312-320
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RUSSIAN GAME SHAW “WHAT? WHERE? WHEN”: DRAMATIC FEATURES
Kemarskaya I.N.
Abstract

The article aims to explore the dramatic nature of the popular Russian game show “What? Where? When?”. The history of this program is traced as the development of the original and innovative TV format, which foresaw for decades the trends of the global television industry. This approach emphasis on viewers oriented dramaturgy of the game show, typical dramatic techniques, stylistic and genre features, ways to attract and retain the audience’s attention. Also the article concerns the problems of screen time, the improvisation and openness of scenes under of strict rules, the types of screen attractions and other dramaturgic principles. The program is regarded as a cultural phenomenon of the postmodern era, characterized by variations of the basic dramatic structure in each new original issue.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):321-332
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POLITICAL MEDIA MEMES’ PERSUASION AND FUNCTIONING IN SOCIAL MEDIA
Kuznetsov I.S., Soldatkina Y.V.
Abstract

The purpose of the article is to analyze the political media memes’ functioning, their effects and persuasion, to classify them and to describe their structure. In this study finding authors describe the actual persuasion of media memes in contemporary Russian society. Media memes have got a clear structure via they could spread in social media. This structure also allows to classify media memes for better understanding their functioning and general message, authors rank political media memes illustrating the ones of recent US presidential elections. These units’ successful using as a format of media effect and their replication in media can depend on our ways of persuasion, on neurological and psychological basis of information virality. In a nutshell, political media memes couldn’t be considered as humor units only, but also as a format of media impact, an effective tool of media discourse, propaganda and political agitation during election season.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):333-339
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SOME FEATURES OF ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL NEWSPAPER IN RUSSIA
Rodionov T.S.
Abstract

This paper shows the author’s results in studying the emergence and development of city newspapers and features of urban readership’s priorities in Russia in the 19th - beginning of the 20th century. Origin of Russian city dailies and weeklies nearly coincided with the end of formation of city estates, which took place in the first third of the 19th century. Social life democratizing of the end of the 1850s - the beginning of the 1860s served as catalyst of acceleration of information processes. Growth of education influenced the formation of city readership. During half a century development, city newspaper became multifunctional. It also performed as communication channel. Being a type of commercial enterprise, private newspaper often showed the ability to respond to civic needs of citizens notwithstanding the censorship. Such features became especially noticeable on the eve of the first Russian revolution in 1905 and establishment of the First State Duma in 1906. It was the qualitative result of evolution of city daily and urban public’s information priorities.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):340-351
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FEATURES OF GLOSSY MEDIA CONTENT DESTRIBUTION IN APPLICATION FOR SMARTPHONES AND TABLET COMPUTERS
Kutsenko V.V.
Abstract

Close attention of Russian and foreign researchers is currently undergoing a process of changing the distribution of media content in the digital environment. The processes of convergence and digitalization put before the editorial board new tasks, the main of which to construct the single communicative space and to create the unified information environment, based on the integration of various formats of the contest. The goal of the article is to review the most important channels for the distribution glossy magazines content in the mobile application environment. To classify the application data in terms of technical, genre and communication features. Identify the advantages and problems that are revealed in the process of digitalization. Considering the links established between the different forms of glossy media and analyzes current trends in their development.

RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):352-360
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REVEWS
DOCUMENTARY TELEVISION FILM
Shirobokov A.N., Baryshnikov K.B.
Abstract
The article covers the special report as a TV genre. The authors discuss its origin, history and current role on television. The development of this genre is linked to the works of such local journalists as A.G. Malkina, I.K. Belyaeva, M.E. Goldovskaya, V. Lisakovich and film director S. Govorukhin. “Genre diffusion” as the special report basis has evolved from the efforts to project huge historical events taking place in the 90-s of the 20-th century on movie and television screens. These events simply didn’t fit into the timeframe and theme limits of a conventional TV report. The scale and importance of these events demanded a search for new forms of presenting the material that would maintain the suspense of reporting and enable to fully examine and analyze the events. The article provides the analysis of movie and television films made in the 90-s of the last century
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2017;22(2):361-367
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