No 3 (2016)

Articles
UNUSUAL ASPECTS OF RENDERING OF REVOLUTIONIN THE WORKS OF F.M. DOSTOEVSKY AND M.A. VOLOSHIN
Melnikov E.S.
Abstract
The article analyzes the views of Fyodor Dostoyevsky and M. Voloshin on the phenomenon of the Russian Revolution. Both authors see the triumph of atheism over religious and ethical foundations. It also deals with publicist works of Voloshin and Dostoevsky, showing not only the similarity of their moral philosophy, but also the continuity between the ideological and aesthetic programs of both thinkers. The article also describes the views of Dostoyevsky and M. Voloshin on the role of philosophy of nihilism in the formation of anarchist doctrines. It demonstrates the conviction of the great thinkers that revolutionary ideas could be defeated only with humanistic thinking, based on the strengthening of moral principles. It also cites the authors for the primarily peaceful and constructive nature of Russian nation.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):7-14
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BOOK OF POEMS IN ХХth CENTURY RUSSIAN POETRY: VARIETY OF GENRE AND COMPOSITIONAL FORMS
Verina U.Y.
Abstract
The article discusses the development of the genre and compositional forms a book of poems that took place in Russian poetry in the XXth century. The dynamics of these forms observed such phenomena as the futuristic book representing a synthesis of poetry and the visual arts, unauthor’s (posthumous) book of poems, “documentary and lyrical” book of poems of the war years, etc. Period during the second half of 1950-1970s is noted as a special stage when the trend of lyricism covered all literature genres and lyric poem was important and independent genre unit. During this period different ways of organizing the poems in the book present in works by E. Vinokurov, D. Samojlov, B. Akhmadulina, Yu. Levitansky, P. Antokolsky et al. At the same time phenomenon of “samizdat” arises - it was limited edition and non-typographical printing book. In many ways “samizdat” prepared the period of rapid development of new forms and types of books in Russian poetry of the 1980-1990s.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):15-23
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G. IVANOV’S COLLECTED POEMS OF THE 1910S: THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARTISTIC SELF-DETERMINATION
Semina A.A.
Abstract
The article discusses the issue of the early poems of G. Ivanov’s definition as symbolist or acmeist. Alexander Blok was the most important figure, who influenced Georgy Ivanov’s formation at the beginning of his way. Also researchers often mention the names of M. Kuzmin, N. Gumilev etc. In this regard the main problem of researching this period of Ivanov’s way seems to determine his early poems as symbolist or acmeist ones. The poems of the first book “The Embarkment for Cythera” tend to be written in symbolist poetic manner, although the following books demonstrate, that G. Ivanov synthesize the features of both literary schools, sometimes in the same poem. The early poems ofIvanov are the unique phenomenon of the post-symbolist epoch, which is characterized by its tendency of deep interpenetration of different literary schools’ principles.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):24-32
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“WE ARE LIKE HOAH’S CHILDREN’: RELIGIOUS MOTIFS WORKS DURING THE “PEER CENTURY”
Ovcharenko A.Y.
Abstract
The article reveals the religious motifs works during the “Peer century”; its loyalty is about revolution ideology, which was declared consistently in all program documents. It is shown that the overall aesthetic paradigm of the “Perevaltsy” (Commonwealth’ writers The Pass”), represents almost all the social groups of Russian society , for instance the Russian - German’son Nikolai Zarudin (Eyhelman ), Ivan Kataev which father was a Russian history professor, priest’ son Nicholas Kolokolov and Andrei Platonov which was considered the closest writer to the proletarian origin and spirit.For example, the creation key of the Writers “Pereval” (“The Pass”) words / motives “ honey”, “blood”, “apple”, “grain”, “milk”, “bread”, “heart” acquire in such works additional fabrics association, for the first time the Christian subtext was analyzed according to the realization of the “The Perevaltsy’s prose”.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):33-40
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THE INDIVIDUAL AND THE COLLECTIVE IN RUSSIAN CHILDREN’S LITERATURE OF PRE-WAR TIME
Zolotukhina A.V.
Abstract
The article considers some of the major processes in Russian children’s literature of the pre-war period, the causes and consequences of the influence (hidden) of the governmental order in the art, that affected in a specific idealization of the image of the child and of public consciousness. The author needs commit an excursus in the past, in decades of the origin and development of the concept of “personality” in the movement of Russian literature for adults and then for children, indicates the emergence of new, “Soviet” traditions in the understanding of personality - in the idealization of the personality of the teenager-”chieftain”, in the affirmation of the priority of public goals over private goals. The main part of the article is devoted to the attempt to make a new explanation of the originality of works for juvenility of A.P. Gaidar and V.A. Oseeva, in particular, the formal-substantive “roll call” of narratives “Timur and his team” and “Vasek Trubachev and his comrades”. Similarities and differences between the reactions of these writers to the socio-cultural situation in the country are determinated in the article.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):41-47
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“SECOND BIRTH” NOVEL PASTERNAK “DOCTOR ZHIVAGO”: THIRTY YEARS AFTER THE THAW
Melnichuk E.P.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the history of study of Boris Pasternak’s novel “Doctor Zhivago” since its appearance abroad in 1957 and until it release in 1988 in the Soviet Union. The publication of the novel in Italy in the 50’s caused thorny literary and political debates in the Western and the Soviet press. The study found that the main purpose of the Soviet critics was to convict the wrong ideological principles in the book instead of assessed the artistic value of the novel “Doctor Zhivago”, while the foreign critics, less ideology-driven, tried to evaluate the novel objectively. Due to the high interest of Western intellectuals to the Pasternak’s novel first attempts to sheds light on currently unexplored aspects of Pasternak’s oeuvre has already made in the Khrushchev times. Research of Western critics combined issues devoted to the special topics: individualism and the Pasternak’s Soviet ethos, the theme of intellectual freedom, the question of the legitimacy of a political assessment of novel Pasternak and other topics. A new stage in the discussion of the novel among Soviet theorists of literature began with the publication of the novel in the 80’s in the Soviet Union. The article deals with the first attempts of analyze the “Doctor Zhivago” in the Soviet Union, not overburdened with ideology.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):48-59
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SOVIET STUDY OF LITERATURE ON CLASSIS PERSIAN LITERATURE
Babazade N.S.
Abstract
The article deals with the formation of Soviet Oriental Studies. Y. Marr’s activity is the centre of attention. Y. Marr’s works are hardly mentioned nowdays. It seems that the works of this outstanding orientalist are not needed. However, even a superficial review of the articles by Y. Marr is indicative of thematic breadth and analytical depth. Y. Marr’s works are of particular interest for the Azerbaijani oriental studies, as one of its most important aspects was to determine the place of Azerbaijani poets in the context of Persian literature. The article also examines the assessment of M. Akhundov’s works and its influence on Persian literature made by the Soviet literary critics.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):60-67
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INTERTEXTUAL GAME IN THE NOVEL “ULYSSES” BY JAMES JOYCE
Shervashidze V.V., Semykina M.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the description of intertextual game in the novel “Ulysses” by James Joyce. The features of the Joyce’s poetics are explored with the aim of interpretational limits’ determination in the text. The authors carry out analyses of the first episode in which synthesis of characters, applying of details, allusions and oppositions are revealed as the main mechanisms of combination for various plans of narration.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):68-73
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THE PROBLEM OF GENDER ROLES IN THE NOVEL OF “NEW OBJECTIVISM”
Dronova O.A.
Abstract
The article discusses the problem of gender roles in the novels of “new objectivism” - a literary movement, that dominated the German literature of the 1920s and early 30s and was dedicated to the modernization of German society at that time, including changes in gender roles. Modern researchers speak about the crisis of the gender role of men in the “new objectivism” as the hero appears as a victim and gets such characteristics as passivity, disorientation and dependence. As for the gender role of women, the emancipation in German society during the period of Weimar Republik, was embodied in the image of the “new woman”, who became the subject of interpretation by women- writers - I. Koin,Fleißer and others. The greatest attention in the article is paid to the novel by M. Fleißer “Mehlreisende Frieda Geyer”, which interpreted both gender roles of men and women. The male character gets the traditionally “female” characteristics, and the heroine - “masculine” ones. Frieda Geyer is close to male heroes of the “new objectivism”, standing on the position of critical distance to her time and isshown through the typical principle of the “new objectivism” - antipsychologism. Female images in the „new objectivism“ are generally associated with the problem of self-determination, they choose between the traditional role and that of the “new woman”, though both of them don’t have sharp contours.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):74-83
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AUGMENTED REALITY APPS AS AN ACCESSORY FACTOR OF RECREATIVE JOURNALISM
Vikhoreva L.G.
Abstract
The article discusses the features of digital journalism, specialized applications for smartphones and tablets, which allow users to actively participate in the news creation, to discuss issues and problems that arise in recreative journalism. The article investigates the latest technologies of building applications and media texts recreative orientation, used by journalists and the audience for the transmission of related information. In the article for the first time characterized the role of augmented reality applications in the formation of social dialogue, which is aimed at deepening mutual understanding between journalists and readers and implementing recreational communicative functions of journalism. This article discusses the factors of successful functioning of these applications. The study will help a number of scientists to contribute to the development of innovative technologies.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):84-91
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CHARLES MANSON IN THE NEW YORK TIMES: CONTENT ANALYSIS RESULTS
Katkova L.V.
Abstract
The article aims at the study of the representation of serial killer Charles Manson in The New York Times using content analysis. The research includes all newspaper articles that have been published from the time of the first murder and until the judgment of the court. During the research the author analyzes not only exterior characteristics of the articles (genre, photographs, comments, etc.) but also interior characteristics created by the author (evaluative and descriptive elements, character properties). The author assumes that the newspaper intentionally or unintentionally creates an appealing image of the killer using different methods and linguistic techniques. Statistical data that we have obtained allow us to assert that the author`s hypothesis is confirmed. In particular, the author finds out that The NewYork Times journalists depict Charles Manson as a nationwide celebrity and a mystic monster and endow him with supernatural properties and outstanding abilities. Such depiction has a great influence on the audience’s perception of the killer.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):92-101
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THE PROBLEM OF CLASSIFICATION OF THE MODERN BROADCASTING: THE ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OG THE FORMAT “TALK SHOW”
Gulenko P.V., Dolgova Y.I.
Abstract
The ambiguity of the term “talk show” in the practice and theory of television journalism, difficulties in defining television programs like “talk shows” require to discover the essential format`s characteristics by which we could easily find out the broadcast of this type. The article analyzes the definitions of the concept in Russian and foreign dictionaries and also in the scientific literature.The author investigates contentious issues in the definition of the term and essential characteristics of talk show: identification the genre of the conversation which takes place in the studio; the role of a live studio audience in talk; the border of the format. Besides, the term “talk show” is correlated to such categories as “format” and “genre”. The author raises the question about the correctness of the understanding of “talk shows” like the current genre of TV journalism. Finally, on systematizes distinctive characteristics of talk shows, highlighted by different researchers, and offers the list of essential characteristics of the broadcast of this type.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):102-110
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ADVERRTISING IN A CRUTIAL PERIOD: INTERNATIONAL ADVERTISING IN OUR DAYS
Fedotova L.N.
Abstract
This article discusses aspects of the development of advertising in Russia and the place of international advertising in particular. The main features are the volume of international advertising and the audience motives in the consumption of such information in close connection with the general economic situation in the country, as well as the attitude towards the “other” countries.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):111-118
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FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT MOBILE INTERNET MASS-MEDIA IN CHINA
Wang Y., Gegelova N.S.
Abstract
Mobile Internet repeats the features of the traditional Internet and is becoming increasingly popular, due to the rapid growth of the mobile audience of online media, as well as mobile TV. Studies of Chinese experts noted great prospects for further development of mobile TV. The main feature of mobile TV is the ability to go in and watch TV anywhere, at any time, a wide range of programs in a mobile application, does not load the memory of mobile devices.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):119-126
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THE ROLE OF THE MEDIA INCHABGING THE POLITICAL MODEL OF SOCIETY(on the example of the Hungarian press, 1988-1989)
Pynina T.Y.
Abstract
The article discusses and reveals the role of mass media in changing political model of society on the example of the Hungarian media in 1988-1989. The author carried out the study and analysis of an extensive volume of Hungarian sources, mainly the Central press of the relevant period, thecharacteristic regularities of the influence of means of mass communication on public consciousness and, eventually, mitigation and transformation of the ruling regime in the country. Methodology the activities of the means of mass communication and their manipulative influence on the audience identified in the article can be considered as a prototype of information technology, which later, with the addition of new elements of public policy with the involvement of such a resource as the Internet, will take the form of the finished scheme effective preparation and conducting of the “orange” revolutions.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):127-134
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RETsENZIYaProskurina E.N. Faustiana Andreya Platonova (na materiale prozy 1920-1930-kh godov).M.: Novyy khronograf, 2015. 350 s
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):135-137
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DESYaT' LET SPUSTYa: DVA VZGLYaDA NA ODNU PROBLEMU(rossiyskoe dokumental'noe kino devyanostykh i dvukhtysyachnykh godov)
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):138-142
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RUSISTIKA V SOVREMENNOY PODNEBESNOY: NAUKA I STUDENChESKAYa ZhIZN'(zametki priglashennogo professora)
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):143-146
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ANGLIYSKIY NAUChNYY ANGAZhEMENT RUSSKOY KUL'TURY
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(3):147-151
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