No 4 (2015)

Articles
VSESLAV OF POLOTSK IN «THE LAY OF IGOR’S CAMPAIGN»: AUTHORIAL INTENTION AND MYTHOLOGICAL CONTEXT
Leonova V.V.
Abstract
The article presents an analysis of the image of Vseslav of Polotsk as a character of “The Lay” in relation to the mythological context and in close connection with the religious problem, which is the most controversial part of the research of “The Lay”. The image of the Prince of Polotsk as a hero of “The Lay” is compared in a religious aspect with its ambivalent character in chronicles, concluded in favor of the pagan concept of the image of Vseslav in “The Lay”. Considerable attention is paid to the issue of communication of Vseslav of Polotsk with the hero of ancient epos Volhov Vseslavyevich. The context of mythological pagan traditions of Norse and scientific studies of ancient pagan Slavs entered the evidence base of the article. There is a new view on the phenomenon of witchcraft and werewolf- transformation of Vseslav of Polotsk in the article.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):7-16
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AKHMATOVA’S BOOK OF VERSES «VECHER» THROUGHOUT OF TIME: CYCLIC CONSISTENCY AND TEXTOLOGICAL PARADOXES
Kikhney L.G.
Abstract
First Akhmatova’s book of verses “Vecher” (1912) is studied as a structural and semantic unit, the poet’s methods that determine the unity are analyzed. We track techniques by which semantic perception of “Vecher” as metacycle was consequentially renewed during the period of its “lethic” existence in the form of separate section in Akhmatova’s lifetime poetry collections.We state that some verses, which appeared within “Vecher” section in late collections in fact were created by Akhmatova in 1940s - 1950s. For one reason or another these verses couldn’t be put into later sections with later dates, so this strategy enabled them to get their place in a collection at all. “Aging” dates and mixing 1940s -verses with former ones took place due to Akhmatova’s frame of mind of those days; it allowed to overcome censorship as well. We prove that these verses along with new editions of “old” verses function as semantic anchors, mark out and link some key motives, that is why Akhmatova often set them to a “strong position” (for example, let them open a section or a collection).
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):17-30
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N. GUMILEV - THE TRANSLATOR AND THE POPULARIZER OF THE ENGLISH LAKE SCHOOL OF POETRY
Raskina E.Y., Ustinovskaya A.A.
Abstract
The article looks upon the impact that the Lake school of English romanticism produced on N.Gumilev’s poetic work. It is brought to light that the great poet of the Silver Age in Russia N. Gumilev interpreted many original poetic images in his own peculiar mode, as well as symbols and motives of poetic prose created by famous poets of the Lake school of English. The Lake school greatly influenced the works of poets working closely with N.S. Gumilev, such as I.V. Odoevzeva, G.V. Ivanov, N.A. Ozup. In particular, the poem ‘ Christabel’ by S.T. Coleridge translated by G.V. Ivanov inspired I. Odoevzeva when writing her poem ‘Moon poem’. It is also stated that the true spirit of the Lake school of English poetry in N. Gumilev’s works is closely connected with the poet’s admiration for druidizm idiology shared by ancient Celtic tribes and “neodruidizm” of modern “father of acmeism” W.B. Yeats.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):31-38
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SONNETS OF MAKSIM BAHDANOVICH
Fedotov O.I., Shelemova A.O.
Abstract
In article original sonnets of Maxim Bogdanovich - five poems in the Belarusian language and one - in Russian are analyzed. The only Russian sonnet gravitates to a genre kind of “the sonnet about sonnets”. Its purpose - to comprehend from within a genre and strophe form, new to the Belarusian poetry. The Belarusian sonnets represent five main thematic vectors of poetry of Bogdanovich: civil pathos, admiration of the native nature, motive “poet and poetry”, “eternal” subject of love and updating of urbanism. Implementation of the creative plan directed on enrichment of native literature by traditions of classical art systems led to very uncommon results in poetic searches of Maxim Bogdanovich who was successfully introducing “eternal” subjects and universal genre and strophe forms in “yoingslavic” poetry.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):39-49
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THEHISTORYOFCHARACTER’SGROWING UP: THE QUESTION OF COMPREHENSION OF SPACE-TIME BORDERS OF THE WORLD IN THE FIRST BOOK OF THE BUNIN’S NOVEL «ARSENYEV’S LIFE»
Dubova M.A., Ermachihina V.A.
Abstract
This article is dedicated to analyze of space-time continuum of the first Bunin’s autobiographical novel “Arseniev’s life” which was created in emigration. The authors explore ways of understanding the world and its space-time borders of the main character Alesha Arsenyev from his birth through his infancy, his childhood till adolescent years. A distinctive feature of the model of the world in a novel pre-defined its chronotope is a connection of modernity, the events of world history, the history of ancient civilizations, and biblical scenes in his narration. The articlefocuses on idea of path that the soul of man passes, coming from the Space to the earthly world and finding corporeal shell, breaking away from the divine universe, in which the only category commensurate Eternity, and “live” in the earthly world, limited by space toposes and time frames.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):50-58
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THE PROBLEM OFTIMEIN THE NOVELL “HERITAGE” BY OSIB DYMOV
Verkhovykh I.A.
Abstract
The article is about philosophic reflection and perception of three timedimensions “past-present-future” in a story written by unfamiliar writer Osip Dymov. The author points out how Dymov conveys the diversity of his contemporaries’ opinions through the text’s poetics, how he shows their ambiguous attitude towards the burden of the past, whether it is worth taking history away from a shabby suitcase and packing it to a new, shiny one. Thorough poetic analysis of Dymov’s short story “Heritage”not only provides an opportunity to trace back how Dymov has created his own concept of the interconnection between space, matter and the three time dimensions “past-present-future”, but it is also shows a severe difficulty of this decision making process.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):59-66
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STALIN’S CHAPTERS AND NARRATIVE SIGNIFICANCE IN SOLZHENITSYN’S “THE FIRST CIRCLE”
Nichiporov I.B.
Abstract
Attention in this essay has been paid to the significance of Stalin’s representation in Solzhenitsyn’s “The First Circle” (1955-1968, chapters 19-23). The article brings together author’s words and leader’s and character’s voices, explores a number of themes centered on Stalin’s apperception his own personality and historical process. This essay investigates the main place of Stalin’s chapters in the novel structure and the composition of the chapters about Stalin. Historical problematics is the main point in characters’ disputes. The essay achieves “polyphony” in various narrative forms from dramatic episodes with inner dialogues to the situation “alone on the stage”. That shows paradox of leader’s inherent life and historical time and place.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):67-73
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THE STALIN’S MITH: OFFICIAL IMAGE OF THE LEADER AT THE LITERATURE OF SOCIALIST REALISM
Papadopoulou I.
Abstract
The article explores the construction and the representation of the portrait of the leader in the Soviet literature of the Stalin era. The origins of the official image of Stalin are examined under the prism of the analysis of the modern mythologizing, as it has been described by Roland Barthes. Furthermore, we explore some of the peculiarities of the Soviet literature in the construction and strengthening of the personality cult, where the method of socialist realism has gained the function of a social institution, which, like the myth, re-creates the reality, stating that “beautiful - this is our life.”The article is written with the purpose of systematizing what has already been examined by other researchers and has a total basis, establishingthe interrelation between the factors of the field of literature with the field of ideology and the field of power.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):74-83
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METANOVEL OF A. BITOV “THE TEACHER OF SYMMETRY”: FROM CHAOS TO THE METANARRATIVE
Magly A.D.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the analysis of the novel “the Teacher of Symmetry” written by A. Bitov: its plot, composition, character, idea-thematic levels. The first publication of short stories of the novel dates 1987. In the 70s of XX-th century scientists constructed a “unified field theory” and its theory of symmetry. The article considers the influence of this theory of symmetry on the structure and problematics of the A. Bitov’ novel, a systematic approach is used, that gives the opportunity to analyse this novel as a single unified text, not only the identification of allusions and postmodern strategies of playing with the word. The creative process, the act of creation, and reflective creative consciousness become the main subjects of research in the metanovel of A. Bitov. As a result of the analysis the conclusions are drawn about the genre variety of this novel as “a novel about the artist”, “a novel of creation” and about the attribution of this text to the metanarrative.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):84-92
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IMAGE OF MOSCOW IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE OF THE EARLY TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
Selemeneva M.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the poetics of the incarnation of the image of Moscow in the Russian literature of the beginning of the XXI century based on prose by Sergei Shargunov, Roman Senchin, Olga Slavnikova. The author refers to the history of the formation of the “Moscow text” and reveals in prose by contemporary authors as following the tradition of the image of Moscow as the preference of new artistic practices, including the decline in the status of traditional sacred loci of the “Moscow text”, the dominance of urban images, devoid of historical and cultural significance, the image of Moscow as semiotic empty space. The author analyzes the artistic conception of the hero of the “Moscow text” - the righteous and wanderer by S. A. Shargunov, the layman, indifferent to everything that is not the scope of his personal well-being by R. V. Senchin and the careerist, developing the idea of Dostoevsky’s “the underground man” by O. A. Slavnikova. The author comes to the conclusion that in the “Moscow text” of the twenty-first century, the capital has become a city of career, in the gallery leading characters took the place of heroes-ordinary people and heroes-careerists, converging “Moscow” and “St. Petersburg” local texts of Russian literature in the spirit of the worldwide trend towards unification and standardization of life of big cities.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):93-103
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ROMANTICISM SEMANTICS FIELD AT RUSSIAN POSTSOVIET POETRY
Ankudinov K.N.
Abstract
The article reveals some specific features of the Soviet and Post-soviet romanticism in poetry. One of them is so called “romanticism after romanticism”, which has been appeared on the bases of romantic narrative strategy. Post-soviet romanticism differs from the “Soviet romanticism”, because bears in itself romantic semantic, transmitted by global “mass culture” of the XX and XXI centuries. The attributes of this field are semiotic emblems-marks (images), romantic characters, for example, “wolf”, “crow”. They amplify the romantic narrative of authors and romantic essential features at the texts of these authors. This process is illustrated by examples from the poems of famous poets (Marina Strukova, Natalya Tochilnikova, Aleksandr Rodimtzev, Nikolay Redkin). The neoromantic literature is esthetically repressed by experts. This is supposed to be an error, because the existence of romantic semantic is an objective phenomenon. Arguments of the “OPOYAZ” philologists (Yuriy Tynyanov) are considered to be a bases to protect this point of vew.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):104-111
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ZOOMORPHIC IMAGES OF WOMEN SNAKE IN EUROPEAN LITERATURE
Galay K.N.
Abstract
The article discusses the image of a woman-snake from different angles and different authors. the traditional image is often found in the mythology of various nationalities, and also in folk tales. when this woman- snake carries a variety of characters from the evil witch to an innocent victim. in terms of the symbolism of the snake woman in the article discusses three works: S. Coleridge “ Christabel”,E.T.A. Hoffmann, “The Golden Pot”, and Guy de Maupassant “Crazy?”. All authors zoomorphic image of the woman-snake is quite different meanings and is a reflection of the ambivalent symbolism of the snake as a symbol. For the early romance S. Colridge this image is demonic, E. T. A. Hoffmann representative of late romanticism, woman- snake displays pagan ideas about the serpent, realist Guy de Maupassant uses everyday’s beliefs about the serpent.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):112-118
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HISTORY OF POST-SOVIET JOURNALISM: ANTHROPOMETRIC APPROACH
Soldatkina Y.V.
Abstract
The history of post-Soviet journalism is a contemporary research topic that has not yet received a balanced scientific assessment. The article studies recent attempts by several journalist groups to capture the history of the key media of post-Soviet journalism (“The History of Russian Media in 1989-2011” and “Dear Editor team. The true story of “Lenta.ru...”) which has not yet become the subject of scientific research. These texts are characterized by the following features: confession themes, presence of several journalists to create “an objective” picture, heightened emotional state and personal subjective interpretation of events. The style and composition of those texts reflect the common tendencies that define the evolution of journalistic “opinions” as well as an network alternative journalism which is focused on providing a more personal assessment and individual reaction to political and sociocultural historical events.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):119-126
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THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONING OF NEWS FIELD (BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE TRIAD OF RUSSIAN’S MAIN NEWS AGENCIES)
Kurilov A.E.
Abstract
The article is based on the relevant for modern humane studies noosphere approach. Author offers for the first time a new object of inquiry - news field, which is regarded as a complex information and communicative phenomenon. News field accumulates information about past events in the form of rigidly structured messages, building them into its own structure, which author describes as a right pyramid. Important news messages are assembled on the top of the pyramid, the less important - in its middle section and the background is contained at the bottom. Pyramid structures of the message and the news field are mutually determinant. Horizontal structure of the field is represented by the “news chains” - separate news stories. News fields have their own hierarchy, where the higher field selects and structures information from the lower.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):127-136
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USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN SYRIA: MEDIA ANALYSIS
Nafaa D.
Abstract
The media is one of the most important institutions of society, a tool for rapid and inclusive of conveying information of any kind to everyone, battleground various artists “medieval”. As, in fact, the “fourth estate”, they affect all spheres of society, primarily politics, culture, education, religion and even personal lives. Moreover, the perception and evaluation of phenomena and events in the country and the world and is touted through them and with them. The modern world lives according to the media rule: there is important and just what is said by the media. One of the most urgent agenda of modernity - the ongoing conflict in Syria and the role of the media. Accordingly, the article discusses the reaction of the world’s media on the use of chemical weapons in the Eastern suburbs of Damascus ghouta.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):137-144
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TO A QUESTION ABOUT THE FEATURES OF THE FORMATION OF POLITICAL IMAGE IN INTERNET
Kadyrova S.N.
Abstract
This article discusses the basic principles of forming the image of the Internet as a new communication platform. The author draws attention to the fact that the most popular methods of impact on the audience are developed and used offline mechanisms of manipulation of mass consciousness and public opinion. At the same time an attempt is made to study the modern techniques used in the new media and their effectiveness when working with the target audience.Today, the Internet plays an important role in the formation, operation and evolution of the social consciousness. The perception and interpretation of the most significant events and phenomena occurring in the country and the world in general is carried out directly through the news sites, the blogosphere and social networks. With the gradual penetration and fixation of the Internet in the political sphere, it is possible to talk about turning it into a tool for the implementation of the political process.Thus, the modern principles of regulatory work to an audience of the Internet, are universal development professionals, whose professional interests lie in different areas of public knowledge.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):145-153
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PSYCHOLOGICAL METHODS AND COGNITIVE SCHEMES IN MODERN INFORMATION WAR FARE
Barabash V.V., Kotelenets E.A.
Abstract
The article examines a typology of information wars, and basing on it, analyses methods of influencing minds or actions of people. Its special focus is on transformation of information space and manipulation of public opinion. Personalization, dichotomous thinking, selective abstraction, catastrophezation and other methods are viewed among cognitive schemes that can define behavioral strategies.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):154-161
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A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF DOCTORAL RESEARCHES (2010-2014) ABOUT WORKS OF VLADIMIR VYSOTSKY
Gavrikov V.A.
Abstract
This article concludes an overview of reaserches about works of Vladimir Vysotsky (vysotskovedeniye), that had been written by this moment. I also had made a careful study of doctoral researches about works of Vladimir Vysotsky. There is also a critical analysis of doctoral researches, that had been protected in 2010-2014.For the first time in the science about «bard song», all doctoral researches about Vladimir Vysotsky compiled and systematized by author. These works investigated from a statistical, geography of creation and belonging to the different scientific branches perspective. Dissertational researches in recent years were analyzed in order to determine their relevance, information availability about the development of «vysotskovedenie» and history of profile issue. Works without references to the previous experience of studying the matter under consideration, as well as containing a plagiarism were detected among them.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):162-172
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NAShI AVTORY
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2015;(4):173-175
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