No 4 (2016)

Articles
“LETTERS OF THE RUSSIAN TRAVELLER” BY N.M. KARAMZIN IN HISTORICAL AND LITERARY DISCOURSETO THE 250-TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE WRITER
Polyakova L.V.
Abstract
In the article we deal with the collection of the “Leters…” by N.M. Karamzin analyzing them in context of the Russian and world literary genre tradition. The mentioned collection is thought of as some source of motivation inspiring the writer in his work with “The History of the Russian State”. A special attention is paid not only to the connection of Karamzin’s letters with epistolary intercourse by Sh.M. Djupati, but also with the narrative by K.F. Moriz and the Russian national tradition, the dawn of which is connected with the figure of D.I. Fonvizin and which was accepted as naitive one and greatly enriched by F.M. Dostoevsky. The author comes to the conclusion that international and inter-state relations is a topic which has become eternal in the sphere of art by the XXI-st century and which will always be up-to-date; a special portrait painting technology including the usage of national and comparative characteristics, the wide and multifunctional colour range as well as the symbiosis of various genre form does underline the importance of the “Leters…” by N.M. Karamzin in the development not only Russian, but world literature as well. The polymorphic and regional character of the named collection inspires the usage of the philological regionalistics methodology and all of its possibilities while analyzing “local images” in the mentioned literary work
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):7-20
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CLASSIC CODE IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE(I.A. GONCHAROV «OBLOMOV»)
Bychkova O.A.
Abstract
The article discusses the features of existence of classical texts in modern literary space. By the example of the famous novel by I.A. Goncharov “Oblomov” addresses the issues of continuity in Russian literature, describe the mechanisms of the formation of a single text space, open to dialogue. As key put forward the concept of “code”, which is understood as above- textual unit, is used to create multiple associative fields in the literature, appealing to the original source. The peculiarities of aesthetics creativity of I.A. Goncharov were explored, revealed the inexhaustible potential of the classical text for the development of modern literature. Studied allusions to the novel by Goncharov in the works byL.N. Tolstoy, V. Nabokov, T. Tolstaya, etc.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):21-27
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N.N. TOLSTOY: TEENAGE YEARS IN MOSCOW HIGH SCHOOLS
Belousova E.V.
Abstract
The article under consideration is dedicated to the students’ years of N.N. Tolstoy, the elder brother of L.N. Tolstoy. The novelty of the article is characterized by the fact that the unique archive papers dealing with N.N. Tolstoy and unknown to the general public have been introduced into scientific research for the first time. The materials dated to 1830-1840 found in Central Historical Archive of Moscow are of a special importance due to the fact that that period of the Tolstoys life turned out to be obscure because of the absence of any documentary or epistolary sources. Despite applying only to the life of N.N. Tolstoy they can be viewed as a perfect commentary to L.N. Tolstoy trilogy “Childhood. Adolescence.Youth”. Scientific value of the research before us appears to be the possibility for L. Tolstoy literary researchers to get acquainted with new materials related either to the life of N.N. Tolstoy or literary creation of L. Tolstoy. The documents published have been unknown to the writer’s biographers. Conclusion: the archives contain a lot of mysteries the revelation of which will contribute to the history of Russian literature.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):28-38
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ANTHROPONIMICAL AREA AS THE SIMBOLIC DESIGNATION OF THE MOST COMMON CHARACTER TYPES(‘A PROFITABLE PLACE’ BY A.N. OSTROVSKY)
Isakova I.N.
Abstract
The anthroponyms in the plays of A.N. Ostrovsky has long attracted the attention of researchers, and most often is the connection of etymology of name with the character of its bearer. This article examines the semantics of the anthroponyms of the play ‘А Profitable place’, discusses the idea of their etymology in the speeches of the characters. We are trying to consider the name, surname and patronymic of the system. As a result, in each case, there is a original text, giving a complete picture of the nature of a character. In fact, the anthroponyms is a nominations of types, the most common among officials, which gives the images almost a mythological generalization. Anthroponyms constitute a system, which corresponds to the system of the characters in the play (Jadov contrasted with the other characters).
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):39-49
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TYNYANOV AND OPOYAZ
Berezhnaya E.P.
Abstract
The article deals with the research of Yu. Tynyanov’s methodology regardless of the OPOYAZ paradigm. Slovotsentrizm (the dominant role of the word in human consciousness) of the Russian culture is clearly and tangibly manifested in the magic of OPOYAZ word, meaning a society of researchers aiming to find and examine the formal laws of prevalently poetic language. Both I.Shklovsky and B. Eyhenbaum considered the scientific historical construction of literature in terms of slovotsentrizm tradition. Therefore, their coordinated cooperation with the existing regime was required. The Tynyanov’s case is not typical for the Russian society. Having made literature and what he most loved in it - poetry, poems the subject of research, he did not rely on the art of a word only. His overflow from the field of philology was the departure from those forms of expression, which considered to be an ideological substratum of culture, to nonverbal intuitions, as the latter are not burdened by the system of rhetorical rules and are better able to create a new and more free world view.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):50-57
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A. PUSHKIN IN LITERARY CRITICISM OF F. SOLOGUB: TYPOLOGY OF POETRY
Meskin V.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the criticism of F. Sologub. The negative attitude of the master of symbolism towards A. Pushkin comes from peculiarities of his philosophical and aesthetic views. The author concludes that F. Sologub divides poetry into two types: extroverted and introverted; the art, in which a poet’s aesthetic experience refers to the events occurring in observable space and time, and the art in which a poet’s aesthetic experience refers to his inner existential conclusions. In this context the author touches upon the poetry of G. Byron, M. Lermontov, V. Zhukovsky, E. Poe, Novalis, P. Verlaine.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):58-66
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HYPOTHETIC TYPE OF MONOPHONIC TEXT: PROBLEM OF AESTHETIC TYPOLOGY
Lumpova L.N.
Abstract
The article deals with the reconstruction of semantic type of monophonic text. The conception presented in the article proceeds from the contraposition of monophony and polyphony and the semantic type of polyphonic text. The approach of research is the principle “thesis - antithesis”, where the author executes the translation of each thesis of semantic type of polyphonic text into the antithesis identifying with the hypothetic type of monophonic text which is also verified by some text material.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):67-77
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NEOMYTHOLOGICAL TENDENCIES IN CONTEMPORARY PROSE: STORIES BY LEV NAUMOV
Gavrikov V.A.
Abstract
This article is devoted to neomyphological aspects of the creative work of contemporary writer Lev Naumov. It includes a brief overview of his biography and key artistic achievements. In the research dominant attention is paid to the specifics of Naumov’s creative method, which can be determined as metaphysical parables, philosophical prose with the elements of science fiction and metanarration. Article proves that stories from the author’s book “Whisper of Forgotten Letters” represent a solid supertext, in which the neomyphological tendencies are strong and vital. These tendencies are notable in the arrangement of the space-time continuum, subjectival area and plots composition. Matrix semantic structure of Naumov’s texts is arranged by sacred codes, which have typological affinity with texts of protoreflective traditionalism. At the same time, there are traces of postmodern game poetics in author’s texts.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):78-83
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ELEMENTS OF BIOGRAPHICAL MYTH YU DOMBROWSKI
Bayanbayeva Z.A.
Abstract
Article is devoted to problems of studying of the biographic myth of Yu.O. Dombrovsky. Sources of the biographic myth are specified in article. Biographic implications of works of the Russian writers are investigated, the problem of the cultural self-identification of Yu. Dombrovsky based on understanding of the cultural and genetic accessory by him is analyzed. As evidential base Yu. Dombrovsky’s statements about the Gipsy origin are attracted. In article the Gipsy motive is considered as one of constant in the Russian literature. The conclusion is drawn that the concept of “Roma” in the Russian literary tradition is an image archetypic; the implicatures put in him are capable to report conceptually important data on the writer.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):84-88
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MYTHICAL RESTRUCTURING IN MICHEL TOURNIER’S NOVEL«THE ERL-KING»
Vasilenko E.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the mythical restructuring in Michel Tournier’s novel “The Erl-King”. The movement of the plot is based on the internal development of the idea of “Phoria” - the act of “bearing”. The essay investigates various aspects of the “phoria”, transformation and inversion of the traditional myth as the main poetic principles in Tournier’s fiction. Considerable attention is paid to photography appearing both as the way of mythologizing of an object and as the consuming of the model. The article presents an analysis of the relation between denotation and connotation in the main symbols and signs in the novel. Basic motives of the writer are represented by auto-intertextual discourse.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):89-100
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THE MOTIFS OF REVENGE AND MADNESSIN GOTHIC DRAMA «BERTRAM» BY CH.R. MATURIN
Budekhin S.Y.
Abstract
The article is devoted to questions of artistic originality and literary context of gothic drama of Charles Robert Charles Maturin “Bertram”. The author analyzes distinctive for gothic literature motifs of revenge and madness through consideration of the key character of the drama. This article provides information about the critical reaction of Maturin’s contemporaries to first theatrical production of “Bertram”. The author also exemplifies the successive nature of Maturin’s drama in relation to the works within its broad literary context.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):101-111
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THE CATEGORY OF TIME AND SPACE IN THE WORKS OF O.SULEIMENOV
Utepova R.I.
Abstract
The article deals with the category of time and space in the works of O. Suleimenov. Based on the poetry of Olzhas Suleimenov attempted to decrypt the image path, which is presented in different ways. The phenomenon of the Russian-speaking poet, considered from the point of view of a conceptual image of the world, formed in the framework of Russian, global and national cultures. Analysis of poetic texts held in the semantic aspect of using the method of textual parallels.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):112-121
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LEGAL REGULATION OF THE INTERNET IN RUSSIA AS THE REFLECTION OF THE POLICY CARRIED OUT BY THE STATE LEADER
Tigranyan E.A., Bazanova A.E.
Abstract
This article is devoted to the problem of legal regulation of the Russian segment of the Internet. An attempt to substantiate the assumption according to which the legal initiatives undertaken by the government in the field of the regulation of network space directly depend on the policy pursued by the leader of the state at this or that stage was made within this article. The history of the formation and development of legal regulation of the virtual space was briefly analyzed in the work from the inception of the Runet in 1990 up to the present time. The entire study period was divided into four stages in the course of the analysis. Four presidential terms - three periods of the domination ofPutin and one - of D.A. Medvedev formed the basis for this purpose. The review of legislative initiatives in the historical context carried out within this article allowed to draw a conclusion about the fairness of our assumption.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):122-131
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“THE SON OF SAM” IN THE NEW YORK TIMES: CONTENT ANALYSIS RESULTS
Katkova L.V.
Abstract
The article aims at the study of the representation of serial killer David Berkowitz (The Son of Sam) in The New York Times using content analysis. The research includes all newspaper articles that have been published from the time of the first murder and until the judgment of the court. During the research the author analyzes not only exterior characteristics of the articles (genre, photographs, comments, etc.) but also interior characteristics created by the author (evaluative and descriptive elements, character properties). The author assumes that the newspaper intentionally or unintentionally creates an appealing image of the killer using different methods and linguistic techniques. Statistical data that we have obtained allow us to assert that the author`s hypothesis is confirmed. In particular, the author finds out that The New York Times journalists depict David Berkowitz as a worldwide celebrity and a mystic monster and endow him with supernatural properties and outstanding abilities. Such depiction has a great influence on the audience`s perception of the killer. Many examples of the killer`s psychological aggression in the newspaper allow us to assert that The New York Times is partly responsible for the panic in New York City during a yearlong Son of Sam shooting spree.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):132-138
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MEDIA CONVERGENCE AND LINGUISTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE INTERNET SPACE IN MODERN CONDITIONS
Kostadinov V.I., Bazanova A.E.
Abstract
The article discusses the development of Internet-linguistics and the impact of media convergence on the language peculiarities of Internet environment. Particular attention is paid to the establishment and approval of Internet linguistics as a new direction in linguistics research, the methods it uses, terminological system, Internet discourse and peculiarities of Internet communications. The purpose of this publication is to try to summarize the described by the Russian and foreign scientists linguistic characteristics in the Internet with the influence of her media convergence and the consequences that result from their interaction. Analyzing and provides specific examples from the Internet, the author tries to show the interdependence and close relationship the key elements of the media environment, which led media linguistic in a separate direction, which deserves detailed study and attention of scientists.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):139-146
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TELEVISION NEWS IN THE SIBERIAN FEDERAL DISTRICT: CONSTRUCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MODERN BRANDING AND BROADCASTING
Voytik E.A.
Abstract
Information programs of local TV rarely the subject of theoretical studies. Although for them there is interest from scientists from different scientific disciplines (journalism, philology, history, sociology, political science, psychology). But most of these works dealt with general trends inherent in the news or focused on the specifics of the information broadcast on the federal channels. The article deals with a number of characteristics inherent to the news on local TV stations in the Siberian Federal District.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):147-155
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WHY THE TERMNATION OF ANALOGUE TERRESTRIAL TV IN RUSSIA DOESN’T STOP
Bakhus A.O.
Abstract
All aspects preventing the termination of analogue terrestrial TV in Russia are considered the most detailed and in full. Monitoring of mass media publications on the subject for six years - formed the basis of the analytical material of this article. Features of distribution and relaying of TV signals are shown with respect to Russia with its vast territory. The multiethnic and multireligious composition of the country, the diversity of languages and dialects are marked. It is concluded that the main limiting factor in the transition to digital broadcasting (DVB-T) is the probability of the possible loss of most of the local (regional) TV channels. The chronology of the formation of three national multiplexes (digital packets) and the disappearance of their regional channels is reconstructed. Possible and well known ways out of this situation for local television such as the association of broadcasters and the production of their own gear are pointed. As a result of this study the author proposed their own solutions to the problems of regional television. Other restraining factors of digitization of television broadcast are reviewed such as a huge fleet of analog TV receivers, the flow of spectators into the Internet network, technical imperfection and obsolescence of integrated technologies, competitive with cable, satellite and IP broadcasting.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):156-174
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EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION IN RUSSIAN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
Gegelova N.S., Ismailova A.A.
Abstract
This article analyzes the current state of student media of Russia. Special attention is paid to educational television. Student TV of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia is аnalyzed precisely. Оn the basis of a poll а new model of educational TV is proposed. The main advantage of the new model is that students get the opportunity to create their own programs.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):175-180
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“THE ECONOMIST” - BUSINESS MAGAZINE OF I.V. VERNADSKY (1858-1865)
Surnina I.A.
Abstract
The article considers magazine VI Vernadsky, “The Economist”, the output in the years 1858-1861 as a supplement to the “Economic Index” magazine, and in the years 1862-1865 as an independent publication. In the article analyzes in detail the content of the magazine, thematic subject and problems of the key articles of the journal and the structure. Separately considered debate with other periodicals. Noted the magazine’s position on key issues abroad 1850-1860 period. Also identify trends of development of economic newspapers and magazines the middle of the XIX century.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):181-195
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CONTRADICTIONS OF MEDIA FUNDS MARKET FORMATION MEDIA IN KAZAKHSTAN
Askarov N.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the formation of the media market in Kazakhstan in the post-Soviet period. Critical analyzing and comprehending certain aspects of the functioning of the media system of Kazakhstan in the conditions of market relations, the author in addition to their own criticisms offers recommendations for improving the regulation of the information market in the country. In this plane the author proposes to regulate the media work at these levels: 1) regulatory and legal; 2) organizational and coordination; 3) scientific and educational; 4) self-regulation.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(4):196-201
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